Nebraska Revised Statute 44-2121

Chapter 44


Terms, defined.

For purposes of the Insurance Holding Company System Act:

(1) An affiliate of, or person affiliated with, a specific person means a person that directly, or indirectly through one or more intermediaries, controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with the person specified;

(2) Control, including controlling, controlled by, and under common control with, means the possession, direct or indirect, of the power to direct or cause the direction of the management and policies of a person, whether through the ownership of voting securities, by contract other than a commercial contract for goods or nonmanagement services, or otherwise, unless the power is the result of an official position with or corporate office held by the person. Control is presumed to exist if any person, directly or indirectly, owns, controls, holds with the power to vote, or holds proxies representing ten percent or more of the voting securities of any other person. This presumption may be rebutted by a showing made in the manner provided by subsection (11) of section 44-2132 that control does not exist in fact. The director may determine, after furnishing all persons in interest notice and opportunity to be heard and making specific findings of fact to support such determination, that control exists in fact, notwithstanding the absence of a presumption to that effect;

(3) Director means the Director of Insurance;

(4) Director or commissioner of the lead state means the director or commissioner of insurance in the lead state for the insurance holding company system as determined by the procedures within the Financial Analysis Handbook adopted by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners;

(5) Enterprise risk means any activity, circumstance, event, or series of events involving one or more affiliates of an insurer that, if not remedied promptly, is likely to have a material adverse effect upon the financial condition or liquidity of the insurer or its insurance holding company system as a whole, including, but not limited to, anything that would cause the insurer's risk-based capital to fall into company action level as set forth in section 44-6011 or would cause the insurer to be in hazardous financial condition as defined by rule and regulation adopted and promulgated by the director to define standards for companies deemed to be in hazardous financial condition;

(6) Group capital calculation instructions means the group capital calculation instructions as adopted by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners and amended from time to time in accordance with its adopted procedures;

(7) Group-wide supervisor means the chief insurance regulatory official, including the director, who (a) is authorized to conduct and coordinate group-wide supervision activities of an international insurance group and (b) is from the jurisdiction determined or acknowledged by the director under section 44-2155 to have sufficient contacts with the international insurance group;

(8) An insurance holding company system shall consist of two or more affiliated persons, one or more of which is an insurer;

(9) Insurer has the same meaning as in section 44-103, except that insurer does not include agencies, authorities, or instrumentalities of the United States, its possessions and territories, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the District of Columbia, or a state or political subdivision of a state;

(10) International insurance group means an insurance holding company system that has been determined by the director to be an international insurance group under section 44-2154;

(11) NAIC Liquidity Stress Test Framework means a separate publication of the National Association of Insurance Commissioners which includes a history of the National Association of Insurance Commissioners' development of regulatory liquidity stress testing, the scope criteria applicable for a specific data year, and the liquidity stress test instructions and reporting templates for a specific data year;

(12) Person means an individual, a corporation, a partnership, a limited partnership, an association, a joint-stock company, a trust, an unincorporated organization, any similar entity, or any combination of such entities acting in concert but does not include any joint-venture partnership exclusively engaged in owning, managing, leasing, or developing real or tangible personal property;

(13) Scope criteria means, as detailed in the NAIC Liquidity Stress Test Framework, the designated exposure bases along with minimum magnitudes thereof for the specified data year, used to establish a preliminary list of insurers considered scoped into the NAIC Liquidity Stress Test Framework for such data year;

(14) Security holder of a specified person means one who owns any security of such person, including common stock, preferred stock, debt obligations, and any other security convertible into or evidencing the right to acquire any such stock or obligations;

(15) Subsidiary of a specified person means an affiliate controlled by such person directly or indirectly through one or more intermediaries; and

(16) Voting security includes any security convertible into or evidencing a right to acquire a voting security.


  • The purpose of the Insurance Holding Company System Act is to protect policyholders by probing the competence of those seeking to control insurance companies. The Insurance Holding Company System Act applies equally, regardless of whether the would-be acquiring party is a Nebraska resident, and as such does not resemble the principal objects of dormant Commerce Clause scrutiny, which are statutes that discriminate against interstate commerce. The Insurance Holding Company System Act poses no threat of inconsistent regulations, because it regulates only the internal affairs of insurers registered in this state and thus survives scrutiny under the Commerce Clause. CenTra, Inc. v. Chandler Ins. Co., 248 Neb. 844, 540 N.W.2d 318 (1995).