24-101. Jurisdiction.

All impeachments of state officers shall be tried before the Supreme Court, except that the impeachment of a judge of the Supreme Court shall be tried before the Court of Appeals sitting en banc.

Source:Laws 1879, § 1, p. 82; R.S.1913, § 1128; C.S.1922, § 1057; C.S.1929, § 27-101; R.S.1943, § 24-101; Laws 1991, LB 732, § 28.


Annotations

24-102. Quorum.

A court of impeachment shall have power to proceed with a trial only when two-thirds of all the members thereof are in attendance, but any less number shall have power to adjourn to any reasonable time.

Source:Laws 1879, § 2, p. 82; R.S.1913, § 1129; C.S.1922, § 1058; C.S.1929, § 27-102; R.S.1943, § 24-102.


24-103. Rules.

A court of impeachment shall make such rules and orders as in its discretion shall be best adapted to a full, fair, and impartial investigation of the charges made, and to the promotion of substantial justice.

Source:Laws 1879, § 3, p. 82; R.S.1913, § 1130; C.S.1922, § 1059; C.S.1929, § 27-103; R.S.1943, § 24-103.


24-104. Clerk and reporter.

The Clerk of the Supreme Court shall act as the clerk of the Court of Impeachment, and the court may appoint a shorthand reporter, and such officers shall each receive such an allowance as the Court of Impeachment may authorize, to be by them reported for the consideration of the Legislature at its next session.

Source:Laws 1879, § 4, p. 82; R.S.1913, § 1131; C.S.1922, § 1060; C.S.1929, § 27-104; R.S.1943, § 24-104.


24-105. Order of business.

Whenever the Court of Impeachment in any way interferes with the business of any other court of the state, that of the Court of Impeachment shall take precedence.

Source:Laws 1879, § 5, p. 83; R.S.1913, § 1132; C.S.1922, § 1061; C.S.1929, § 27-105; R.S.1943, § 24-105.


24-106. Presiding judge; daily record of proceedings.

When the court of impeachment is composed of the judges of the Court of Appeals, the Chief Judge of the Court of Appeals shall act as the presiding judge of the court of impeachment, and in all other cases the Chief Justice shall preside. The Clerk of the Supreme Court shall keep a full record of each day's proceedings in a book to be specially provided for that purpose, and each day's proceedings shall be signed by the presiding judge. The Clerk of the Supreme Court shall always be the custodian of the book.

Source:Laws 1879, § 6, p. 83; R.S.1913, § 1133; C.S.1922, § 1062; C.S.1929, § 27-106; R.S.1943, § 24-106; Laws 1991, LB 732, § 29.


24-107. Written opinions to be reported; format.

The written opinions of any court of impeachment shall be reported in the volume of the Nebraska Reports issued after the adjournments of such court. In the alternative or in addition to print format, such opinions may be published in electronic format in the manner and under such title designated by the Supreme Court.

Source:Laws 1879, § 7, p. 83; R.S.1913, § 1134; C.S.1922, § 1063; C.S.1929, § 27-107; R.S.1943, § 24-107; Laws 1995, LB 271, § 1; Laws 2015, LB301, § 1.    


24-108. Judgment on conviction.

If the accused person be found guilty, judgment of removal from office, or disqualifying such person from holding or enjoying any office of honor, profit, or trust in the state, or both, may be rendered as in other cases.

Source:Laws 1879, § 8, p. 83; R.S.1913, § 1135; C.S.1922, § 1064; C.S.1929, § 27-108; R.S.1943, § 24-108.


Annotations

24-109. Offenses occurring during preceding term.

An impeachment against any state officer shall be tried and judgment of removal from office, or disqualification to hold office, may be rendered, notwithstanding the offense for which said officer is tried occurred during a term of office immediately preceding.

Source:Laws 1879, § 9, p. 83; R.S.1913, § 1136; C.S.1922, § 1065; C.S.1929, § 27-109; R.S.1943, § 24-109.


Annotations

24-201. Supreme Court; how constituted; Chief Justice.

The Supreme Court shall consist of the Chief Justice and six judges, and the Chief Justice shall preside at all sessions of the court.

Source:Laws 1879, § 10, p. 83; R.S.1913, § 1137; C.S.1922, § 1066; C.S.1929, § 27-201; R.S.1943, § 24-201.


24-201.01. Supreme Court judges; salary; amount; restriction on other employment of judges.

On July 1, 2016, the salary of the Chief Justice and the judges of the Supreme Court shall be one hundred seventy-one thousand nine hundred seventy-four dollars and seventy-three cents. On July 1, 2017, the salary of the Chief Justice and the judges of the Supreme Court shall be one hundred seventy-three thousand six hundred ninety-three dollars and ninety-seven cents. On January 1, 2019, the salary of the Chief Justice and the judges of the Supreme Court shall be one hundred seventy-six thousand two hundred ninety-nine dollars and thirty-eight cents.

The Chief Justice and the judges of the Supreme Court shall hold no other public office of profit or trust during their terms of office nor accept any public appointment or employment under the authority of the government of the United States for which they receive compensation for their services. Such salaries shall be payable in equal monthly installments.

Source:Laws 1947, c. 345, § 1, p. 1089; Laws 1951, c. 58, § 1, p. 191; Laws 1955, c. 77, § 1, p. 231; Laws 1959, c. 93, § 1, p. 406; Laws 1963, c. 127, § 1, p. 480; Laws 1963, c. 534, § 1, p. 1676; Laws 1967, c. 136, § 1, p. 421; Laws 1969, c. 173, § 1, p. 754; Laws 1969, c. 174, § 1, p. 755; Laws 1972, LB 1293, § 2; Laws 1974, LB 923, § 1; Laws 1976, LB 76, § 1; Laws 1978, LB 672, § 1; Laws 1979, LB 398, § 1; Laws 1983, LB 269, § 1; Laws 1986, LB 43, § 1; Laws 1987, LB 564, § 1; Laws 1990, LB 42, § 1; Laws 1995, LB 189, § 1; Laws 1997, LB 362, § 1; Laws 1999, LB 350, § 1;    Laws 2001, LB 357, § 1;    Laws 2005, LB 348, § 1;    Laws 2007, LB377, § 1;    Laws 2009, LB414, § 1;    Laws 2012, LB862, § 1;    Laws 2013, LB306, § 1;    Laws 2015, LB663, § 1;    Laws 2017, LB647, § 1.    
Operative Date: July 1, 2017


Annotations

24-201.02. Supreme Court judicial districts; numbers; boundaries; established by maps; Clerk of Legislature; Secretary of State; duties.

(1) Based on the 2010 Census of Population by the United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, the State of Nebraska is hereby divided into six Supreme Court judicial districts. Each district shall be entitled to one Supreme Court judge.

(2) The numbers and boundaries of the districts are designated and established by maps identified and labeled as maps SC11-19002-1, SC11-19002-2, SC11-19002-3, SC11-19002-4, SC11-19002-5, and SC11-19002-6, filed with the Clerk of the Legislature, and incorporated by reference as part of Laws 2011, LB699.

(3)(a) The Clerk of the Legislature shall transfer possession of the maps referred to in subsection (2) of this section to the Secretary of State on May 27, 2011.

(b) When questions of interpretation of district boundaries arise, maps referred to in subsection (2) of this section in possession of the Secretary of State shall serve as the indication of the legislative intent in drawing the district boundaries.

(c) Each election commissioner or county clerk shall obtain copies of maps referred to in subsection (2) of this section for the election commissioner's or clerk's county from the Secretary of State.

(d) The Secretary of State shall also have available for viewing on his or her web site maps referred to in subsection (2) of this section identifying the boundaries for the districts.

Source:Laws 1971, LB 545, § 1; Laws 1981, LB 552, § 1; R.S.1943, (1987), § 5-109; Laws 1990, LB 822, § 9; Laws 1991, LB 616, § 1; Laws 2001, LB 853, § 1;    Laws 2011, LB699, § 1.    


Cross References

24-201.03. Judges; salary increase; when effective.

Sections 24-201.01, 24-301.01, and 24-1101 shall be so interpreted as to effectuate their general purpose to provide, in the public interest, adequate compensation for the judges of the Supreme Court, Court of Appeals, district court, and separate juvenile courts and to permit a change in such salaries as soon as the same may become operative under the Constitution of Nebraska.

Source:Laws 1967, c. 136, § 3, p. 422; Laws 1991, LB 732, § 30.


24-201.04. Supreme Court judicial districts; population figures and maps; basis.

For purposes of section 24-201.02, the Legislature adopts the official population figures and maps from the 2010 Census Redistricting (Public Law 94-171) TIGER/Line Shapefiles published by the United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.

Source:Laws 1991, LB 616, § 2; Laws 2001, LB 853, § 2;    Laws 2011, LB699, § 2.    


24-202. Judges; eligibility.

(1) No person shall be eligible to the office of judge of the Supreme Court unless he or she (a) is at least thirty years of age and a citizen of the United States, (b) has had five years of practice of law in the State of Nebraska which may include prior service as a judge, (c) is currently admitted to practice before the Nebraska Supreme Court, and (d) is, on the effective date of appointment, a resident and elector of the district he or she is to represent.

(2) This section and sections 24-301, 24-505.01, 43-2,118, 48-153, and 48-153.01 shall not apply to a person serving as a judge of the Supreme Court on August 24, 1979, who continues to serve as a judge of the Supreme Court after such effective date.

Source:Laws 1879, § 12, p. 84; R.S.1913, § 1138; C.S.1922, § 1067; C.S.1929, § 27-202; R.S.1943, § 24-202; Laws 1963, c. 128, § 1, p. 481; Laws 1979, LB 237, § 1.


24-203. Transferred to section 24-741.

24-204. Jurisdiction, original, appellate, and final.

The Supreme Court shall have original jurisdiction in cases relating to the revenue, civil cases in which the state shall be a party, mandamus, quo warranto, habeas corpus, and election contests involving state officers other than members of the Legislature and shall have appellate and final jurisdiction of all matters of appeal and proceedings in error which may be taken from the judgments or decrees of other courts in all matters of law, fact, or equity when the rules of law or the principles of equity appear from the files, exhibits, or records of the court to have been erroneously determined.

Source:Laws 1879, § 13, p. 84; R.S.1913, § 1140; C.S.1922, § 1069; C.S.1929, § 27-204; R.S.1943, § 24-204; Laws 1971, LB 10, § 1; Laws 1991, LB 732, § 32.


Annotations

24-204.01. Original jurisdiction; issue of constitutionality of acts of Legislature; attorney fees; costs; payment.

When an original action is instituted in the Supreme Court by or against the state, or any office, department, or officer thereof, involving the constitutionality of any act of the Legislature no matter when such act was passed, attorney fees and costs may be allowed if any of the following conditions set forth in subdivision (1), (2), or (3) of this section are found to exist:

(1)(a) The action challenges the constitutionality of an act which the Attorney General has previously ruled constitutional or unconstitutional or as to which he has made no ruling, or (b) the action supports the constitutionality of an act which the Attorney General has previously ruled unconstitutional;

(2) The action is pending or commenced while the Legislature is in session; or

(3) The action is brought by a real party in interest and raises a justiciable issue or issues.

No such payment shall be made until approval thereof shall have been given by the Legislature by resolution adopted by a majority vote of its members.

The Supreme Court, upon finding that the conditions set forth in this section exist, shall allow reasonable attorney fees and costs in such amounts and for such parties as the court shall determine. Such fees and costs shall be taxed to the Attorney General and paid out of such appropriation as the Legislature shall make for that purpose.

Source:Laws 1967, c. 135, § 1, p. 420.


24-205. Supreme Court Education Fund; created; use; investment.

The Supreme Court Education Fund is created. The State Court Administrator shall administer the fund. The fund shall consist of money remitted pursuant to section 33-154. The fund shall only be used to aid in supporting the mandatory training and education program for judges and employees of the Supreme Court, Court of Appeals, district courts, separate juvenile courts, county courts, and Nebraska Probation System as enacted by rule of the Supreme Court.

On July 1, 2014, or as soon thereafter as administratively possible, the State Treasurer shall transfer one hundred nine thousand three hundred eighty-three dollars from the Supreme Court Education Fund to the Nebraska Retirement Fund for Judges as an offset to the increase in the state's contribution to the Nebraska Judges Retirement System.

Any money in the Supreme Court Education Fund available for investment shall be invested by the state investment officer pursuant to the Nebraska Capital Expansion Act and the Nebraska State Funds Investment Act.

Source:Laws 2003, LB 760, § 1;    Laws 2009, First Spec. Sess., LB3, § 9;    Laws 2011, LB378, § 16;    Laws 2014, LB906, § 13.    


Cross References

24-205.01. Judicial Branch Education Advisory Committee; powers.

(1) The Supreme Court may appoint a Judicial Branch Education Advisory Committee.

(2) The Judicial Branch Education Advisory Committee may:

(a) Develop for review by the Supreme Court standards and rules and regulations addressing such issues as the criteria for mandatory education for judges, criteria for approval of qualified activities, reporting requirements, sanctions for noncompliance, exemptions, and confidentiality of records;

(b) Develop for review by the Supreme Court standards and policies for education and training of all nonjudge judicial branch employees, including criteria for approval of qualified activities, reporting requirements, sanctions for noncompliance, and exemptions;

(c) Make recommendations to the State Court Administrator regarding budget requests and pursue grant funding;

(d) Develop for review by the Supreme Court policies regarding funding for travel and other related educational expenses for all employees for both instate and out-of-state travel; and

(e) Participate in additional activities as assigned by the Supreme Court in order to promote excellence in the administration of justice through quality education.

Source:Laws 2003, LB 760, § 2.    


24-206. Terms of court, special.

The judges of the Supreme Court, or a majority of them, are hereby authorized to appoint and hold a special term of said court at such time as they may designate, for disposing of the unfinished business of any general term of said court, and may appoint one special term of said court in any one year for general or special purposes.

Source:Laws 1879, § 15, p. 84; R.S.1913, § 1142; C.S.1922, § 1071; C.S.1929, § 27-206; R.S.1943, § 24-206.


24-207. Repealed. Laws 1982, LB 718, § 1.

24-208. Opinions; when filed.

The court shall cause to be reported with as much brevity as practicable each of its decisions which reverses or modifies the judgment of the district court, and also each other decision, whether made in disposing of a motion or otherwise, which determines or modifies any theretofore unsettled or new and important question of law, or that gives construction to any provision of the Constitution or of a statute not before construed, together with such other of its decisions as are deemed to be of interest or importance.

Source:Laws 1879, § 18, p. 85; R.S.1913, § 1145; Laws 1915, c. 21, § 1, p. 82; C.S.1922, § 1074; C.S.1929, § 27-208; R.S.1943, § 24-208.


Annotations

24-209. Nebraska Reports; Nebraska Appellate Reports; Nebraska Advance Sheets; Decisions of the Nebraska Court of Appeals; disposition; price; Supreme Court Reports Cash Fund; created.

(1) Unless otherwise directed by the Supreme Court, one copy in print format of the Nebraska Reports and one copy in print format of the Nebraska Appellate Reports shall be furnished by the Supreme Court to each judge of the Supreme Court, Court of Appeals, Nebraska Workers' Compensation Court, and district, separate juvenile, and county courts, to each county law library, and to each state library, and two copies of such reports shall be furnished to the Legislative Council. The State Court Administrator shall be furnished as many additional copies in print format as he or she deems necessary for the operation of the Court of Appeals and the Supreme Court.

(2) Unless otherwise directed by the Supreme Court, one copy in print format of the opinions of the Nebraska Supreme Court in pamphlet form, known as the Nebraska Advance Sheets, and one copy in print format of the opinions of the Nebraska Court of Appeals in pamphlet form, known as the Decisions of the Nebraska Court of Appeals, shall be furnished to each judge of the Supreme Court, Court of Appeals, Nebraska Workers' Compensation Court, and district, separate juvenile, and county courts, as many copies as may be requested by the members of the Legislature shall be furnished to the Clerk of the Legislature, and the State Court Administrator shall be furnished as many copies as he or she deems necessary for the operation of the Court of Appeals and the Supreme Court.

(3) The balance of the Nebraska Reports, Nebraska Appellate Reports, Nebraska Advance Sheets, and Decisions of the Nebraska Court of Appeals shall be sold as called for at such price and in such format as shall be prescribed by the Supreme Court. The money received from such sales shall be paid into the Supreme Court Reports Cash Fund which is hereby created.

(4) Upon request from any office or entity entitled to free copies of the Nebraska Reports, the Nebraska Appellate Reports, the Nebraska Advance Sheets, or the Decisions of the Nebraska Court of Appeals, the court may stop sending the publications to such office or entity until the request is withdrawn.

