Nebraska Revised Statute 71-1631

Chapter 71 Section 1631


Local boards of health; meetings; expenses; powers and duties; rules and regulations; pension and retirement plans.

Except as provided in subsection (4) of section 71-1630, the board of health of each county, district, or city-county health department organized under sections 71-1626 to 71-1636 shall, immediately after appointment, meet and organize by the election of one of its own members as president, one as vice president, and another as secretary and, either from its own members or otherwise, a treasurer and shall have the power set forth in this section. The board may elect such other officers as it may deem necessary and may adopt and promulgate such rules and regulations for its own guidance and for the government of such health department as may be necessary, not inconsistent with sections 71-1626 to 71-1636. The board of health shall, with the approval of the county board and the municipality, whenever a city is a party in such a city-county health department:

(1) Select the health director of such department who shall be (a) well-trained in public health work though he or she need not be a graduate of an accredited medical school, but if he or she is not such a graduate, he or she shall be assisted at least part time by at least one medical consultant who shall be a licensed physician, (b) qualified in accordance with the state personnel system, and (c) approved by the Department of Health and Human Services;

(2) Hold an annual meeting each year, at which meeting officers shall be elected for the ensuing year;

(3) Hold meetings quarterly each year;

(4) Hold special meetings upon a written request signed by two of its members and filed with the secretary;

(5) Provide suitable offices, facilities, and equipment for the health director and assistants and their pay and traveling expenses in the performance of their duties, with mileage to be computed at the rate provided in section 81-1176;

(6) Publish, on or soon after the second Tuesday in July of each year, in pamphlet form for free distribution, an annual report showing (a) the condition of its trust for each year, (b) the sums of money received from all sources, giving the name of any donor, (c) how all money has been expended and for what purpose, and (d) such other statistics and information with regard to the work of such health department as may be of general interest;

(7) Enact rules and regulations, subsequent to public hearing held after due public notice of such hearing by publication at least once in a newspaper having general circulation in the county or district at least ten days prior to such hearing, and enforce the same for the protection of public health and the prevention of communicable diseases within its jurisdiction, subject to the review and approval of such rules and regulations by the Department of Health and Human Services;

(8) Make all necessary sanitary and health investigations and inspections;

(9) In counties having a population of more than four hundred thousand inhabitants as determined by the most recent federal decennial census, enact rules and regulations for the protection of public health and the prevention of communicable diseases within the district, except that such rules and regulations shall have no application within the jurisdictional limits of any city of the metropolitan class and shall not be in effect until (a) thirty days after the completion of a three-week publication in a legal newspaper, (b) approved by the county attorney with his or her written approval attached thereto, and (c) filed in the office of the county clerk of such county. A county shall comply with this subsection within six months after a determination that the population has reached more than four hundred thousand inhabitants as determined by the most recent federal decennial census;

(10) Investigate the existence of any contagious or infectious disease and adopt measures, with the approval of the Department of Health and Human Services, to arrest the progress of the same;

(11) Distribute free as the local needs may require all vaccines, drugs, serums, and other preparations obtained from the Department of Health and Human Services or purchased for public health purposes by the county board;

(12) Upon request, give professional advice and information to all city, village, and school authorities on all matters pertaining to sanitation and public health;

(13) Fix the salaries of all employees, including the health director. Such city-county health department may also establish an independent pension plan, retirement plan, or health insurance plan or, by agreement with any participating city or county, provide for the coverage of officers and employees of such city-county health department under such city or county pension plan, retirement plan, or health insurance plan. Officers and employees of a county health department shall be eligible to participate in the county pension plan, retirement plan, or health insurance plan of such county. Officers and employees of a district health department formed by two or more counties shall be eligible to participate in the county retirement plan unless the district health department establishes an independent pension plan or retirement plan for its officers or employees;

(14) Establish fees for the costs of all services, including those services for which third-party payment is available; and

(15) In addition to powers conferred elsewhere in the laws of the state and notwithstanding any other law of the state, implement and enforce an air pollution control program under subdivision (23) of section 81-1504 or subsection (1) of section 81-1528, which program shall be consistent with the federal Clean Air Act, as amended, 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq. Such powers shall include without limitation those involving injunctive relief, civil penalties, criminal fines, and burden of proof. Nothing in this section shall preclude the control of air pollution by resolution, ordinance, or regulation not in actual conflict with the state air pollution control regulations.


  • Laws 1943, c. 152, § 6, p. 558;
  • R.S.1943, § 71-1631;
  • Laws 1953, c. 249, § 1, p. 852;
  • Laws 1955, c. 275, § 1, p. 871;
  • Laws 1963, c. 401, § 1, p. 1286;
  • Laws 1967, c. 449, § 3, p. 1394;
  • Laws 1969, c. 151, § 5, p. 713;
  • Laws 1972, LB 1497, § 6;
  • Laws 1973, LB 285, § 1;
  • Laws 1979, LB 198, § 2;
  • Laws 1981, LB 204, § 120;
  • Laws 1992, LB 860, § 3;
  • Laws 1992, LB 1257, § 74;
  • Laws 1993, LB 623, § 2;
  • Laws 1996, LB 1011, § 28;
  • Laws 1996, LB 1044, § 571;
  • Laws 1997, LB 185, § 4;
  • Laws 2006, LB 1019, § 6;
  • Laws 2007, LB296, § 481;
  • Laws 2016, LB742, § 21.