Nebraska Revised Statute 76-408
Forfeiture of land; duty of county attorney to enforce; procedure; costs.
Whenever any such lands shall revert and escheat to the State of Nebraska, as provided in sections 76-403, 76-405, and 76-411, it shall be the duty of the county attorney of the county in which such lands are situated, to proceed against such alien in the district court of the county where the land is situated for the purpose of having such forfeiture declared. The nonresident alien defendants shall be served in the manner provided for the service of a summons in a civil action, and the court shall have power to hear and determine the questions presented in such cases and to declare such lands escheated to the state. When such forfeiture shall be declared by the district court, it shall be the duty of the clerk of the court to notify the Governor of the state that the title to such lands is vested in the state by the decree of the court. The clerk of the court shall present the Director of Administrative Services with the bill of costs incurred by the county in prosecuting such case, who shall issue a warrant to the clerk of the court on the state treasury to repay the county for such costs incurred. The heirs or persons who would have been entitled to such lands shall be paid by the State of Nebraska the full value thereof, as ascertained by appraisement upon the oaths of the judge, treasurer, and clerk of the county where such lands lie, and such lands shall become subject to the law, and shall be disposed of as other lands belonging to the state; Provided, the expense of the appraisement shall be deducted from the appraised value of the land.
- Laws 1889, c. 58, § 2, p. 484;
- Laws 1911, c. 100, § 1, p. 365;
- R.S.1913, § 6274;
- C.S.1922, § 5688;
- C.S.1929, § 76-503;
- R.S.1943, § 76-408;
- Laws 1983, LB 447, § 86.
Escheat must be established and payment made as provided in section 76-408, and under certain circumstances, section 76-409. Wilson v. State, 195 Neb. 228, 237 N.W.2d 835 (1976).
Prior to 1963, when the method by which nonresident aliens may take land by inheritance was provided, nonresident aliens could not inherit lands in Nebraska but were to be paid the full value therefor by the state. Shames v. State, 192 Neb. 614, 223 N.W.2d 481 (1974).
It is the duty of the county attorney to proceed against alien for purpose of having forfeiture declared. Semrad v. Semrad, 170 Neb. 911, 104 N.W.2d 338 (1960).
If land escheats to state, it must be by appropriate proceedings and upon full compensation. Nelson v. Nelson, 113 Neb. 453, 203 N.W. 640 (1925).
This section provides the method of procedure in case lands are escheated to the state. State v. Toop, 107 Neb. 391, 186 N.W. 371 (1922).