(5) If it is determined by the Supreme Court, pursuant to subsection (2) of section 24-212, that publication of the opinions of the Supreme Court and the Court of Appeals shall be in electronic format, as an alternative to or in addition to print format, the distribution or sale of such print or electronic opinions for purposes of this section shall be directed by the Supreme Court.

Source:Laws 1879, § 20, p. 86; Laws 1901, c. 24, § 2, p. 330; Laws 1907, c. 41, § 1, p. 179; R.S.1913, § 1147; Laws 1921, c. 213, § 1, p. 752; C.S.1922, § 1076; Laws 1923, c. 129, § 1, p. 322; C.S.1929, § 27-209; Laws 1937, c. 59, § 1, p. 236; C.S.Supp.,1941, § 27-209; R.S.1943, § 24-209; Laws 1947, c. 185, § 3, p. 611; Laws 1957, c. 210, § 1, p. 742; Laws 1961, c. 101, § 1, p. 332; Laws 1961, c. 243, § 1, p. 724; Laws 1963, c. 303, § 1, p. 897; Laws 1963, c. 129, § 1, p. 496; Laws 1971, LB 10, § 1; Laws 1972, LB 1284, § 13; Laws 1977, LB 9, § 1; Laws 1979, LB 377, § 1; Laws 1983, LB 271, § 1; Laws 1984, LB 13, § 5; Laws 1984, LB 848, § 1; Laws 1985, LB 498, § 1; Laws 1986, LB 750, § 1; Laws 1986, LB 811, § 11; Laws 1991, LB 732, § 33; Laws 1992, LB 1059, § 2; Laws 1995, LB 271, § 2; Laws 2002, LB 876, § 4;    Laws 2015, LB301, § 2.    


Annotations

24-210. Repealed. Laws 1987, LB 571, § 1.

24-211. Clerk and reporter; salaries; how fixed; duties.

(1) The Clerk of the Supreme Court shall keep his or her office at the State Capitol, be the custodian of the seal of the court, perform the duties devolving upon him or her by law, and be subject to the orders of the court. The Clerk of the Supreme Court shall receive an annual salary to be fixed by the Supreme Court.

(2) The Reporter of the Supreme Court and Court of Appeals shall keep his or her office at the State Capitol, perform the duties devolving upon him or her by law, and be subject to the orders of the court. The Reporter of the Supreme Court and Court of Appeals shall receive an annual salary to be fixed by the Supreme Court.

Source:Laws 1879, § 17, p. 85; R.S.1913, § 1144; Laws 1921, c. 103, § 1, p. 373; C.S.1922, § 1073; C.S.1929, § 27-211; R.S.1943, § 24-211; Laws 1955, c. 78, § 1, p. 233; Laws 1965, c. 109, § 1, p. 433; Laws 1991, LB 732, § 34; Laws 1995, LB 271, § 3.


Cross References

Annotations

24-211.01. Repealed. Laws 1963, c. 341, § 1.

24-211.02. Repealed. Laws 1971, LB 33, § 1.

24-211.03. Repealed. Laws 1971, LB 33, § 1.

24-212. Nebraska Reports; Nebraska Appellate Reports; preparation and publication; copyright; disposition; annotations.

(1) Except as provided in subsection (2) of this section, it shall be the duty of the Reporter of the Supreme Court and Court of Appeals to prepare the opinions of the courts for publication in advance pamphlet form as fast as they are delivered to him or her, and when sufficient material is accumulated to form a volume of not less than nine hundred pages, he or she shall cause the same to be printed and bound in a permanent manner. The reporter shall also determine, based on the number of current subscribers and the provisions of section 24-209, the number of copies in print format for each publication of advance pamphlets and bound volumes. Payments for such publications shall be made from the Supreme Court Reports Cash Fund. The copyright of each volume shall be entered by the reporter for the benefit of the state, and all papers relating thereto shall be filed and recorded in the office of the Secretary of State. The titles of the volumes shall be the Nebraska Reports and the Nebraska Appellate Reports which with the number of the volume shall be printed on the back of each volume, and the reports of every case should show the name of the judge writing the opinion, the names of the judges concurring therein, and the names of the judges, if any, dissenting from the opinion. The reporter shall also edit and arrange for publication in the statutes of Nebraska, at such times as the Revisor of Statutes may request, annotations of the decisions of the Supreme Court of Nebraska and the decisions of the Court of Appeals designated for permanent publication and transmit them to the Revisor of Statutes.

(2) In the alternative or in addition to subsection (1) of this section, the opinions of the Supreme Court and Court of Appeals may be published in electronic format in the manner and under such title designated by the Supreme Court.

Source:Laws 1879, § 19, p. 85; Laws 1901, c. 24, § 1, p. 329; R.S.1913, § 1146; C.S.1922, § 1075; Laws 1929, c. 84, § 1, p. 334; C.S.1929, § 27-212; R.S.1943, § 24-212; Laws 1967, c. 328, § 1, p. 868; Laws 1979, LB 377, § 2; Laws 1984, LB 848, § 2; Laws 1994, LB 1244, § 1; Laws 1995, LB 271, § 4; Laws 2015, LB301, § 3.    


Annotations

24-213. Repealed. Laws 1947, c. 179, § 5.

24-214. Fee book; entries; duty of clerk.

The Clerk of the Supreme Court of the State of Nebraska shall keep a book, which shall be provided by the state, and which shall be known as the Fee Book of the Clerk of the Supreme Court, and shall be a part of the records of said office, and in which shall be entered every item of fees collected by him, showing in separate columns the name of the party from whom received, the time of receiving the same, the amount received and for what service the same was charged.

Source:Laws 1909, c. 39, § 1, p. 223; R.S.1913, § 1150; Laws 1921, c. 213, § 2, p. 753; C.S.1922, § 1079; C.S.1929, § 27-214; R.S.1943, § 24-214.


24-215. Fees; quarterly payment into General Fund; transcripts for Supreme Court of United States; powers and duties of clerk.

The Clerk of the Supreme Court shall, on the first day in January, April, July, and October of each year, pay into the General Fund of the state treasury all fees of every nature and description received by him or her during the preceding three months; and the State Treasurer shall issue his or her receipt for such fees. If the clerk shall find it necessary to procure additional clerical help in preparing transcripts for use in the Supreme Court of the United States, he or she is authorized to pay for such additional help out of the fees collected for preparing such transcripts, taking proper receipts therefor; and he or she shall account for the balance of such fees as hereinbefore provided.

Source:Laws 1909, c. 39, § 2, p. 224; R.S.1913, § 1151; Laws 1921, c. 213, § 3, p. 753; C.S.1922, § 1080; C.S.1929, § 27-215; R.S.1943, § 24-215; Laws 1981, LB 545, § 5.


24-216. Fees; neglect or fraud in report; penalty.

If the Clerk of the Supreme Court shall omit to comply with the provisions of sections 24-214 and 24-215, or shall fail or neglect to keep a correct account of the fees by him received, or shall fail or neglect to make a report to the Governor of the state as herein provided by law, with intent to evade the provisions of said sections, he shall be guilty of a Class V misdemeanor. If he shall intentionally make a false report under oath, he shall be guilty of perjury and shall, upon conviction thereof, be punished as provided in section 28-915.

Source:Laws 1909, c. 39, § 3, p. 224; R.S.1913, § 1152; Laws 1921, c. 213, § 4, p. 754; C.S.1922, § 1081; C.S.1929, § 27-216; R.S.1943, § 24-216; Laws 1977, LB 40, § 99; Laws 1978, LB 748, § 3.


24-217. Supreme Court; bailiffs.

The court may also appoint not to exceed two bailiffs, who shall have power to serve any process issuing out of said court in the exercise of its original jurisdiction, and shall receive for such services the same fees as sheriffs for similar services.

Source:Laws 1879, § 22, p. 87; R.S.1913, § 1149; Laws 1919, c. 13, § 1, p. 73; Laws 1921, c. 213, § 1-A, p. 753; C.S.1922, § 1078; C.S.1929, § 27-230; R.S.1943, § 24-217.


Cross References

24-218. Chief Justice; purchase liability insurance; for whom.

The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, or the State Court Administrator acting on his or her behalf, shall have the authority to purchase and maintain insurance on behalf of any judge, officer, or employee of any court in this state against any liability asserted against him or her and incurred by him or her in any such capacity or arising out of his or her status as such, whether or not the state would have the power to indemnify the individual against such liability under any other provision of law.

Source:Laws 1981, LB 472, § 2.


24-219. Supreme Court; answer questions of law; when.

The Supreme Court may answer questions of law certified to it by the Supreme Court of the United States, a Court of Appeals of the United States, or a United States District Court, when requested by the certifying court, if there are involved in any proceeding before it questions of law of this state which may be determinative of the cause then pending in the certifying court as to which it appears to the certifying court there is no controlling precedent in the decisions of the Supreme Court of this state. Such request shall not obligate the Supreme Court to accept such request for certification and the Supreme Court may, in its absolute discretion, accept or reject such request for certification as it shall in each case determine.

Source:Laws 1982, LB 724, § 1.


Annotations

24-220. Certification request; how invoked.

Sections 24-219 to 24-225 may be invoked by a written request of any of the courts referred to in section 24-219 upon such court's own motion, or upon the motion to that court of any attorney involved.

Source:Laws 1982, LB 724, § 2.


24-221. Certification request; contents.

A certification request shall set forth (1) the questions of law to be answered and (2) a statement of all facts relevant to the questions certified and showing fully the nature of the controversy in which the questions arose.

Source:Laws 1982, LB 724, § 3.


Annotations

24-222. Certification request; requirements; acceptance.

The certification request shall be prepared by the certifying court, signed by the judge presiding at the hearing, and forwarded to the Supreme Court by the clerk of the certifying court under its official seal. The Supreme Court may require the original or copies of all or any portion of the record before the certifying court to be filed with the certification order if, in the opinion of the Supreme Court, the record or portion thereof may be necessary in answering the questions. The Supreme Court shall determine whether to accept the certification request within sixty days following receipt by the court of the request. If the court fails to act on the request within sixty days of receipt, the request shall be deemed rejected.

Source:Laws 1982, LB 724, § 4.


24-223. Certification request; fees and costs.

Fees and costs shall be the same as in civil appeals docketed with the Supreme Court.

Source:Laws 1982, LB 724, § 5.


Cross References

24-224. Certification request; Supreme Court; duties.

If a certification request made pursuant to section 24-222 is accepted by the Supreme Court, it shall promptly notify the requesting court in writing of such fact and the proceedings shall thereafter be as provided by the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court shall provide an expedited briefing and hearing process so that resolution of the accepted question may be promptly determined and justice not delayed.

Source:Laws 1982, LB 724, § 6.


24-225. Certification request; Supreme Court opinion; delivery.

The written opinion of the Supreme Court stating the law governing the questions certified shall be sent by the clerk under the seal of the Supreme Court to the certifying court and to the parties.

Source:Laws 1982, LB 724, § 7.


24-226. Use of electronic research capabilities; authorized; payment.

The Supreme Court may authorize, for judges of the district court and judges of the county court, the use of electronic research capabilities available on the state computer network. All costs and expenses related to such use shall be paid by the Supreme Court.

Source:Laws 1992, LB 1059, § 1.


24-227. Repealed. Laws 1997, LB 216, § 3.

24-227.01. Supreme Court Automation Cash Fund; created; use; investment.

The Supreme Court Automation Cash Fund is created. The State Court Administrator shall administer the fund. The fund shall only be used to support automation expenses of the Supreme Court, Court of Appeals, district courts, separate juvenile courts, county courts, and Nebraska Probation System from the computer automation budget program.

On July 1, 2014, or as soon thereafter as administratively possible, the State Treasurer shall transfer six hundred thousand dollars from the Supreme Court Automation Cash Fund to the Nebraska Retirement Fund for Judges as an offset to the increase in the state's contribution to the Nebraska Judges Retirement System.

Any money in the Supreme Court Automation Cash Fund available for investment shall be invested by the state investment officer pursuant to the Nebraska Capital Expansion Act and the Nebraska State Funds Investment Act.

Source:Laws 2002, Second Spec. Sess., LB 13, § 1;    Laws 2009, First Spec. Sess., LB3, § 10;    Laws 2011, LB378, § 17;    Laws 2014, LB906, § 14.    


Cross References

24-228. Assumption of district court expenses; when.

The Supreme Court shall assume as expenses the cost of word processing and data processing hardware and software involved in the operation of the district courts if those costs are for services provided on equipment owned by the State of Nebraska and the services have been approved by the State Court Administrator.

Source:Laws 1993, LB 832, § 3; Laws 1997, LB 216, § 1.


24-229. Counsel for Discipline Cash Fund; created; use; investment.

The Counsel for Discipline Cash Fund is created. The fund shall be established within the Supreme Court and administered by the State Court Administrator. The fund shall consist of a portion of the annual membership dues assessed by the Nebraska State Bar Association and remitted to the Supreme Court for credit to the fund. Except as otherwise directed by the Supreme Court during the period from November 21, 2009, until June 30, 2011, the fund shall only be used to pay the costs associated with the operation of the Office of the Counsel for Discipline. Any money in the fund available for investment shall be invested by the state investment officer pursuant to the Nebraska Capital Expansion Act and the Nebraska State Funds Investment Act.

Source:Laws 2007, LB322, § 1;    Laws 2009, First Spec. Sess., LB3, § 11.    


Cross References

24-230. Judicial hearing officer; appointment by Supreme Court; powers; qualifications; rights of parties.

(1) The Supreme Court may appoint judicial hearing officers as needed to serve on a full-time or part-time basis for county courts sitting as juvenile courts and for separate juvenile courts. A judicial hearing officer is entitled to receive a salary as established by the Supreme Court.

(2) In accordance with the rules of the Supreme Court, a judicial hearing officer may preside in, hear, and determine any case or proceeding initiated under the Nebraska Juvenile Code.

(3) To be qualified for appointment as a judicial hearing officer, a person shall be an attorney in good standing admitted to the practice of law in the State of Nebraska and shall meet any other requirements imposed by the Supreme Court. A judicial hearing officer shall be sworn or affirmed to faithfully hear and examine the cause and to make a just and true report according to the best of his or her understanding. The oath or affirmation may be administered by any judge of the State of Nebraska. A judicial hearing officer may be removed at any time by the Supreme Court.

(4) In any and all cases referred to a judicial hearing officer by a county court sitting as a juvenile court or a separate juvenile court, the parties shall have the right to take exceptions to the findings and recommendations made by the hearing officer and to have a further hearing before such court for final disposition. The court upon receipt of the findings, recommendations, and exceptions shall review the judicial hearing officer's report and may accept or reject all or any part of the report and enter judgment based on the court's own determination.

(5) The Supreme Court shall promulgate rules for all other qualifications of judicial hearing officers; for the extent of authority which may be assigned and the procedure for assignment of authority by a county court sitting as a juvenile court or a separate juvenile court; for practice and procedure before such judicial hearing officers; and for the training of judicial hearing officers, including rules for training sessions and continuing education requirements.

Source:Laws 2011, LB669, § 6.    


Cross References

24-231. Supreme Court Attorney Services Cash Fund; created; use; investment.

The Supreme Court Attorney Services Cash Fund is created. The fund shall be under the control of the Supreme Court and administered by the State Court Administrator. The fund shall consist of mandatory assessments and fees, grants, donations, and gifts. The fund shall be used for expenses related to regulation of the practice of law in Nebraska. Any money in the fund available for investment shall be invested by the state investment officer pursuant to the Nebraska Capital Expansion Act and the Nebraska State Funds Investment Act. Interest earned shall be credited back to the fund.

Source:Laws 2015, LB194, § 1.    


Cross References

24-301. District judge; eligibility.

No person shall be eligible to the office of district judge in any district unless he or she:

(1) Is at least thirty years of age;

(2) Is a citizen of the United States;

(3) Has been engaged in the practice of law in the State of Nebraska for at least five years, which may include prior service as a judge;

(4) Is currently admitted to practice before the Nebraska Supreme Court; and

(5) Is, on the effective date of appointment, a resident of the district to be served, and remains a resident of such district during the period of service.

This section and sections 24-202, 24-505.01, 43-2,118, 48-153, and 48-153.01 shall not apply to a person serving as a district judge on August 24, 1979, who continues to serve as a district judge after such effective date.

Source:Laws 1879, § 23, p. 87; R.S.1913, § 1160; C.S.1922, § 1083; C.S.1929, § 27-301; R.S.1943, § 24-301; Laws 1979, LB 237, § 2.


24-301.01. District judge; judge of separate juvenile court; salary.

