Nebraska Revised Statute 71-9104

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71-9104. Schools; duties; participant on athletic team; actions required; notice to parent or guardian; effect of signature of licensed health care professional.

(1) Each approved or accredited public, private, denominational, or parochial school shall:

(a) Make available training approved by the chief medical officer on how to recognize the symptoms of a concussion or brain injury and how to seek proper medical treatment for a concussion or brain injury to all coaches of school athletic teams;

(b) Require that concussion and brain injury information be provided on an annual basis to students and the students' parents or guardians prior to such students initiating practice or competition. The information provided to students and the students' parents or guardians shall include, but need not be limited to:

(i) The signs and symptoms of a concussion;

(ii) The risks posed by sustaining a concussion; and

(iii) The actions a student should take in response to sustaining a concussion, including the notification of his or her coaches; and

(c) Establish a return to learn protocol for students that have sustained a concussion. The return to learn protocol shall recognize that students who have sustained a concussion and returned to school may need informal or formal accommodations, modifications of curriculum, and monitoring by medical or academic staff until the student is fully recovered.

(2)(a) A student who participates on a school athletic team shall be removed from a practice or game when he or she is reasonably suspected of having sustained a concussion or brain injury in such practice or game after observation by a coach or a licensed health care professional who is professionally affiliated with or contracted by the school. Such student shall not be permitted to participate in any school supervised team athletic activities involving physical exertion, including, but not limited to, practices or games, until the student (i) has been evaluated by a licensed health care professional, (ii) has received written and signed clearance to resume participation in athletic activities from the licensed health care professional, and (iii) has submitted the written and signed clearance to resume participation in athletic activities to the school accompanied by written permission to resume participation from the student's parent or guardian.

(b) If a student is reasonably suspected after observation of having sustained a concussion or brain injury and is removed from an athletic activity under subdivision (2)(a) of this section, the parent or guardian of the student shall be notified by the school of the date and approximate time of the injury suffered by the student, the signs and symptoms of a concussion or brain injury that were observed, and any actions taken to treat the student.

(c) Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to require any school to provide for the presence of a licensed health care professional at any practice or game.

(d) The signature of an individual who represents that he or she is a licensed health care professional on a written clearance to resume participation that is provided to a school shall be deemed to be conclusive and reliable evidence that the individual who signed the clearance is a licensed health care professional. The school shall not be required to determine or verify the individual's qualifications.

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