As soon as the same may be legally paid under the Constitution of Nebraska, each judge of the district court and each judge of a separate juvenile court shall be paid a salary of thirty-nine thousand five hundred dollars per annum. On January 8, 1981, the salary shall be increased to an amount equal to six percent over the base salary. For the purposes of this section base salary shall mean the amount derived by increasing thirty-nine thousand five hundred dollars by six percent. On January 6, 1983, and thereafter the salary paid shall be an amount equal to ninety-two and one-half percent of the salary set for the Chief Justice and judges of the Supreme Court. Such salary shall be payable in equal installments.

Source:Laws 1945, c. 58, § 1, p. 251; Laws 1947, c. 345, § 3, p. 1090; Laws 1951, c. 58, § 2, p. 191; Laws 1955, c. 77, § 2, p. 232; Laws 1959, c. 93, § 2, p. 406; Laws 1963, c. 127, § 2, p. 480; Laws 1965, c. 110, § 1, p. 434; Laws 1965, c. 116, § 1, p. 446; Laws 1967, c. 136, § 2, p. 422; Laws 1969, c. 174, § 2, p. 755; Laws 1972, LB 1293, § 2; Laws 1974, LB 923, § 2; Laws 1976, LB 76, § 2; Laws 1978, LB 672, § 2; Laws 1979, LB 398, § 2; Laws 1981, LB 111, § 1.


Cross References

Annotations

24-301.02. District court judicial districts; described; number of judges.

The State of Nebraska shall be divided into the following twelve district court judicial districts:

District No. 1 shall contain the counties of Clay, Nuckolls, Saline, Jefferson, Gage, Thayer, Johnson, Pawnee, Nemaha, Fillmore, and Richardson;

District No. 2 shall contain the counties of Sarpy, Cass, and Otoe;

District No. 3 shall contain the county of Lancaster;

District No. 4 shall contain the county of Douglas;

District No. 5 shall contain the counties of Merrick, Platte, Colfax, Boone, Nance, Hamilton, Polk, York, Butler, Seward, and Saunders;

District No. 6 shall contain the counties of Dixon, Dakota, Cedar, Burt, Thurston, Dodge, and Washington;

District No. 7 shall contain the counties of Knox, Cuming, Antelope, Pierce, Wayne, Madison, and Stanton;

District No. 8 shall contain the counties of Cherry, Keya Paha, Brown, Rock, Blaine, Loup, Custer, Boyd, Holt, Garfield, Wheeler, Valley, Greeley, Sherman, and Howard;

District No. 9 shall contain the counties of Buffalo and Hall;

District No. 10 shall contain the counties of Adams, Phelps, Kearney, Harlan, Franklin, and Webster;

District No. 11 shall contain the counties of Hooker, Thomas, Arthur, McPherson, Logan, Keith, Perkins, Lincoln, Dawson, Chase, Hayes, Frontier, Gosper, Dundy, Hitchcock, Red Willow, and Furnas; and

District No. 12 shall contain the counties of Sioux, Dawes, Box Butte, Sheridan, Scotts Bluff, Morrill, Garden, Banner, Kimball, Cheyenne, Grant, and Deuel.

In the fourth district there shall be sixteen judges of the district court. In the third district, until June 30, 2011, there shall be seven judges of the district court and, beginning July 1, 2011, there shall be eight judges of the district court. In the second, fifth, ninth, eleventh, and twelfth districts there shall be four judges of the district court. In the first and sixth districts there shall be three judges of the district court. In the seventh, eighth, and tenth districts there shall be two judges of the district court.

Source:Laws 1911, c. 5, § 1, p. 70; Laws 1913, c. 203, § 1, p. 623; R.S.1913, § 217; Laws 1915, c. 12, § 1, p. 64; Laws 1917, c. 3, § 1, p. 55; Laws 1919, c. 114, § 1, p. 278; Laws 1921, c. 146, § 1, p. 620; C.S.1922, § 199; Laws 1923, c. 119, § 1, p. 283; C.S.1929, § 5-103; R.S.1943, § 5-105; Laws 1961, c. 11, § 1, p. 99; Laws 1963, c. 24, § 1, p. 125; Laws 1965, c. 23, § 1, p. 186; Laws 1965, c. 24, § 1, p. 189; Laws 1969, c. 27, § 1, p. 229; Laws 1972, LB 1301, § 1; Laws 1975, LB 1, § 1; Laws 1980, LB 618, § 1; Laws 1983, LB 121, § 1; Laws 1985, LB 287, § 1; Laws 1986, LB 516, § 1; R.S.1943, (1987), § 5-105; Laws 1990, LB 822, § 10; Laws 1991, LB 181, § 1; Laws 1992, LB 1059, § 3; Laws 1993, LB 306, § 1; Laws 1995, LB 19, § 1; Laws 1995, LB 189, § 2; Laws 1998, LB 404, § 1; Laws 2001, LB 92, § 1;    Laws 2004, LB 1207, § 1;    Laws 2007, LB377, § 2;    Laws 2009, LB35, § 4.    


Cross References

Annotations

24-301.03. Repealed. Laws 1959, c. 266, § 1.

24-301.04. Repealed. Laws 1959, c. 266, § 1.

24-301.05. Repealed. Laws 1961, c. 286, § 1.

24-301.06. Repealed. Laws 1990, LB 822, § 40.

24-301.07. Repealed. Laws 1971, LB 33, § 1.

24-302. Jurisdiction.

The district courts shall have and exercise general, original and appellate jurisdiction in all matters, both civil and criminal, except where otherwise provided.

Source:Laws 1879, § 24, p. 87; R.S.1913, § 1161; C.S.1922, § 1084; C.S.1929, § 27-302; R.S.1943, § 24-302.


Annotations

24-302.01. Transferred to section 25-2706.

24-303. Terms of court; when fixed; where held; assignment of judges by Supreme Court; telephonic or videoconference hearing; authorized.

(1) The judges of the district court shall, the last two months in each year, fix the time of holding terms of court in the counties composing their respective districts during the ensuing year, and cause the same to be published throughout the district, if the same can be done without expense. All jury terms of the district court shall be held at the county seat in the courthouse, or other place provided by the county board, but nothing herein contained shall preclude the district court, or a judge thereof, from rendering a judgment or other final order or from directing the entry thereof in any cause, in any county other than where such cause is pending, where the trial or hearing upon which such judgment or other final order is rendered took place in the county in which such cause is pending. Terms of court may be held at the same time in different counties in the same judicial district, by the judge of the district court thereof, if there be more than one, and upon request of the judge or judges of such court, any term in such district may be held by a judge of the district court of any other district of the state. The Supreme Court may order the assignment of judges of the district court to other districts whenever it shall appear that their services are needed to relieve a congested calendar or to adjust judicial case loads, or on account of the disqualification, absence, disability, or death of a judge, or for other adequate cause. When necessary, a term of the district court sitting in any county may be continued into and held during the time fixed for holding such court in any other county within the district, or may be adjourned and held beyond such time.

(2) All nonevidentiary hearings, and any evidentiary hearings approved by the district court and by stipulation of all parties that have filed an appearance, may be heard by the court telephonically or by videoconferencing or similar equipment at any location within the judicial district as ordered by the court and in a manner that ensures the preservation of an accurate record. Such hearings shall not include trials before a jury. Hearings conducted in this manner shall be consistent with the public's access to the courts.

Source:Laws 1879, § 42, p. 91; Laws 1885, c. 45, § 1, p. 242; R.S.1913, § 1162; C.S.1922, § 1085; C.S.1929, § 27-303; Laws 1935, c. 58, § 1, p. 213; C.S.Supp.,1941, § 27-303; R.S.1943, § 24-303; Laws 1955, c. 79, § 1, p. 235; Laws 1961, c. 102, § 1, p. 333; Laws 2008, LB1014, § 1.    


Annotations

24-304. Terms of court, special.

A special term may be ordered and held by the district judge in any county in his district, for the transaction of any business, if he deem it necessary. In ordering a special term he shall direct whether a grand or petit jury, or both, shall be summoned.

Source:Laws 1879, § 25, p. 87; R.S.1913, § 1163; C.S.1922, § 1086; C.S.1929, § 27-304; R.S.1943, § 24-304.


Annotations

24-305. Absence of judge; adjournment from day to day.

If the judge does not appear on the day appointed for holding the court, the clerk shall make an entry thereof in his record and adjourn the court until the next day, and so on until the fourth day, unless the judge appears.

Source:Laws 1879, § 29, p. 88; R.S.1913, § 1164; C.S.1922, § 1087; C.S.1929, § 27-305; R.S.1943, § 24-305.


24-306. Absence of judge; adjournment until next regular term.

If the judge does not appear by 5 p.m. in the afternoon of the fourth day, the court shall stand adjourned until the next regular term.

Source:Laws 1879, § 30, p. 88; R.S.1913, § 1165; C.S.1922, § 1088; C.S.1929, § 27-306; R.S.1943, § 24-306.


Annotations

24-307. Absence of judge; adjournment by written order.

If the judge be sick, or for any other sufficient cause is unable to attend court at the regularly appointed time, he may, by a written order, direct an adjournment to a particular day therein specified, and the clerk shall, on the first day of the term, or as soon thereafter as he received the order, adjourn the court as therein directed.

Source:Laws 1879, § 31, p. 88; R.S.1913, § 1166; C.S.1922, § 1089; C.S.1929, § 27-307; R.S.1943, § 24-307.


Annotations

24-308. Failure of term; pending proceedings continued.

No recognizance, or other instrument or proceeding, shall be rendered invalid by reason of there being a failure of the term, but all proceedings pending in court shall be continued to the next regular or special term, unless an adjournment be made as authorized in section 24-307.

Source:Laws 1879, § 32, p. 88; R.S.1913, § 1167; C.S.1922, § 1090; C.S.1929, § 27-308; R.S.1943, § 24-308.


Annotations

24-309. Failure of term; persons recognized; sureties; liability.

In case of such continuances or adjournments, persons recognized or bound to appear at the regular term, which has failed as aforesaid, shall be held bound in like manner, to appear at the time so fixed, and their sureties, if any, shall be liable, in case of their nonappearance, in the same manner as though the term had been held at the regular time, and they had failed to make their appearance thereat.

Source:Laws 1879, § 33, p. 89; R.S.1913, § 1168; C.S.1922, § 1091; C.S.1929, § 27-309; R.S.1943, § 24-309.


Annotations

24-310. Final adjournment; effect.

Upon any final adjournment of the court, all business not otherwise disposed of shall stand continued generally.

Source:Laws 1879, § 34, p. 89; R.S.1913, § 1169; C.S.1922, § 1092; C.S.1929, § 27-310; R.S.1943, § 24-310.


Annotations

24-311. Transferred to section 24-1001.

24-312. District judges; interchange; appointment of county judge to act; when; effect; reassignment of cases.

(1) The district judges may interchange and hold each other's court. Whenever it shall appear by affidavit, to the satisfaction of any district judge in the state, that the judge of any other district is unable to act, on account of sickness, interest, or absence from the district or from any other cause, the judge to whom application may be made shall have power to make any order or do any act relative to any suit, judicial matter, or proceeding or to any special matter arising within the district where such vacancy or disability exists which the judge of such district court could make or do. The order or act shall have the same effect as if made or done by the judge of such district.

(2) A district judge may appoint by order a consenting county judge residing in the district to act as a district judge in specific instances on any matter over which the district court has determined that it has jurisdiction over the parties and subject matter, except appeals from the county court. The appointed county judge shall have power to make any order or do any act relative to any suit, judicial matter, or proceeding or to any special matter which the district judge of such district could make or do if (a) all parties have consented to the appointment or (b) no party has objected to the appointment within ten days after service of the order of appointment upon him or her, except that in any domestic relations matter as defined in section 25-2740 or Class IV felony case, consent shall not be required and a party shall not have the right to object to the appointment of a county judge to act as a district judge. Any order or act by the county judge after appointment shall have the same effect as if made or done by the district judge of such district. A copy of the order of appointment shall be filed in each action in which a county judge acts as a district judge.

(3) In an effort to more efficiently administer the caseload, the presiding judges of the district court and county court in each judicial district may assign between the courts cases involving domestic relations matters as defined in section 25-2740 and Class IV felony cases. The presiding judges shall annually review the caseload of the two benches and determine whether to reassign cases involving domestic relations matters as defined in section 25-2740 and Class IV felony cases. The consent of the parties shall not be required for such cases, and such cases shall remain filed in the court where they were originally filed. The annual plan on the case assignments shall be sent to the Supreme Court, and if the presiding judges cannot agree on a plan, the matter shall be forwarded to the Supreme Court for resolution.

Source:Laws 1879, § 26, p. 87; R.S.1913, § 1171; C.S.1922, § 1094; C.S.1929, § 27-312; R.S.1943, § 24-312; Laws 1986, LB 516, § 2; Laws 1996, LB 1296, § 1; Laws 2008, LB1014, § 2.    


Annotations

24-313. Inferior tribunal; powers over.

The district court may by rule compel an inferior court or board to allow an appeal or to make or amend records according to law either by correcting an evident mistake or supplying an evident omission. This section shall not apply if the Administrative Procedure Act otherwise provides.

Source:Laws 1879, § 28, p. 88; R.S.1913, § 1172; C.S.1922, § 1095; C.S.1929, § 27-313; R.S.1943, § 24-313; Laws 1988, LB 352, § 23; Laws 1989, LB 182, § 7; Laws 2010, LB800, § 1.    


Cross References

Annotations

24-314. Transferred to section 24-1002.

24-315. Transferred to section 24-739.

24-316. Repealed. Laws 1959, c. 108, § 2.

24-317. Transferred to section 24-734.

24-318. Offenses at trial; order to investigate; order to prosecute; duty of county attorney.

Every judge of the district court, when it appears that any offense has been committed in connection with the trial of any cause, shall direct the county attorney to make a complete investigation, and to report to the judge fully and expeditiously the result of that investigation. If convinced that the interests of justice require, the judge shall direct that such report be made in writing and filed with the clerk of the district court and by him made a part of the records of the court. If the judge is satisfied that further action should be taken, he shall direct the county attorney to prosecute the party or parties who appear to have committed the offense, and it shall be the duty of the county attorney thereupon to proceed promptly with such prosecution. The county attorney in such proceedings may file an information verified on information and belief; Provided, where the judge is himself satisfied from what has occurred in the trial that a prosecution should be instituted, it shall be his duty to promptly order it without waiting for an investigation by the county attorney.

Source:Laws 1915, c. 246, § 1, p. 566; C.S.1922, § 1115; C.S.1929, § 27-318; R.S.1943, § 24-318.


24-319. Transferred to section 25-21,201.

24-320. Transferred to section 25-21,202.

24-321. Transferred to section 25-21,203.

24-322. Transferred to section 25-21,204.

24-323. Transferred to section 25-21,205.

24-324. Transferred to section 25-21,206.

24-325. Transferred to section 25-21,207.

24-326. Transferred to section 25-21,208.

24-327. Transferred to section 25-21,209.

24-328. Transferred to section 25-21,210.

24-329. Transferred to section 25-21,211.

24-330. Transferred to section 25-21,212.

24-331. Transferred to section 25-21,213.

24-332. Transferred to section 25-21,214.

24-333. Transferred to section 25-21,215.

24-334. Transferred to section 25-21,216.

24-335. Transferred to section 25-21,217.

24-336. Transferred to section 25-21,218.

24-337. Clerk of district court; duty to record proceedings; when made up and signed.

The clerk of each district court shall keep a record of the proceedings of the court, under the direction of the judge. The proceedings, including those of the last day of the session, shall be made up and signed by the judge before the final order of adjournment is made.

Source:Laws 1879, § 27, p. 88; R.S.1913, § 1193; C.S.1922, § 1116; C.S.1929, § 27-334; R.S.1943, § 24-337.


Cross References

Annotations

24-337.01. Clerk of the district court; assist clerk of county court; agreement; contents.

When the clerk of the county court or the county court staff are temporarily unavailable or available on less than a full-time basis, the clerk of the district court shall, under the direction of the county court judge and in cooperation and agreement with the Supreme Court and State Court Administrator, assist the clerk of the county court in the provision of county court services which would otherwise require the presence of county court staff. Any agreement entered into under this section must be signed and stipulated to by the State Court Administrator, the county board, and the clerk of the district court after obtaining input from the clerk of the county court, a district court judge, a county court judge, and the county attorney. Any agreement entered into under this section may include, but is not limited to, financial considerations and scheduling.

Source:Laws 2011, LB669, § 5.    


24-337.02. Transferred to section 24-1005.

24-337.03. Transferred to section 25-2214.01.

24-337.04. Clerk of district court; residency.

A clerk of the district court elected after 2008 need not be a resident of the county when he or she files for election as clerk of the district court, but a clerk of the district court shall reside in a county for which he or she holds office.

Source:Laws 2009, LB7, § 1.    


24-338. Repealed. Laws 1974, LB 647, § 5.

24-339. Repealed. Laws 1974, LB 647, § 5.

24-339.01. Repealed. Laws 1974, LB 647, § 5.

24-339.02. Repealed. Laws 1953, c. 65, § 3.

24-339.03. Repealed. Laws 1959, c. 266, § 1.

24-339.04. Repealed. Laws 1961, c. 286, § 1.

24-339.05. Repealed. Laws 1974, LB 647, § 5.

24-339.06. Repealed. Laws 1971, LB 33, § 1.

24-340. Repealed. Laws 1974, LB 647, § 5.

24-341. Repealed. Laws 1974, LB 647, § 5.

24-342. Transferred to section 25-1140.09.

24-342.01. Transferred to section 24-1004.

24-342.02. Transferred to section 24-1003.

24-343. Repealed. Laws 1974, LB 647, § 5.

24-344. Repealed. Laws 1974, LB 647, § 5.

24-345. Funds uncalled for; payment to State Treasurer; clerk's liability discharged.

All money, other than witness fees, fines, penalties, forfeitures and license money, that comes into the possession of the clerk of the district court for any county in the State of Nebraska by virtue of his or her office and remains in the custody of the clerk of the district court, uncalled for by the party or parties entitled to the money for a period of three years following the close of litigation in relation to the money, shall be remitted by the clerk of the district court to the State Treasurer on the first Tuesday in January, April, July, or October, respectively, following the expiration of the three-year period, for deposit in a separate trust fund pursuant to section 69-1317. Such payment shall release the bond of the clerk of the district court making such payment from all liability for the money so paid in compliance with this section.

Source:Laws 1933, c. 33, § 1, p. 214; C.S.Supp.,1941, § 27-342; R.S.1943, § 24-345; Laws 1980, LB 572, § 1; Laws 1992, Third Spec. Sess., LB 26, § 1.


Cross References

24-346. Repealed. Laws 1980, LB 572, § 4.

24-347. Repealed. Laws 1980, LB 572, § 4.

24-348. Funds uncalled for; receipt; record.

The State Treasurer shall give the clerk of the district court a receipt for each sum paid by the clerk to the State Treasurer under the provisions of sections 24-345 to 24-349, which receipt shall specify, among other things, the amount paid, and the title and appearance docket and number of the given case or proceeding. The clerk of the district court shall keep a record in his or her office, in connection with the given case or proceeding, of the date and amount of any money paid by him or her to the State Treasurer under the provisions of said sections.

Source:Laws 1933, c. 33, § 4, p. 216; C.S.Supp.,1941, § 27-345; R.S.1943, § 24-348; Laws 1980, LB 572, § 2.


24-349. Sections, how construed.

Nothing in sections 24-345 to 24-349 shall be taken to modify or amend any existing statute relating to witness fees, fines, penalties, forfeitures or license money.

Source:Laws 1933, c. 33, § 5, p. 216; C.S.Supp.,1941, § 27-346; R.S.1943, § 24-349.


24-350. Bailiff; term; compensation.

The judge of the district court may, if the business of the court requires, appoint a bailiff or bailiffs. In counties having more than sixty thousand inhabitants, bailiffs shall be appointed and shall hold office for a term of one year unless sooner removed by the appointing judge. In counties having not more than sixty thousand inhabitants, the appointment shall continue only so long as is necessary. Bailiffs shall receive for their services either (a) an annual salary in an amount to be fixed by the county board, payable in monthly installments from the county general fund, or (b) a per diem in an amount to be fixed by the county board, payable monthly from the county general fund.

Source:R.S.1866, c. 19, § 32, p. 171; Laws 1895, c. 36, § 1, p. 165; Laws 1909, c. 59, § 1, p. 289; R.S.1913, § 2431; Laws 1919, c. 12, § 1, p. 72; C.S.1922, § 2371; Laws 1927, c. 119, § 1, p. 332; C.S.1929, § 33-110; Laws 1943, c. 90, § 17, p. 304; R.S.1943, § 33-107; Laws 1945, c. 73, § 1, p. 275; Laws 1959, c. 141, § 1, p. 548; Laws 1961, c. 158, § 1, p. 481; Laws 1969, c. 269, § 1, p. 1033; Laws 1975, LB 277, § 1; R.S.1943, (1988), § 33-107; Laws 1989, LB 4, § 4.


Cross References

Annotations

24-351. Repealed. Laws 1991, LB 732, § 160.

24-352. Repealed. Laws 1991, LB 732, § 160.

24-353. Repealed. Laws 1991, LB 732, § 160.

24-354. Repealed. Laws 1991, LB 732, § 160.

24-401. Clerk of Supreme Court; clerks of district and county courts; deputies.

The Clerk of the Supreme Court and of the several district and county courts in this state shall have power to appoint deputies. Each of such deputies shall be sworn to faithfully perform the duties of his or her office before entering upon such duties.

Source:Laws 1879, § 43, p. 91; Laws 1905, c. 58, § 1, p. 304; Laws 1913, c. 173, § 1, p. 534; R.S.1913, § 1194; Laws 1917, c. 23, § 1, p. 88; Laws 1919, c. 77, § 1, p. 198; Laws 1921, c. 101, § 1, p. 370; C.S.1922, § 1117; C.S.1929, § 27-401; R.S.1943, § 24-401; Laws 1943, c. 90, § 13, p. 302; Laws 2008, LB775, § 1.    


Cross References

Annotations

24-402. Clerk; liability for acts of deputy.

Every clerk appointing a deputy under the provisions of section 24-401 shall be liable for all the official acts of said deputy clerk.

Source:Laws 1879, § 44, p. 92; R.S.1913, § 1195; C.S.1922, § 1118; C.S.1929, § 27-402; R.S.1943, § 24-402.


24-403. District and county court clerks; deputies; acknowledgments; validity.

Deputy clerks of the district and county courts in this state are authorized to take acknowledgments of deeds and other instruments in writing in the name of their principals, and the acknowledgments shall be as legal and as valid as if taken by their principals.

Source:Laws 1870, § 1, p. 17; R.S.1913, § 5743; C.S.1922, § 5072; C.S.1929, § 84-809; R.S.1943, § 84-809; R.S.1943, § 84-809; R.S.1943, (1987), § 84-809; Laws 1990, LB 821, § 37.


24-501. Legislative intent.

It is the intent of the Legislature to provide a unified system of county courts for the state by combining the functions of county courts, justice of the peace courts, and police magistrate courts and to provide jurisdiction and procedure for the county courts that will effectively, efficiently, and economically meet the needs of the people of the State of Nebraska and of all other persons who may have business before the county courts.

Source:Laws 1972, LB 1032, § 1; Laws 1984, LB 13, § 6; Laws 1990, LB 822, § 11.


24-502. Court of record; location.

There shall be a county court in and for each county in this state. The county court shall be a court of record and shall be located at the county seat.

Source:Laws 1972, LB 1032, § 2; Laws 1990, LB 822, § 12; Laws 2011, LB669, § 2.    


24-503. County judge districts; created; number of judges; membership.

For the purpose of serving the county courts in each county, twelve county judge districts are hereby created:

District No. 1 shall contain the counties of Saline, Jefferson, Gage, Thayer, Johnson, Pawnee, Nemaha, and Richardson;

District No. 2 shall contain the counties of Sarpy, Cass, and Otoe;

District No. 3 shall contain the county of Lancaster;

District No. 4 shall contain the county of Douglas;

District No. 5 shall contain the counties of Merrick, Platte, Colfax, Boone, Nance, Hamilton, Polk, York, Butler, Seward, and Saunders;

District No. 6 shall contain the counties of Dixon, Dakota, Cedar, Burt, Thurston, Dodge, and Washington;

District No. 7 shall contain the counties of Knox, Cuming, Antelope, Pierce, Wayne, Madison, and Stanton;

District No. 8 shall contain the counties of Cherry, Keya Paha, Brown, Rock, Blaine, Loup, Custer, Boyd, Holt, Garfield, Wheeler, Valley, Greeley, Sherman, and Howard;

District No. 9 shall contain the counties of Buffalo and Hall;

District No. 10 shall contain the counties of Fillmore, Adams, Clay, Phelps, Kearney, Harlan, Franklin, Webster, and Nuckolls;

District No. 11 shall contain the counties of Hooker, Thomas, Arthur, McPherson, Logan, Keith, Perkins, Lincoln, Dawson, Chase, Hayes, Frontier, Gosper, Dundy, Hitchcock, Red Willow, and Furnas; and

District No. 12 shall contain the counties of Sioux, Dawes, Box Butte, Sheridan, Scotts Bluff, Morrill, Garden, Banner, Kimball, Cheyenne, Grant, and Deuel.

District 4 shall have twelve county judges. District 3 shall have seven county judges. Districts 5, 11, and 12 shall have five county judges. Districts 2, 6, and 9 shall have four county judges. Districts 1, 7, 8, and 10 shall have three county judges.

Judge of the county court shall include any person appointed to the office of county judge or municipal judge prior to July 1, 1985, pursuant to Article V, section 21, of the Constitution of Nebraska.

Any person serving as a municipal judge in district 3 or 4 immediately prior to July 1, 1985, shall be a judge of the county court and shall be empowered to hear only those cases as provided in section 24-517 which the presiding judge of the county court for such district, with the concurrence of the Supreme Court, shall direct.

Source:Laws 1972, LB 1032, § 3; Laws 1974, LB 785, § 1; Laws 1980, LB 618, § 2; Laws 1984, LB 13, § 7; Laws 1985, LB 287, § 2; Laws 1986, LB 516, § 3; Laws 1987, LB 509, § 1; Laws 1990, LB 822, § 13; Laws 1991, LB 181, § 2; Laws 1992, LB 1059, § 4; Laws 1993, LB 306, § 2; Laws 1998, LB 404, § 2; Laws 2007, LB377, § 3;    Laws 2012, LB790, § 1.    


24-504. Repealed. Laws 1977, LB 5, § 2.

24-505. Repealed. Laws 1979, LB 237, § 8.

24-505.01. County judge; eligibility.

No person shall be eligible for the office of county judge unless he or she:

(1) Is at least thirty years of age;

(2) Is a citizen of the United States;

(3) Has been engaged in the practice of law in the State of Nebraska for at least five years, which may include prior service as a judge;

(4) Is currently admitted to practice before the Nebraska Supreme Court; and

(5) Is, on the effective date of appointment, a resident of the county court district to be served, and remains a resident of such district during the period of service.

This section and sections 24-202, 24-301, 43-2,118, 48-153, and 48-153.01 shall not apply to a person serving as a county judge on August 24, 1979, who continues to serve as a county judge after such effective date.

Source:Laws 1979, LB 237, § 7.


24-506. Presiding judge; selection; departments.

In districts with more than one judge of the county court, the judges shall annually select one of their number as presiding judge and may establish such departments within the court as they deem necessary for determining particular classes of cases.

Source:Laws 1972, LB 1032, § 6; Laws 1984, LB 13, § 8.


Cross References

24-507. Clerk magistrates; appointment; serve as clerk of court; assist clerk of district court; agreement; contents; ex officio clerk of the district court; when.

(1) There shall be appointed a clerk magistrate to serve each county. Clerk magistrates shall be appointed by the county judge, or judges if the district has more than one county judge, and shall serve at the pleasure of the county judge or judges, subject to personnel rules adopted by the Supreme Court.

(2) The clerk magistrate shall be the clerk of the county court and if appointed as clerk magistrate for more than one county shall be the clerk of the county court for each county.

(3) In counties when the district court clerk or staff is temporarily unavailable, the clerk magistrate as clerk of the county court shall, under the direction of the district court judge and in cooperation and agreement with the Supreme Court, State Court Administrator, and clerk of the district court, assist the clerk of the district court in the provision of district court services which would otherwise require the presence of district court staff. Any agreement entered into under this subsection must be signed and stipulated to by the State Court Administrator, the county board, and the clerk of the district court after obtaining input from the clerk of the county court, a district court judge, a county court judge, and the county attorney. Any agreement entered into under this subsection may include, but is not limited to, financial considerations and scheduling.

(4) When an agreement has been reached pursuant to subdivision (1)(b) of section 32-524 or subsection (3) of section 32-524 for a clerk magistrate as clerk of the county court to be ex officio clerk of the district court, the clerk magistrate shall perform the duties required by law of the clerk of the district court under the direction of the district court judge for the county and the State Court Administrator.

Source:Laws 1972, LB 1032, § 7; Laws 1986, LB 529, § 2; Laws 2011, LB669, § 3.    


24-508. Clerk magistrate; duties; qualifications; education requirements.

(1) Clerk magistrates may be assigned by the presiding county judge to perform the duties of a clerk magistrate in any other county within the district.

(2) A person shall be eligible for appointment as a clerk magistrate if he or she is a graduate of a high school or holds a certificate of equivalency issued by the State Board of Education.

(3) A clerk magistrate shall comply with the Supreme Court judicial branch education requirements as required by the Supreme Court.

Source:Laws 1972, LB 1032, § 8; Laws 1974, LB 735, § 1; Laws 1986, LB 529, § 3; Laws 2008, LB1014, § 3.    


24-509. Judge; clerk magistrate; oath; filing.

Each county judge and clerk magistrate before assuming the duties of office shall take the oath prescribed by law for district judges. Oaths of county judges shall be filed with the Secretary of State. Oaths of clerk magistrates shall be filed in the office of the county clerk.

Source:Laws 1972, LB 1032, § 9; Laws 1973, LB 226, § 2; Laws 1986, LB 529, § 4.


Cross References

24-510. Repealed. Laws 1986, LB 529, § 58.

24-511. Clerk; powers; duties.

The clerk shall have the same power in the county court, unless otherwise specifically provided by law, as the clerk of the district court. The clerk shall keep and be the custodian of the records of the court. The clerk shall receive and account for all fees and money received by the court and shall deposit all money received pursuant to sections 77-2326.01 to 77-2326.09. Provisions for dockets and records of the county courts shall be established by rule of the Supreme Court.

Source:Laws 1972, LB 1032, § 11; Laws 1973, LB 226, § 3; Laws 1975, LB 286, § 1; Laws 1986, LB 525, § 1; Laws 1986, LB 529, § 1; Laws 1990, LB 822, § 14.


Cross References

24-512. Repealed. Laws 2011, LB 669, § 30.

24-513. County judge; salary; class; expenses.

On January 6, 1983, and thereafter each county judge shall receive an annual salary in an amount equal to eighty-five percent of the salary set for the Chief Justice and judges of the Supreme Court. As soon as the same may be legally paid under the Constitution of Nebraska after January 1, 2000, each county judge shall receive an annual salary in an amount equal to eighty-eight percent of the salary set for the Chief Justice and judges of the Supreme Court. As soon as the same may be legally paid under the Constitution of Nebraska after January 1, 2001, each county judge shall receive an annual salary in an amount equal to eighty-nine percent of the salary set for the Chief Justice and judges of the Supreme Court. As soon as the same may be legally paid under the Constitution of Nebraska after January 1, 2002, each county judge shall receive an annual salary in an amount equal to ninety percent of the salary set for the Chief Justice and judges of the Supreme Court.

Judges of the county court shall be considered to be of the same class and when one member of the class, as a judge of the county court, is entitled to a raise in salary, all members of the class shall be entitled to such raise in salary. All county judges shall be compensated for necessary travel expenses in the same manner as provided in sections 81-1174 to 81-1177. Salaries of clerk magistrates and other employees of the court shall be set by rule by the Supreme Court.

Source:Laws 1972, LB 1032, § 13; Laws 1973, LB 40, § 2; Laws 1975, LB 141, § 1; Laws 1976, LB 76, § 3; Laws 1978, LB 672, § 3; Laws 1979, LB 398, § 3; Laws 1981, LB 111, § 2; Laws 1981, LB 204, § 35; Laws 1986, LB 529, § 6; Laws 1999, LB 839, § 1.    


24-513.01. Repealed. Laws 1986, LB 529, § 58.

24-514. Salaries; expenses; operational costs; payment; property purchased by county; how treated.

The State of Nebraska shall pay, with funds appropriated to the Supreme Court, all salaries, benefits, and expenses related to the education and travel of judges and employees of the county courts. The state shall also pay, with funds appropriated to the Supreme Court, the following operational costs of the county courts:

(1) Computer hardware and software used for data processing;

(2) Computer hardware and software used for word processing if the costs are incurred on equipment owned by the state;

(3) Communication line costs arising from data and word processing pursuant to subdivisions (1) and (2) of this section; and

(4) Multi-track recorders, microphones, and playback units used to create verbatim records of county court proceedings.

The county shall pay any county court expense not provided for in this section. All property purchased by the county as a county court expense before September 9, 1993, or on or after September 9, 1993, shall remain the property of the county.

Source:Laws 1972, LB 1032, § 14; Laws 1973, LB 226, § 4; Laws 1990, LB 822, § 15; Laws 1993, LB 593, § 1; Laws 2007, LB213, § 1.    


24-515. Courtroom and office facilities; costs; standards; property transfers from municipal courts; standards.

Each county shall be responsible for all costs involved in establishing, furnishing, and maintaining appropriate courtroom and office facilities for the county court at the county seat. On July 1, 1985, the courtroom and office facilities of a municipal court shall be transferred, by sale, lease, or other arrangement, from cities of the metropolitan or primary class to the county responsible pursuant to this section for the establishing, furnishing, and maintaining of courtroom and office facilities for the county court at the county seat. Payments by a city and county on the bonded indebtedness on any facility constructed for joint use by a city and county shall continue in the same manner and in the same proportionate shares as payments made prior to July 1, 1985, subject to any sale, lease, or other arrangement pursuant to this section. All other property, equipment, books, and records of the municipal courts shall be transferred on July 1, 1985, to the county court.

The Supreme Court shall prescribe minimum standards for all courtroom and office facilities. The Supreme Court may establish standards by class of county, based on population, caseload, and other pertinent factors.

Source:Laws 1972, LB 1032, § 15; Laws 1984, LB 13, § 10; Laws 1992, LB 1059, § 5; Laws 1993, LB 593, § 2; Laws 2011, LB669, § 4.    


24-516. Judge; interchange; vacancy, disqualification, absence, or temporary incapacity; Chief Justice; temporary appointment; appointment of district judge to act; when; effect.

(1) The county judges may interchange and hold each other's court. Whenever requested by a county judge of another county judge district or it appears by affidavit, to the satisfaction of any county judge in the state, that the judge of any other county judge district is unable to act, on account of sickness, interest, or absence from the county judge district or from any other cause, the judge to whom application is made shall have power to make any order or do any act relative to any suit, judicial matter, or proceeding or to any special matter arising within the county judge district where such vacancy or disability exists which the judge of such county court could make or do. The order or act shall have the same effect as if made or done by the judge of such county judge district.

(2) In addition to subsection (1) of this section, in the event of a vacancy in the office of county judge or the disqualification, absence, or the temporary incapacity of a county judge, the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court may designate a county judge from another county judge district to temporarily perform the duties of the office. The Chief Justice also may assign a county judge to temporarily perform duties in another county judge district when in his or her opinion such assignment would be beneficial to the administration of justice.

(3) A county judge may appoint by order a consenting district judge residing in the county judge district to act as county judge in specific instances on any matter over which the county court has determined that it has jurisdiction over the parties and subject matter. The appointed district judge shall have power to make any order or do any act relative to any suit, judicial matter, or proceeding or to any special matter which the county judge of such county judge district could make or do. Any such order or act shall have the same effect as if made or done by the county judge of such county judge district. A district judge shall not hear any appeals of matters in which he or she acted as a county judge. A copy of the order of appointment shall be filed in each action in which a district judge acts as a county judge.

Source:Laws 1972, LB 1032, § 16; Laws 1973, LB 226, § 5; Laws 1977, LB 5, § 1; Laws 1986, LB 516, § 4; Laws 2007, LB214, § 2.    


24-517. Jurisdiction.

Each county court shall have the following jurisdiction:

(1) Exclusive original jurisdiction of all matters relating to decedents' estates, including the probate of wills and the construction thereof, except as provided in subsection (c) of section 30-2464 and section 30-2486;

(2) Exclusive original jurisdiction in all matters relating to the guardianship of a person, except if a separate juvenile court already has jurisdiction over a child in need of a guardian, concurrent original jurisdiction with the separate juvenile court in such guardianship;

(3) Exclusive original jurisdiction of all matters relating to conservatorship of any person, including (a) original jurisdiction to consent to and authorize a voluntary selection, partition, and setoff of a ward's interest in real estate owned in common with others and to exercise any right of the ward in connection therewith which the ward could exercise if competent and (b) original jurisdiction to license the sale of such real estate for cash or on such terms of credit as shall seem best calculated to produce the highest price subject only to the requirements set forth in section 30-3201;

(4) Concurrent jurisdiction with the district court to involuntarily partition a ward's interest in real estate owned in common with others;

(5) Concurrent original jurisdiction with the district court in all civil actions of any type when the amount in controversy is forty-five thousand dollars or less through June 30, 2005, and as set by the Supreme Court pursuant to subdivision (b) of this subdivision on and after July 1, 2005.

(a) When the pleadings or discovery proceedings in a civil action indicate that the amount in controversy is greater than the jurisdictional amount of subdivision (5) of this section, the county court shall, upon the request of any party, certify the proceedings to the district court as provided in section 25-2706. An award of the county court which is greater than the jurisdictional amount of subdivision (5) of this section is not void or unenforceable because it is greater than such amount, however, if an award of the county court is greater than the jurisdictional amount, the county court shall tax as additional costs the difference between the filing fee in district court and the filing fee in county court.

(b) The Supreme Court shall adjust the jurisdictional amount for the county court every fifth year commencing July 1, 2005. The adjusted jurisdictional amount shall be equal to the then current jurisdictional amount adjusted by the average percentage change in the unadjusted Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers published by the Federal Bureau of Labor Statistics for the five-year period preceding the adjustment date. The jurisdictional amount shall be rounded to the nearest one-thousand-dollar amount;

(6) Concurrent original jurisdiction with the district court in any criminal matter classified as a misdemeanor or for any infraction. The district court shall have concurrent original jurisdiction in any criminal matter classified as a misdemeanor that arises from the same incident as a charged felony;

(7) Concurrent original jurisdiction with the district court in domestic relations matters as defined in section 25-2740 and with the district court and separate juvenile court in paternity or custody determinations as provided in section 25-2740;

(8) Concurrent original jurisdiction with the district court in matters arising under the Nebraska Uniform Trust Code;

(9) Exclusive original jurisdiction in any action based on violation of a city or village ordinance, except with respect to violations committed by persons under eighteen years of age;

(10) The jurisdiction of a juvenile court as provided in the Nebraska Juvenile Code when sitting as a juvenile court in counties which have not established separate juvenile courts;

(11) Exclusive original jurisdiction in matters of adoption, except if a separate juvenile court already has jurisdiction over the child to be adopted, concurrent original jurisdiction with the separate juvenile court;

(12) Exclusive original jurisdiction in matters arising under the Nebraska Uniform Custodial Trust Act;

(13) Concurrent original jurisdiction with the district court in any matter relating to a power of attorney and the action or inaction of any agent acting under a power of attorney;

(14) Exclusive original jurisdiction in any action arising under sections 30-3401 to 30-3432;

(15) Exclusive original jurisdiction in matters arising under the Nebraska Uniform Transfers to Minors Act;

(16) Concurrent original jurisdiction with the district court in matters arising under the Uniform Principal and Income Act;

(17) Concurrent original jurisdiction with the district court in matters arising under the Uniform Testamentary Additions to Trusts Act (1991) except as otherwise provided in subdivision (1) of this section;

(18) Concurrent original jurisdiction with the district court to determine contribution rights under section 68-919; and

(19) All other jurisdiction heretofore provided and not specifically repealed by Laws 1972, Legislative Bill 1032, and such other jurisdiction as hereafter provided by law.

Source:Laws 1972, LB 1032, § 17; Laws 1973, LB 226, § 6; Laws 1977, LB 96, § 1; Laws 1979, LB 373, § 1; Laws 1983, LB 137, § 1; Laws 1984, LB 13, § 12; Laws 1986, LB 529, § 7; Laws 1986, LB 1229, § 1; Laws 1991, LB 422, § 1; Laws 1996, LB 1296, § 2; Laws 1997, LB 229, § 1; Laws 1998, LB 1041, § 1; Laws 2001, LB 269, § 1;    Laws 2003, LB 130, § 114;    Laws 2005, LB 361, § 29;    Laws 2008, LB280, § 1;    Laws 2008, LB1014, § 4;    Laws 2009, LB35, § 5;    Laws 2014, LB464, § 2;    Laws 2015, LB314, § 1;    Laws 2017, LB268, § 1.    
Effective Date: August 24, 2017


Cross References

Annotations

24-517.01. Repealed. Laws 1983, LB 272, § 2.

24-517.02. Repealed. Laws 1990, LB 822, § 40.

24-518. Repealed. Laws 1986, LB 529, § 58.

24-519. Clerk magistrate; duties.

Clerk magistrates shall have authority to perform the following duties:

(1) To conduct any proceeding which is based on a misdemeanor, traffic infraction, violation of a city or village ordinance, or traffic violation or infraction under the laws of this state, except the trial of defendants who plead not guilty or for whom a not guilty plea has been entered. Any penalty imposed under this subdivision shall be made pursuant to a schedule established by the Supreme Court. Such schedule shall not provide for imprisonment;

(2) To conduct any proceeding for the issuance of warrants for arrest or for searches and seizures when no county or district judge is available in the county;

(3) To hear and determine any nonfelony proceeding for preliminary examination to determine probable cause or the release on bail of persons charged with bailable offenses;

(4) To determine temporary custody of a juvenile pursuant to sections 43-251, 43-253, 43-254, and 43-258. An order of a clerk magistrate shall be reviewed by the county judge upon the written request of any party to the action within ten days of the order. Such order may be affirmed, modified, or set aside by the county judge. The clerk magistrate may also appoint a guardian ad litem as provided in section 43-272.01;

(5) To hear and determine noncontested proceedings relating to decedents' estates, inheritance tax matters, and guardianship or conservatorship, except that matters relating to the construction of wills and trusts, the determination of title to real estate, and an authorization of the sale or mortgaging of real estate shall not be heard by a clerk magistrate; and

(6) To enter orders for hearings and trials, including orders for garnishment and hearings on distribution of garnished funds.

Source:Laws 1972, LB 1032, § 19; Laws 1976, LB 585, § 1; Laws 1985, LB 373, § 1; Laws 1986, LB 529, § 8; Laws 1987, LB 601, § 1; Laws 1992, LB 1184, § 7.


Annotations

24-520. Clerk magistrates; assignment; written orders.

All assignments of matters to clerk magistrates shall be by written order signed by the presiding county judge and filed with the clerk. No order or judgment shall be void or subject to collateral attack solely because it was rendered pursuant to improper assignment to a clerk magistrate.

Source:Laws 1972, LB 1032, § 20; Laws 1986, LB 529, § 9.


24-521. Nebraska County Court Judges Association; created; duties.

The Nebraska County Court Judges Association is hereby created which shall consist of all the active judges of the county courts of this state and their successors in office. The association shall:

(1) Meet at least once during each calendar year;

(2) Select from its membership officers thereof; and

(3) Adopt such bylaws and rules as may be necessary or proper for the conduct of its meetings, the exercise of its powers, and the performance of its duties and delegate to one or more of its members such powers as the association deems necessary to carry out its responsibilities.

Source:Laws 1999, LB 315, § 1.    


24-522. Transferred to section 25-2802.

24-523. Transferred to section 25-2803.

24-524. Transferred to section 25-2804.

24-525. Transferred to section 25-2805.

24-526. Transferred to section 25-2806.

24-527. Transferred to section 25-2807.

24-528. Transferred to section 25-2701.

24-529. Repealed. Laws 1984, LB 13, § 90.

24-530. Transferred to section 25-2710.

24-531. Transferred to section 25-2711.

24-532. Transferred to section 25-2712.

24-532.01. Transferred to section 25-2713.

24-533. Transferred to section 25-2703.

24-534. Transferred to section 23-1701.04.

24-535. Transferred to section 25-2704.

24-536. Transferred to section 25-2705.

24-537. Transferred to section 25-2720.

24-538. Transferred to section 25-2718.

24-539. Transferred to section 25-2721.

24-540. Transferred to section 25-2707.

24-541. Repealed. Laws 1981, LB 42, § 27.

24-541.01. Transferred to section 25-2728.

24-541.02. Transferred to section 25-2729.

24-541.03. Transferred to section 25-2730.

24-541.04. Transferred to section 25-2731.

24-541.05. Transferred to section 25-2732.

24-541.06. Transferred to section 25-2733.

24-541.07. Transferred to section 25-2734.

24-541.08. Transferred to section 25-2735.

24-541.09. Transferred to section 25-2736.

24-541.10. Transferred to section 25-2737.

24-542. Repealed. Laws 1981, LB 42, § 27.

24-543. Repealed. Laws 1981, LB 42, § 27.

24-544. Repealed. Laws 1981, LB 42, § 27.

24-545. Repealed. Laws 1981, LB 42, § 27.

24-546. Repealed. Laws 1981, LB 42, § 27.

24-547. Repealed. Laws 1981, LB 42, § 27.

24-548. Repealed. Laws 1981, LB 42, § 27.

24-549. Repealed. Laws 1981, LB 42, § 27.

24-550. Repealed. Laws 1981, LB 42, § 27.

24-551. Transferred to section 25-2738.

24-552. Transferred to section 24-740.

24-553. Transferred to section 25-2709.

24-554. Transferred to section 25-2723.

24-555. Transferred to section 25-2724.

24-556. Transferred to section 25-2725.

24-557. Transferred to section 25-2726.

24-558. Transferred to section 25-2727.

24-559. Transferred to section 25-2708.

24-560. Transferred to section 25-2714.

24-561. Transferred to section 25-2715.

24-562. Transferred to section 25-2716.

24-563. Transferred to section 25-2717.

24-564. Repealed. Laws 1977, LB 167, § 3.

24-565. Repealed. Laws 1977, LB 167, § 3.

24-566. Repealed. Laws 1977, LB 167, § 3.

24-567. Transferred to section 25-2722.

24-568. Transferred to section 25-21,219.

24-569. Transferred to section 25-21,220.

24-570. Transferred to section 25-21,232.

24-571. Transferred to section 25-21,221.

24-572. Transferred to section 25-21,222.

24-573. Transferred to section 25-21,223.

24-574. Transferred to section 25-21,224.

24-575. Transferred to section 25-21,225.

24-576. Transferred to section 25-21,226.

24-577. Transferred to section 25-21,227.

24-578. Transferred to section 25-21,228.

24-579. Transferred to section 25-21,229.

24-580. Transferred to section 25-21,230.

24-581. Transferred to section 25-21,231.

24-582. Transferred to section 25-21,233.

24-583. Transferred to section 25-21,234.

24-584. Transferred to section 25-21,235.

24-585. Transferred to section 25-2702.

24-585.01. Transferred to section 25-2719.

24-586. Repealed. Laws 1998, LB 218, § 29.

24-587. Repealed. Laws 1998, LB 218, § 29.

24-588. Repealed. Laws 1998, LB 218, § 29.

24-589. Repealed. Laws 1998, LB 218, § 29.

24-590. Repealed. Laws 1998, LB 218, § 29.

24-591. Repealed. Laws 1990, LB 822, § 40.

24-592. Repealed. Laws 1985, LB 15, § 1.

24-593. Municipal court employees; transfer to county court; salary and benefits.

(1) Any employee of a municipal court of a city of the primary or metropolitan class, except municipal judges, municipal probation officers, violations bureau staff, constables, and sheriffs, shall, on July 1, 1985, be transferred to the county court of the county where such city is located. The salary and classification of any transferred employee shall be subject to sections 24-513 and 24-514, except that no employee shall incur a loss of income as a result of the transfer and any classification.

(2) The primary- or metropolitan-class city shall transfer all accrued sick leave of such employees transferred pursuant to subsection (1) of this section up to the maximum number of accumulated hours for sick leave allowed by the state and the city shall reimburse the state in an amount equal to twenty-five percent of the value of such accrued sick leave hours based on the straight-time rate of pay for the employee. For any accrued sick leave hours of an employee which are in excess of the amount that can be transferred, the city shall reimburse the employee for twenty-five percent of the value of the sick leave hours based on the straight-time rate of pay for the employee.

(3) The transferred employee may transfer the maximum amount of accrued annual leave earned as an employee of the city allowed by the state. The city shall reimburse the state in an amount equal to one hundred percent of the value of the hours of accrued annual leave transferred. The city shall reimburse the transferred employee in an amount equal to one hundred percent of the hours of any accrued annual leave in excess of the amount which may be transferred based on the employee's straight-time rate of pay at the time of transfer.

(4) Any municipal court employee transferred to the county court shall not lose any accrual rate value for his or her sick leave and vacation leave as a result of such transfer. The employee may use each year's service with the city as credit in qualifying for accrual rates for the state's sick leave and vacation leave programs.

(5) When accrued sick leave and vacation leave for a transferred employee are at a greater rate value than allowed by the state's sick leave and vacation leave plan, the city shall pay to the state on July 1, 1985, an amount equal to the difference between the value of such benefits allowed by the city and by the state, based on, at the time of transfer, twenty-five percent of the employee's straight-time rate of pay for the sick leave and one hundred percent of the employee's straight-time rate of pay for vacation leave. The state may receive reimbursement based on such difference in rate values not later than July 1, 1990.

(6) The transferred employee shall not receive any additional accrual rate value for state benefits until the employee meets the qualifications for the increased accrual rates pursuant to the state's requirements.

(7) The transferred employee shall participate in and be covered by the Nebraska State Insurance Program, sections 84-1601 to 84-1615, on July 1, 1985. The waiting period for medical insurance coverage of transferred employees is specifically waived.

Source:Laws 1984, LB 13, § 9.


24-594. Exercise of jurisdiction; ratified.

The exercise of any jurisdiction, prior to, on, or after July 1, 1985, authorized by law and any action taken pursuant to such exercise are hereby ratified and shall not be subject to attack for the sole reason that they were not authorized at the time.

Source:Laws 1984, LB 13, § 11.


24-595. Transferred to section 25-2232.

24-596. Transferred to section 25-2233.

24-597. Transferred to section 25-2234.

24-598. Transferred to section 25-2235.

24-599. Transferred to section 25-2236.

24-5,100. Transferred to section 23-1701.02.

24-5,101. Transferred to section 25-2231.

24-5,102. Transferred to section 25-2237.

24-5,103. Transferred to section 25-2238.

24-5,104. Transferred to section 25-2239.

24-5,105. Transferred to section 25-2230.

24-5,106. Transferred to section 25-2229.

24-601. Transferred to section 30-3201.

24-601.01. Transferred to section 30-3207.

24-601.02. Transferred to section 30-3202.

24-601.03. Transferred to section 30-3203.

24-601.04. Transferred to section 30-3209.

24-601.05. Transferred to section 30-3208.

24-602. Transferred to section 30-3204.

24-603. Transferred to section 30-3210.

24-604. Transferred to section 30-3211.

24-604.01. Transferred to section 81-120.

24-605. Transferred to section 30-3212.

24-606. Repealed. Laws 1974, LB 354, § 316.

24-607. Repealed. Laws 1974, LB 354, § 316.

24-608. Repealed. Laws 1974, LB 354, § 316.

24-609. Repealed. Laws 1974, LB 354, § 316.

24-610. Repealed. Laws 1974, LB 354, § 316.

24-611. Repealed. Laws 1974, LB 354, § 316.

24-612. Repealed. Laws 1974, LB 354, § 316.

24-613. Repealed. Laws 1974, LB 354, § 316.

24-614. Repealed. Laws 1974, LB 354, § 316.

24-615. Repealed. Laws 1974, LB 354, § 316.

24-616. Repealed. Laws 1974, LB 354, § 316.

24-617. Repealed. Laws 1974, LB 354, § 316.

24-618. Repealed. Laws 1974, LB 354, § 316.

24-619. Transferred to section 48-2001.

24-620. Transferred to section 48-2002.

24-621. Transferred to section 30-3302.

24-622. Transferred to section 30-3303.

24-623. Transferred to section 30-3304.

24-624. Transferred to section 30-3305.

24-625. Transferred to section 30-3306.

24-626. Transferred to section 30-3307.

24-627. Transferred to section 30-3308.

24-628. Transferred to section 30-3309.

24-629. Transferred to section 30-3310.

24-630. Transferred to section 30-3311.

24-631. Transferred to section 30-3301.

24-632. Transferred to section 30-3213.

24-633. Transferred to section 30-3214.

24-634. Transferred to section 30-3215.

24-635. Transferred to section 30-3216.

24-636. Transferred to section 30-3217.

24-637. Transferred to section 30-3218.

24-638. Transferred to section 30-3205.

24-639. Transferred to section 30-3206.

24-701. Terms, defined.

For purposes of the Judges Retirement Act, unless the context otherwise requires:

(1)(a) Actuarial equivalence means the equality in value of the aggregate amounts expected to be received under different forms of payment.

(b) For a judge hired prior to July 1, 2017, the determinations are to be based on the 1994 Group Annuity Mortality Table reflecting sex-distinct factors blended using seventy-five percent of the male table and twenty-five percent of the female table. An interest rate of eight percent per annum shall be reflected in making these determinations.

(c) For a judge hired on or after July 1, 2017, or rehired on or after July 1, 2017, after termination of employment and being paid a retirement benefit, the determinations shall be based on a unisex mortality table and an interest rate specified by the board. Both the mortality table and the interest rate shall be recommended by the actuary and approved by the board following an actuarial experience study, a benefit adequacy study, or a plan valuation. The mortality table, interest rate, and actuarial factors in effect on the judge's retirement date will be used to calculate actuarial equivalency of any retirement benefit. Such interest rate may be, but is not required to be, equal to the assumed rate of return;

(2) Beneficiary means a person so designated by a judge in the last designation of beneficiary on file with the board or, if no designated person survives or if no designation is on file, the estate of such judge;

(3) Board means the Public Employees Retirement Board;

(4)(a) Compensation means the statutory salary of a judge or the salary being received by such judge pursuant to law. Compensation does not include compensation for unused sick leave or unused vacation leave converted to cash payments, insurance premiums converted into cash payments, reimbursement for expenses incurred, fringe benefits, per diems, or bonuses for services not actually rendered, including, but not limited to, early retirement inducements, cash awards, and severance pay, except for retroactive salary payments paid pursuant to court order, arbitration, or litigation and grievance settlements. Compensation includes overtime pay, member retirement contributions, and amounts contributed by the member to plans under sections 125 and 457 of the Internal Revenue Code as defined in section 49-801.01 or any other section of the code which defers or excludes such amounts from income.

(b) Compensation in excess of the limitations set forth in section 401(a)(17) of the Internal Revenue Code as defined in section 49-801.01 shall be disregarded. For an employee who was a member of the retirement system before the first plan year beginning after December 31, 1995, the limitation on compensation shall not be less than the amount which was allowed to be taken into account under the retirement system as in effect on July 1, 1993;

(5) Creditable service means the total number of years served as a judge, including prior service, military service, and current service, computed to the nearest one-twelfth year. For current service prior to the time that the member has contributed the required percentage of salary until the maximum benefit as limited by section 24-710 has been earned, creditable service does not include current service for which member contributions are not made or are withdrawn and not repaid;

(6) Current benefit means the initial benefit increased by all adjustments made pursuant to the Judges Retirement Act;

(7)(a) Current service means the period of service (i) any judge of the Supreme Court or judge of the district court serves in such capacity from and after January 3, 1957, (ii)(A) any judge of the Nebraska Workmen's Compensation Court served in such capacity from and after September 20, 1957, and prior to July 17, 1986, and (B) any judge of the Nebraska Workers' Compensation Court serves in such capacity on and after July 17, 1986, (iii) any county judge serves in such capacity from and after January 5, 1961, (iv) any judge of a separate juvenile court serves in such capacity, (v) any judge of the municipal court served in such capacity subsequent to October 23, 1967, and prior to July 1, 1985, (vi) any judge of the county court or associate county judge serves in such capacity subsequent to January 4, 1973, (vii) any clerk magistrate, who was an associate county judge and a member of the fund at the time of appointment as a clerk magistrate, serves in such capacity from and after July 1, 1986, and (viii) any judge of the Court of Appeals serves in such capacity on or after September 6, 1991.

(b) Current service shall not be deemed to be interrupted by (i) temporary or seasonal suspension of service that does not terminate the employee's employment, (ii) leave of absence authorized by the employer for a period not exceeding twelve months, (iii) leave of absence because of disability, or (iv) military service, when properly authorized by the board. Current service does not include any period of disability for which disability retirement benefits are received under section 24-709;

(8) Final average compensation for a judge who becomes a member prior to July 1, 2015, means the average monthly compensation for the three twelve-month periods of service as a judge in which compensation was the greatest or, in the event of a judge serving less than three twelve-month periods, the average monthly compensation for such judge's period of service. Final average compensation for a judge who becomes a member on and after July 1, 2015, means the average monthly compensation for the five twelve-month periods of service as a judge in which compensation was the greatest or, in the event of a judge serving less than five twelve-month periods, the average monthly compensation for such judge's period of service;

(9) Fund means the Nebraska Retirement Fund for Judges;

(10) Future member means a judge who first served as a judge on or after December 25, 1969, or means a judge who first served as a judge prior to December 25, 1969, who elects to become a future member on or before June 30, 1970, as provided in subsection (8) of section 24-703 or section 24-710.01;

(11) Hire date or date of hire means the first day of compensated service subject to retirement contributions;

(12) Initial benefit means the retirement benefit calculated at the time of retirement;

(13) Judge means and includes (a) all duly elected or appointed Chief Justices or judges of the Supreme Court and judges of the district courts of Nebraska who serve in such capacity on and after January 3, 1957, (b)(i) all duly appointed judges of the Nebraska Workmen's Compensation Court who served in such capacity on and after September 20, 1957, and prior to July 17, 1986, and (ii) judges of the Nebraska Workers' Compensation Court who serve in such capacity on and after July 17, 1986, (c) judges of separate juvenile courts, (d) judges of the county courts of the respective counties who serve in such capacity on and after January 5, 1961, (e) judges of the county court and clerk magistrates who were associate county judges and members of the fund at the time of their appointment as clerk magistrates, (f) judges of municipal courts established by Chapter 26, article 1, who served in such capacity on and after October 23, 1967, and prior to July 1, 1985, and (g) judges of the Court of Appeals;

(14) Member means a judge eligible to participate in the retirement system established under the Judges Retirement Act;

(15) Military service means active service of (a) any judge of the Supreme Court or judge of the district court in any of the armed forces of the United States during a war or national emergency prior or subsequent to September 18, 1955, if such service commenced while such judge was holding the office of judge, (b) any judge of the Nebraska Workmen's Compensation Court or the Nebraska Workers' Compensation Court in any of the armed forces of the United States during a war or national emergency prior or subsequent to September 20, 1957, if such service commenced while such judge was holding the office of judge, (c) any judge of the municipal court in any of the armed forces of the United States during a war or national emergency prior or subsequent to October 23, 1967, and prior to July 1, 1985, if such service commenced while such judge was holding the office of judge, (d) any judge of the county court or associate county judge in any of the armed forces of the United States during a war or national emergency prior or subsequent to January 4, 1973, if such service commenced while such judge was holding the office of judge, (e) any clerk magistrate, who was an associate county judge and a member of the fund at the time of appointment as a clerk magistrate, in any of the armed forces of the United States during a war or national emergency on or after July 1, 1986, if such service commenced while such clerk magistrate was holding the office of clerk magistrate, and (f) any judge of the Court of Appeals in any of the armed forces of the United States during a war or national emergency on or after September 6, 1991, if such service commenced while such judge was holding the office of judge. The board shall have the power to determine when a national emergency exists or has existed for the purpose of applying this definition and provision;

(16) Normal form annuity means a series of equal monthly payments payable at the end of each calendar month during the life of a retired judge as provided in sections 24-707 and 24-710, except as provided in section 42-1107. The first payment shall include all amounts accrued since the effective date of the award of the annuity. The last payment shall be at the end of the calendar month in which such judge dies. If at the time of death the amount of annuity payments such judge has received is less than contributions to the fund made by such judge, plus regular interest, the difference shall be paid to the beneficiary or estate;

(17) Normal retirement date means the first day of the month following attainment of age sixty-five;

(18) Original member means a judge who first served as a judge prior to December 25, 1969, who does not elect to become a future member pursuant to subsection (8) of section 24-703 or section 24-710.01, and who was retired on or before December 31, 1992;

(19) Plan year means the twelve-month period beginning on July 1 and ending on June 30 of the following year;

(20) Prior service means all the periods of time any person has served as a (a) judge of the Supreme Court or judge of the district court prior to January 3, 1957, (b) judge of the county court prior to January 5, 1961, (c) judge of the Nebraska Workmen's Compensation Court prior to September 20, 1957, (d) judge of the separate juvenile court, or (e) judge of the municipal court prior to October 23, 1967;

(21) Regular interest means interest fixed at a rate equal to the daily treasury yield curve for one-year treasury securities, as published by the Secretary of the Treasury of the United States, that applies on July 1 of each year, which may be credited monthly, quarterly, semiannually, or annually as the board may direct;

(22) Retirement application means the form approved and provided by the retirement system for acceptance of a member's request for either regular or disability retirement;

(23) Retirement date means (a) the first day of the month following the date upon which a member's request for retirement is received on a retirement application if the member is eligible for retirement and has terminated employment or (b) the first day of the month following termination of employment if the member is eligible for retirement and has filed an application but has not yet terminated employment;

(24) Retirement system or system means the Nebraska Judges Retirement System as provided in the Judges Retirement Act;

(25) Surviving spouse means (a) the spouse married to the member on the date of the member's death or (b) the spouse or former spouse of the member if survivorship rights are provided under a qualified domestic relations order filed with the board pursuant to the Spousal Pension Rights Act. The spouse or former spouse shall supersede the spouse married to the member on the date of the member's death as provided under a qualified domestic relations order. If the benefits payable to the spouse or former spouse under the qualified domestic relations order are less than the value of benefits entitled to the surviving spouse, the spouse married to the member on the date of the member's death shall be the surviving spouse for the balance of the benefits; and

(26) Termination of employment occurs on the date on which the State Court Administrator's office determines that the judge's employer-employee relationship with the State of Nebraska is dissolved. The State Court Administrator's office shall notify the board of the date on which such a termination has occurred. Termination of employment does not include ceasing employment as a judge if the judge returns to regular employment as a judge or is employed on a regular basis by another agency of the State of Nebraska and there are less than one hundred twenty days between the date when the judge's employer-employee relationship ceased and the date when the employer-employee relationship recommences. It is the responsibility of the employer that is involved in the termination of employment to notify the board of such change in employment and provide the board with such information as the board deems necessary. If the board determines that termination of employment has not occurred and a retirement benefit has been paid to a member of the retirement system pursuant to section 24-710, the board shall require the member who has received such benefit to repay the benefit to the retirement system.

Source:Laws 1955, c. 83, § 1, p. 244; Laws 1957, c. 78, § 1, p. 315; Laws 1957, c. 79, § 1, p. 318; Laws 1959, c. 95, § 1, p. 409; Laws 1959, c. 189, § 13, p. 687; Laws 1965, c. 115, § 1, p. 440; Laws 1969, c. 178, § 1, p. 759; Laws 1971, LB 987, § 4; Laws 1972, LB 1032, § 120; Laws 1973, LB 226, § 10; Laws 1974, LB 905, § 3; Laws 1983, LB 223, § 1; Laws 1984, LB 13, § 32; Laws 1984, LB 750, § 1; Laws 1986, LB 92, § 1;Laws 1986, LB 311, § 9; Laws 1986, LB 351, § 1; Laws 1986, LB 529, § 17; Laws 1986, LB 811, § 12; Laws 1989, LB 506, § 2; Laws 1991, LB 549, § 15; Laws 1991, LB 732, § 36; Laws 1992, LB 682, § 1; Laws 1994, LB 833, § 12; Laws 1996, LB 700, § 1; Laws 1996, LB 847, § 11; Laws 1996, LB 1076, § 8; Laws 1996, LB 1273, § 19; Laws 1997, LB 624, § 9; Laws 1999, LB 674, § 1;    Laws 2000, LB 1192, § 4;    Laws 2001, LB 408, § 6;    Laws 2003, LB 451, § 14;    Laws 2011, LB6, § 1;    Laws 2012, LB916, § 14;    Laws 2013, LB263, § 10;    Laws 2015, LB468, § 1;    Laws 2016, LB790, § 2;    Laws 2017, LB415, § 18.    
Effective Date: May 24, 2017


Cross References

Annotations

24-701.01. Act, how cited.

Sections 24-701 to 24-714 shall be known and may be cited as the Judges Retirement Act.

Source:Laws 1996, LB 847, § 12; Laws 1997, LB 624, § 10; Laws 1998, LB 532, § 1; Laws 1998, LB 1191, § 36; Laws 2001, LB 408, § 7;    Laws 2002, LB 407, § 11;    Laws 2004, LB 1097, § 10;    Laws 2010, LB950, § 8;    Laws 2011, LB509, § 9;    Laws 2015, LB468, § 2.    


24-701.02. Changes to act; operative; when.

Any changes made to the Judges Retirement Act affecting retirement benefits shall be so interpreted as to effectuate their general purpose to provide, in the public interest, adequate retirement benefits for judges and to permit a change in such retirement benefits as soon as the same may become operative under the Constitution of Nebraska.

Source:Laws 2004, LB 1097, § 9.    


24-702. Nebraska Retirement Fund for Judges; Nebraska Judges Retirement Act Expense Fund; created; use.

(1) There is hereby created in the state treasury a fund to be known as the Nebraska Retirement Fund for Judges which shall be administered by the board and to which shall be credited all money appropriated or transferred by law thereto. The fund is hereby appropriated and made available to the board for the uses and purposes prescribed by the provisions of the Judges Retirement Act.

(2) The employer contribution to the fund shall consist of the amounts remitted pursuant to subsection (3) of section 24-703.

(3) The Nebraska Judges Retirement Act Expense Fund is created. The fund shall be credited with money from the retirement system assets and income sufficient to pay the pro rata share of administrative expenses incurred as directed by the board for the proper administration of the Judges Retirement Act and necessary in connection with the administration and operation of the retirement system.

Source:Laws 1955, c. 83, § 2, p. 245; Laws 1994, LB 833, § 13; Laws 2001, LB 408, § 8;    Laws 2002, LB 407, § 12;    Laws 2005, LB 364, § 6.    


24-703. Judges; contributions; payment; funding of system; late fees.

(1) Each original member shall contribute monthly four percent of his or her monthly compensation to the fund until the maximum benefit as limited in subsection (1) of section 24-710 has been earned. It shall be the duty of the Director of Administrative Services in accordance with subsection (10) of this section to make a deduction of four percent on the monthly payroll of each original member who is a judge of the Supreme Court, a judge of the Court of Appeals, a judge of the district court, a judge of a separate juvenile court, a judge of the county court, a clerk magistrate of the county court who was an associate county judge and a member of the fund at the time of his or her appointment as a clerk magistrate, or a judge of the Nebraska Workers' Compensation Court showing the amount to be deducted and its credit to the fund. The Director of Administrative Services and the State Treasurer shall credit the four percent as shown on the payroll and the amounts received from the various counties to the fund and remit the same to the director in charge of the judges retirement system who shall keep an accurate record of the contributions of each judge.

(2)(a) In addition to the contribution required under subdivision (c) of this subsection, beginning on July 1, 2004, each future member who became a member prior to July 1, 2015, and who has not elected to make contributions and receive benefits as provided in section 24-703.03 shall contribute monthly six percent of his or her monthly compensation to the fund until the maximum benefit as limited in subsection (2) of section 24-710 has been earned. After the maximum benefit as limited in subsection (2) of section 24-710 has been earned, such future member shall make no further contributions to the fund, except that (i) any time the maximum benefit is changed, a future member who has previously earned the maximum benefit as it existed prior to the change shall contribute monthly six percent of his or her monthly compensation to the fund until the maximum benefit as changed and as limited in subsection (2) of section 24-710 has been earned and (ii) such future member shall continue to make the contribution required under subdivision (c) of this subsection.

(b) In addition to the contribution required under subdivision (c) of this subsection, beginning on July 1, 2004, a judge who became a member prior to July 1, 2015, and who first serves as a judge on or after July 1, 2004, or a future member who became a member prior to July 1, 2015, and who elects to make contributions and receive benefits as provided in section 24-703.03 shall contribute monthly eight percent of his or her monthly compensation to the fund until the maximum benefit as limited by subsection (2) of section 24-710 has been earned. In addition to the contribution required under subdivision (c) of this subsection, after the maximum benefit as limited in subsection (2) of section 24-710 has been earned, such judge or future member shall contribute monthly four percent of his or her monthly compensation to the fund for the remainder of his or her active service.

(c) Beginning on July 1, 2009, a member or judge described in subdivisions (a) and (b) of this subsection shall contribute monthly an additional one percent of his or her monthly compensation to the fund.

(d) Beginning on July 1, 2015, a judge who first serves as a judge on or after such date shall contribute monthly ten percent of his or her monthly compensation to the fund.

(e) It shall be the duty of the Director of Administrative Services to make a deduction on the monthly payroll of each such future member who is a judge of the Supreme Court, a judge of the Court of Appeals, a judge of the district court, a judge of a separate juvenile court, a judge of the county court, a clerk magistrate of the county court who was an associate county judge and a member of the fund at the time of his or her appointment as a clerk magistrate, or a judge of the Nebraska Workers' Compensation Court showing the amount to be deducted and its credit to the fund. This shall be done each month. The Director of Administrative Services and the State Treasurer shall credit the amount as shown on the payroll and the amounts received from the various counties to the fund and remit the same to the director in charge of the judges retirement system who shall keep an accurate record of the contributions of each judge.

(3) Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, a Nebraska Retirement Fund for Judges fee of six dollars shall be taxed as costs in each (a) civil cause of action, criminal cause of action, traffic misdemeanor or infraction, and city or village ordinance violation filed in the district courts, the county courts, and the separate juvenile courts, (b) filing in the district court of an order, award, or judgment of the Nebraska Workers' Compensation Court or any judge thereof pursuant to section 48-188, (c) appeal or other proceeding filed in the Court of Appeals, and (d) original action, appeal, or other proceeding filed in the Supreme Court. In county courts a sum shall be charged which is equal to ten percent of each fee provided by sections 33-125, 33-126.02, 33-126.03, and 33-126.06, rounded to the nearest even dollar. No judges retirement fee shall be charged for filing a report pursuant to sections 33-126.02 and 33-126.06. When collected by the clerk of the district or county court, such fees shall be paid and information submitted to the director in charge of the judges retirement system on forms prescribed by the board by the clerk within ten days after the close of each calendar quarter. The board may charge a late administrative processing fee not to exceed twenty-five dollars if the information is not timely received or the money is delinquent. In addition, the board may charge a late fee of thirty-eight thousandths of one percent of the amount required to be submitted pursuant to this section for each day such amount has not been received. Such director shall promptly thereafter remit the same to the State Treasurer for credit to the fund. No Nebraska Retirement Fund for Judges fee which is uncollectible for any reason shall be waived by a county judge as provided in section 29-2709.

(4) All expenditures from the fund shall be authorized by voucher in the manner prescribed in section 24-713. The fund shall be used for the payment of all annuities and other benefits and for the expenses of administration.

(5) The fund shall consist of the total fund as of December 25, 1969, the contributions of members as provided in this section, all supplementary court fees as provided in subsection (3) of this section, and any required contributions of the state.

(6) Not later than January 1 of each year, the State Treasurer shall transfer to the fund the amount certified by the board as being necessary to pay the cost of any benefits accrued during the fiscal year ending the previous June 30 in excess of member contributions for that fiscal year and court fees as provided in subsection (3) of this section and fees pursuant to sections 25-2804, 33-103, 33-103.01, 33-106, 33-106.02, 33-123, 33-125, 33-126.02, 33-126.03, and 33-126.06 and directed to be remitted to the fund, if any, for that fiscal year plus any required contributions of the state as provided in subsection (9) of this section.

(7) Benefits under the retirement system to members or to their beneficiaries shall be paid from the fund.

(8) Any member who is making contributions to the fund on December 25, 1969, may, on or before June 30, 1970, elect to become a future member by delivering written notice of such election to the board.

(9) Not later than January 1 of each year, the State Treasurer shall transfer to the fund an amount, determined on the basis of an actuarial valuation as of the previous June 30 and certified by the board, to fully fund the unfunded accrued liabilities of the retirement system as of June 30, 1988, by level payments up to January 1, 2000. Such valuation shall be on the basis of actuarial assumptions recommended by the actuary, approved by the board, and kept on file with the board. For the fiscal year beginning July 1, 2013, and each fiscal year thereafter, the actuary for the board shall perform an actuarial valuation of the system using the entry age actuarial cost method. Under this method, the actuarially required funding rate is equal to the normal cost rate, plus the contribution rate necessary to amortize the unfunded actuarial accrued liability on a level percentage of salary basis. The normal cost under this method shall be determined for each individual member on a level percentage of salary basis. The normal cost amount is then summed for all members. Beginning July 1, 2006, any existing unfunded liabilities shall be reinitialized and amortized over a thirty-year period, and during each subsequent actuarial valuation, changes in the funded actuarial accrued liability due to changes in benefits, actuarial assumptions, the asset valuation method, or actuarial gains or losses shall be measured and amortized over a thirty-year period beginning on the valuation date of such change. If the unfunded actuarial accrued liability under the entry age actuarial cost method is zero or less than zero on an actuarial valuation date, then all prior unfunded actuarial accrued liabilities shall be considered fully funded and the unfunded actuarial accrued liability shall be reinitialized and amortized over a thirty-year period as of the actuarial valuation date. If the actuarially required contribution rate exceeds the rate of all contributions required pursuant to the Judges Retirement Act, there shall be a supplemental appropriation sufficient to pay for the differences between the actuarially required contribution rate and the rate of all contributions required pursuant to the Judges Retirement Act.

(10) The state or county shall pick up the member contributions required by this section for all compensation paid on or after January 1, 1985, and the contributions so picked up shall be treated as employer contributions pursuant to section 414(h)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code in determining federal tax treatment under the code and shall not be included as gross income of the member until such time as they are distributed or made available. The contributions, although designated as member contributions, shall be paid by the state or county in lieu of member contributions. The state or county shall pay these member contributions from the same source of funds which is used in paying earnings to the member. The state or county shall pick up these contributions by a compensation deduction through a reduction in the compensation of the member. Member contributions picked up shall be treated for all purposes of the Judges Retirement Act in the same manner and to the extent as member contributions made prior to the date picked up.

Source:Laws 1955, c. 83, § 3, p. 246; Laws 1957, c. 79, § 2, p. 321; Laws 1959, c. 95, § 2, p. 411; Laws 1959, c. 189, § 14, p. 689; Laws 1963, c. 137, § 1, p. 513; Laws 1965, c. 115, § 2, p. 442; Laws 1965, c. 116, § 2, p. 446; Laws 1967, c. 140, § 1, p. 428; Laws 1969, c. 178, § 2, p. 957; Laws 1971, LB 987, § 5; Laws 1972, LB 1032, § 121; Laws 1972, LB 1471, § 1; Laws 1973, LB 226, § 11; Laws 1974, LB 228, § 1; Laws 1977, LB 344, § 2; Laws 1977, LB 467, § 1; Laws 1981, LB 459, § 3; Laws 1984, LB 13, § 33; Laws 1984, LB 218, § 2; Laws 1986, LB 92, § 2; Laws 1986, LB 529, § 18; Laws 1989, LB 233, § 1; Laws 1989, LB 506, § 3; Laws 1991, LB 549, § 16; Laws 1991, LB 732, § 37; Laws 1992, LB 672, § 31; Laws 1992, LB 682, § 2; Laws 1994, LB 833, § 14; Laws 1995, LB 574, § 34; Laws 2001, LB 408, § 9;    Laws 2002, LB 407, § 13;    Laws 2003, LB 320, § 1;    Laws 2003, LB 760, § 4;    Laws 2004, LB 1097, § 11;    Laws 2005, LB 348, § 2;    Laws 2005, LB 364, § 7;    Laws 2006, LB 1019, § 5;    Laws 2009, LB414, § 2;    Laws 2013, LB263, § 11;    Laws 2013, LB306, § 2;    Laws 2013, LB553, § 1;    Laws 2015, LB468, § 3.    


Annotations

24-703.01. Participation in retirement system; requirements.

On and after July 1, 2010, no judge shall be authorized to participate in the retirement system provided for in the Judges Retirement Act unless the judge (a) is a United States citizen or (b) is a qualified alien under the federal Immigration and Nationality Act, 8 U.S.C. 1101 et seq., as such act existed on January 1, 2009, and is lawfully present in the United States.

Source:Laws 2010, LB950, § 9.    


24-703.02. Repealed. Laws 1998, LB 1191, § 85.

24-703.03. Elections authorized.

Any future member who has not previously retired prior to July 1, 2004, may elect to make contributions as provided in subdivision (2)(b) of section 24-703 and receive benefits as described in sections 24-707.01 and 24-708. Such election shall be made by written notice delivered to the board not later than ninety days after July 1, 2004.

Source:Laws 2004, LB 1097, § 8.    


24-704. Administration of system; Public Employees Retirement Board, Auditor of Public Accounts, and Nebraska Investment Council; duties; employer education program.

(1) The general administration of the retirement system for judges provided for in the Judges Retirement Act, except the investment of funds, is hereby vested in the board. The Auditor of Public Accounts shall make an annual audit of the retirement system and electronically file an annual report of its condition with the Clerk of the Legislature. Each member of the Legislature shall receive an electronic copy of the annual report by making a request for such report to the Auditor of Public Accounts. The board shall adopt and promulgate rules and regulations as may be necessary to carry out the Judges Retirement Act.

(2)(a) The board shall employ a director and such assistants and employees as may be necessary to efficiently discharge the duties imposed by the act. The director shall keep a record of all acts and proceedings taken by the board.

(b) The director shall keep a complete record of all members with respect to name, current address, age, contributions, length of service, compensation, and any other facts as may be necessary in the administration of the act. The information in the records shall be provided by the State Court Administrator in an accurate and verifiable form, as specified by the director. The director shall, from time to time, carry out testing procedures pursuant to section 84-1512 to verify the accuracy of such information. For the purpose of obtaining such facts and information, the director shall have access to the records of the various state departments and agencies and the holder of the records shall comply with a request by the director for access by providing such facts and information to the director in a timely manner. A certified copy of a birth certificate or delayed birth certificate shall be prima facie evidence of the age of the person named in the certificate.

(c) The director shall develop and implement an employer education program using principles generally accepted by public employee retirement systems so that all employers have the knowledge and information necessary to prepare and file reports as the board requires.

(3) Information necessary to determine membership in the retirement system shall be provided by the State Court Administrator.

(4) Any funds of the retirement system available for investment shall be invested by the Nebraska Investment Council pursuant to the Nebraska Capital Expansion Act and the Nebraska State Funds Investment Act. Payment for investment services by the council shall be charged directly against the gross investment returns of the funds. Charges so incurred shall not be a part of the board's annual budget request. The amounts of payment for such services, as of December 31 of each year, shall be reported not later than March 31 of the following year to the council, the board, and the Nebraska Retirement Systems Committee of the Legislature. The report submitted to the committee shall be submitted electronically. The state investment officer shall sell any such securities upon request from the director so as to provide money for the payment of benefits or annuities.

Source:Laws 1955, c. 83, § 4, p. 246; Laws 1971, LB 987, § 6; Laws 1979, LB 322, § 6; Laws 1986, LB 311, § 10; Laws 1991, LB 549, § 17; Laws 1994, LB 833, § 15; Laws 1994, LB 1066, § 18; Laws 1995, LB 369, § 4; Laws 1996, LB 847, § 13; Laws 2000, LB 1192, § 5;    Laws 2005, LB 503, § 4;    Laws 2012, LB782, § 24.    


Cross References

24-704.01. Board; power to adjust contributions and benefits; overpayment of benefits; investigatory powers; subpoenas.

(1)(a) If the board determines that the retirement system has previously received contributions or distributed benefits which for any reason are not in accordance with the Judges Retirement Act, the board shall refund contributions, require additional contributions, adjust benefits, or require repayment of benefits paid. In the event of an overpayment of a benefit, the board may, in addition to other remedies, offset future benefit payments by the amount of the prior overpayment, together with regular interest thereon. In the event of an underpayment of a benefit, the board shall immediately make payment equal to the deficit amount plus regular interest.

(b) The board shall have the power, through the director of the Nebraska Public Employees Retirement Systems or the director's designee, to make a thorough investigation of any overpayment of a benefit, when in the judgment of the retirement system such investigation is necessary, including, but not limited to, circumstances in which benefit payments are made after the death of a member or beneficiary and the retirement system is not made aware of such member's or beneficiary's death. In connection with any such investigation, the board, through the director or the director's designee, shall have the power to compel the attendance of witnesses and the production of books, papers, records, and documents, whether in hardcopy, electronic form, or otherwise, and issue subpoenas for such purposes. Such subpoenas shall be served in the same manner and have the same effect as subpoenas from district courts.

(2) The board shall adopt and promulgate rules and regulations implementing this section, which shall include, but not be limited to, the following: (a) The procedures for refunding contributions, adjusting future contributions or benefit payments, and requiring additional contributions or repayment of benefits; (b) the process for a member, member's beneficiary, employee, or employer to dispute an adjustment of contributions or benefits; and (c) notice provided to all affected persons. All notices shall be sent prior to an adjustment and shall describe the process for disputing an adjustment of contributions or benefits.

Source:Laws 1996, LB 1076, § 10; Laws 2004, LB 1097, § 12;    Laws 2015, LB40, § 6.    


24-705. Technical and administrative employees; actuary; report; expenses.

The board shall have the power to secure and employ the services of such technical and administrative employees as are necessary to carry out the Judges Retirement Act. Pursuant to subdivision (2)(e) of section 84-1503, the board shall have an annual report prepared by a member of the American Academy of Actuaries showing a complete valuation of the present and prospective assets and liabilities of the fund created by the act. Such valuation shall be on the basis of actuarial assumptions recommended by the actuary, approved by the board, and kept on file with the board. The report shall further include a prospectus of the amount of the appropriation that will be required from the Legislature for the succeeding year. This report shall be furnished electronically to the Clerk of the Legislature at each regular session. Each member of the Legislature shall receive an electronic copy of such report by making a request for it to the director. The employees of the board shall be paid at such rates as the board shall approve. All administrative expenses shall be paid from the retirement fund.

Source:Laws 1955, c. 83, § 5, p. 247; Laws 1971, LB 987, § 7; Laws 1979, LB 322, § 7; Laws 1981, LB 462, § 3; Laws 1994, LB 833, § 18; Laws 1995, LB 502, § 1; Laws 1998, LB 1191, § 37; Laws 2012, LB782, § 25.    


24-706. Termination of employment; return of contributions, when; rejoining system.

(1) Upon termination of employment, any member whose service is terminated prior to age sixty-five for any cause other than death or disability may, upon request to the board:

(a) Have returned to him or her the total amount of contributions which he or she has made to the fund, plus regular interest, and the return of such contributions to such judge shall preclude such judge from any benefits under the Judges Retirement Act unless and until such judge again serves in such capacity and repays his or her withdrawals pursuant to section 24-706.01. If the member chooses not to repay such withdrawals with interest, the member shall enter the retirement system as a new member with no prior rights; or

(b) Leave his or her contributions in the fund and receive a retirement annuity as provided in sections 24-708 and 24-710.

(2) Any member whose service is terminated at or subsequent to age sixty-five shall be considered as beginning normal retirement and annuity payments shall begin as provided in section 24-710.

Source:Laws 1955, c. 83, § 6, p. 247; Laws 1959, c. 95, § 3, p. 412; Laws 1969, c. 178, § 3, p. 765; Laws 1974, LB 905, § 4; Laws 1975, LB 42, § 1; Laws 1986, LB 92, § 3; Laws 1989, LB 506, § 4; Laws 1994, LB 833, § 19; Laws 1996, LB 1076, § 9; Laws 1997, LB 624, § 11; Laws 1999, LB 703, § 5;    Laws 2000, LB 1192, § 6;    Laws 2001, LB 408, § 10.    


24-706.01. Termination of employment prior to eligibility to retire; rejoining system; effect.

A member who terminates employment prior to becoming eligible to retire and again serves as a judge may elect to repay part or all of the amount he or she had withdrawn as a refund pursuant to section 24-706 plus the interest that would have accrued on such amount. Payment shall commence prior to termination of employment, shall not be extended more than five years after the date the member elects to repay his or her refund, and shall be completed prior to termination of employment. Prior service and rights shall be restored in proportion to the amounts repaid, and the prior service and rights of the member shall be fully restored only if he or she repays all accumulated withdrawals plus interest which would have accrued on that amount.

Source:Laws 2001, LB 408, § 11.    


24-707. Death of judge; benefits spouse entitled to receive; contributions paid to beneficiary; when; direct transfer to retirement plan; death while performing qualified military service; additional death benefit.

(1) In the event of the death of a judge prior to retirement, if such judge shall have had five or more years of creditable service, the surviving spouse of such judge shall at his or her option, exercised within twelve months after the date of death, be immediately entitled to receive an annuity which shall be equal to the amount that would have accrued to the member had he or she elected to have the retirement annuity paid as a one-hundred-percent joint and survivor annuity payable as long as either the member or the member's spouse should survive and had the member retired (a) on the date of death if his or her age at death is sixty-five years or more or (b) at age sixty-five years if his or her age at death is less than sixty-five years. If such option is not exercised by such surviving spouse within twelve months after the judge's death, if there is no surviving spouse, or if the judge has not served for five years, then the beneficiary, or the estate if the judge has not filed a statement with the board naming a beneficiary, shall be paid a lump sum equal to all contributions to the fund made by such judge plus regular interest.

(2) In the event of the death of a judge subsequent to retirement, if such judge has not filed a statement of intent with the board to elect to receive any other form of annuity which may be provided for by section 24-710 or elected to make contributions and receive benefits as provided in section 24-703.03, the amount of annuities such judge has received under the provisions of the Judges Retirement Act shall be computed and, if such amount shall be less than the contributions to the fund made by such judge, plus regular interest, the difference shall be paid to the beneficiary or estate.

(3) Benefits to which the surviving spouse, beneficiary, or estate of a judge shall be entitled shall commence immediately upon the death of such judge.

(4) A lump-sum death benefit paid to the member's beneficiary, other than the member's estate, that is an eligible distribution may be distributed in the form of a direct transfer to a retirement plan eligible to receive such transfer under the provisions of the Internal Revenue Code.

(5) For any member whose death occurs on or after January 1, 2007, while performing qualified military service as defined in section 414(u) of the Internal Revenue Code, the member's beneficiary shall be entitled to any additional death benefit that would have been provided, other than the accrual of any benefit relating to the period of qualified military service. The additional death benefit shall be determined as if the member had returned to employment with the State of Nebraska and such employment had terminated on the date of the member's death.

Source:Laws 1955, c. 83, § 7, p. 248; Laws 1973, LB 478, § 1; Laws 1974, LB 905, § 5; Laws 1975, LB 298, § 1; Laws 1977, LB 344, § 4; Laws 1983, LB 223, § 2; Laws 1986, LB 92, 4; Laws 1989, LB 506, § 5; Laws 1994, LB 833, § 20; Laws 1996, LB 1273, § 20; Laws 1997, LB 624, § 12; Laws 2000, LB 1192, § 7;    Laws 2003, LB 451, § 15;    Laws 2004, LB 1097, § 13;    Laws 2007, LB508, § 1;    Laws 2012, LB916, § 15.    


24-707.01. Surviving spouse; benefits; applicable, when.

(1) This section only applies to a judge who first served as a judge on or after July 1, 2004, and to a future member who elects to make contributions and receive benefits as provided in section 24-703.03.

(2) In the event of the death of a judge subsequent to retirement, his or her surviving spouse, if any, shall be entitled to receive, if the surviving spouse was born not more than five years subsequent to the birth of the deceased judge, a monthly benefit payable for life equal to fifty percent of the monthly benefit the retired judge was entitled to receive under the normal form of payment. Such benefit to the surviving spouse shall be provided without actuarial reduction or other assessment to the retired judge in determining his or her benefits. The entire cost of such a benefit shall be assumed by the fund. This benefit value may be applied on an actuarially equivalent basis to any joint and survivor benefit elected by a retiring judge with the surviving spouse as named beneficiary.

(3) In the event that the spouse of a retiring judge was born more than five years subsequent to the birth of the judge, such benefit to the judge described under subsection (2) of this section shall be reduced by the actuarial cost of providing a benefit to the surviving spouse equal to fifty percent of the benefit the retired judge was entitled to receive. The reduction to the retired judge's benefit shall be limited to that portion of the actuarial cost that exceeds the actuarial cost if the spouse was born five years subsequent to the judge. In the event of the death of a retired judge as described by this subsection, his or her surviving spouse shall receive a monthly benefit payable for life equal to fifty percent of the monthly benefit received by the deceased judge.

(4) This section shall not prevent a retiring judge from contracting to provide a larger percentage of benefit for a surviving spouse under other applicable statutes.

Source:Laws 2004, LB 1097, § 7.    


24-708. Retirement of judge; when; deferment of payment; board; duties.

(1) Except as provided in section 24-721, a judge may retire upon reaching the age of sixty-five years and upon making application to the board. Upon retiring each such judge shall receive retirement annuities as provided in section 24-710.

(2) Except as provided in section 24-721, a judge may retire upon reaching the age of fifty-five years and elect to receive a reduced monthly retirement income in lieu of a deferred vested annuity. The judge may request that the reduced monthly retirement income commence at any date, beginning on the first day of the month following the actual retirement date and ending on the normal retirement date. The amount of the reduced monthly retirement income shall be calculated based on the length of creditable service and average compensation at the actual retirement date. When a judge has elected to receive a reduced monthly retirement income to commence at the age of sixty-four years, the monthly payments shall be reduced by three percent. When a judge has elected to receive a reduced monthly retirement income to commence at the age of sixty-three years, the monthly payments shall be reduced by six percent. When a judge has elected to receive a reduced monthly retirement income to commence at the age of sixty-two years, the monthly payments shall be reduced by nine percent. When a judge has elected to receive a reduced monthly retirement income to commence prior to the age of sixty-two years, the monthly payments shall be further reduced to an amount that is actuarially equivalent to the amount payable at the age of sixty-two years.

(3) Payment of any benefit provided under the Judges Retirement Act may not be deferred later than April 1 of the year following the year in which the judge has both attained at least age seventy and one-half years and terminated his or her employment as a judge.

(4) The effective date of retirement payments shall be the first day of the month following (a) the date a member qualifies for retirement as provided in this section or (b) the date upon which a member's request for retirement is received on an application form provided by the retirement system, whichever is later. An application may be filed no more than one hundred twenty days in advance of qualifying for retirement.

(5) The board shall make reasonable efforts to locate the member or the member's beneficiary and distribute benefits by the required beginning date as specified by section 401(a)(9) of the Internal Revenue Code and the regulations issued thereunder. If the board is unable to make such a distribution, the benefit shall be distributed pursuant to the Uniform Disposition of Unclaimed Property Act and no amounts may be applied to increase the benefits any member would otherwise receive under the Judges Retirement Act.

Source:Laws 1955, c. 83, § 8, p. 248; Laws 1957, c. 78, § 2, p. 317; Laws 1957, c. 79, § 3, p. 322; Laws 1965, c. 115, § 3, p. 444; Laws 1972, LB 1032, § 123; Laws 1973, LB 353, § 1; Laws 1984, LB 750, § 2; Laws 1986, LB 311, § 11; Laws 1987, LB 296, § 2; Laws 1989, LB 506, § 6; Laws 1994, LB 833, § 21; Laws 1997, LB 624, § 13; Laws 2003, LB 320, § 2;    Laws 2003, LB 451, § 16;    Laws 2004, LB 1097, § 14;    Laws 2008, LB1147, § 5;    Laws 2017, LB415, § 19.    
Effective Date: May 24, 2017


Cross References

24-708.01. Retired member; reemployment; how treated.

For a member who retired under section 24-708 and becomes employed full-time or part-time as a judge in the state after his or her retirement date, the retired member shall continue receiving retirement benefits, shall be treated as a new judge for all purposes of the Judges Retirement Act, and shall receive service credit only for service commencing from the date of reemployment. Retired judges who are assigned to temporary duty as provided in sections 24-729 to 24-733 shall not become contributing active members in the retirement system and shall not receive any service credits.

Source:Laws 1997, LB 624, § 14.


24-709. Judge; physically or mentally disabled; retirement; Commission on Judicial Qualifications; application; examination; benefits.

Any judge, except a clerk magistrate, who has become physically or mentally disabled, which disability seriously interferes with the performance of his or her duties and which disability is determined to be permanent or reasonably likely to become permanent, may, upon being found so disabled by the Commission on Judicial Qualifications, retire or be retired, and upon such retirement he or she shall be entitled to receive the retirement annuity as provided in section 24-710. Any judge, or the guardian of any judge, so permanently disabled desiring to so retire, shall file an application for such retirement with the commission, which application shall be in such form and contain such information as such commission shall require. Such commission may require such judge to be examined by a physician appointed by the commission and may require such other evidence and proof of disability as it deems necessary to reach a determination as to whether such judge is so permanently disabled. If the commission determines that any such judge is so permanently disabled, it shall promptly notify the judge and the Public Employees Retirement Board and thereupon such judge shall be placed on retirement by the board and receive the retirement annuity each month as is provided in section 24-710.

Source:Laws 1955, c. 83, § 9, p. 248; Laws 1971, LB 987, § 8; Laws 1983, LB 223, § 3; Laws 1986, LB 529, § 19.


24-709.01. Judicial retirement proceedings before Commission on Judicial Qualifications; confidential.

All documents filed with and proceedings before the Commission on Judicial Qualifications pursuant to sections 24-709 and 24-712 shall be confidential.

Source:Laws 1981, LB 475, § 12; Laws 2000, LB 1192, § 8.    


24-709.02. Certain clerk magistrates; disabled; retirement; Public Employees Retirement Board; application; examination; benefits.

(1) Clerk magistrates who were associate county judges and members of the fund at the time of their appointment as clerk magistrates shall have questions of disability decided by the Public Employees Retirement Board. Any such clerk magistrate may be retired as a result of disability either upon his or her own application or upon the application of an employer or any person acting in his or her behalf. Upon such retirement he or she shall be entitled to receive the retirement annuity as provided in section 24-710. Before any such clerk magistrate may be retired, a medical examination shall be made at the expense of the Nebraska Retirement Fund for Judges, which examination shall be conducted by a disinterested physician legally authorized to practice medicine under the laws of the state in which he or she practices, such physician to be selected by the board, and the physician shall certify to the board that the clerk magistrate is physically or mentally incapable of further performing his or her duties and should be retired. The application for disability retirement shall be made within one year of termination of employment.

(2) The board may require any such disability beneficiary who has not attained the age of sixty-five to undergo a medical examination at the expense of the board once each year. Should any disability beneficiary refuse to undergo such an examination, his or her disability retirement benefit may be discontinued by the board.

Source:Laws 1983, LB 223, § 5; Laws 1986, LB 529, § 20; Laws 1997, LB 623, § 9.


24-710. Judges; retirement annuity; amount; how computed; cost-of-living adjustment.

(1) The retirement annuity of a judge who is an original member, who has not made the election provided for in subsection (8) of section 24-703 or section 24-710.01, and who retires under section 24-708 or 24-709 shall be computed as follows: Each such judge shall be entitled to receive an annuity, each monthly payment of which shall be in an amount equal to three and one-third percent of his or her final average compensation as such judge, multiplied by the number of his or her years of creditable service. The amount stated in this section shall be supplemental to any benefits received by such judge under the Nebraska and federal old age and survivors' insurance acts at the date of retirement, but the monthly combined benefits received thereunder and by the Judges Retirement Act shall not exceed sixty-five percent of the final average compensation such judge was receiving when he or she last served as such judge. The amount of retirement annuity of a judge who retires under section 24-708 or 24-709 shall not be less than twenty-five dollars per month if he or she has four years or more of service credit.

(2) The retirement annuity of a judge who is a future member and who retires after July 1, 1986, under section 24-708 or 24-709 shall be computed as follows: Each such judge shall be entitled to receive an annuity, each monthly payment of which shall be in an amount equal to three and one-half percent of his or her final average compensation as such judge, multiplied by the number of his or her years of creditable service, except that prior to an actuarial factor adjustment for purposes of calculating an optional form of annuity benefits under subsection (3) of this section, the monthly benefits received under this subsection shall not exceed seventy percent of the final average compensation such judge was receiving when he or she last served as such judge.

(3) Except as provided in section 42-1107, any member may, when filing an application as provided by the retirement system, elect to receive, in lieu of the normal form annuity benefits to which the member or his or her beneficiary may otherwise be entitled under the Judges Retirement Act, an optional form of annuity benefits which the board may by rules and regulations provide, the value of which, determined by accepted actuarial methods and on the basis of actuarial assumptions recommended by the actuary, approved by the board, and kept on file in the office of the director, is equal to the value of the benefit replaced. The board shall (a) adopt and promulgate appropriate rules and regulations establishing joint and survivorship annuities, with and without reduction on the death of the first annuitant, and such other forms of annuities as may in its judgment be appropriate and establishing benefits as provided in sections 24-707 and 24-707.01, (b) prescribe appropriate forms for making the election by the members, and (c) provide for the necessary actuarial services to make the required valuations.

(4) A one-time cost-of-living adjustment shall be made for each retired judge and each surviving beneficiary who is receiving a retirement annuity as provided for in this section. The annuity shall be adjusted by the increase in the cost of living or wage levels between the effective date of retirement and June 30, 1992, except that such increases shall not exceed three percent per year of retirement and the total increase shall not exceed two hundred fifty dollars per month.

Source:Laws 1955, c. 83, § 10, p. 249; Laws 1957, c. 79, § 4, p. 323; Laws 1959, c. 95, § 4, p. 413; Laws 1965, c. 116, § 3, p. 448; Laws 1965, c. 117, § 1, p. 489; Laws 1969, c. 178, § 4, p. 766; Laws 1973, LB 478, § 2; Laws 1974, LB 740, § 1; Laws 1975, LB 49, § 1; Laws 1977, LB 467, § 2; Laws 1977, LB 344, § 5; Laws 1981, LB 459, § 4; Laws 1981, LB 462, § 4; Laws 1986, LB 92, § 5; Laws 1986, LB 311, § 13; Laws 1989, LB 506, § 7; Laws 1991, LB 549, § 18; Laws 1992, LB 672, § 32; Laws 1992, LB 682, § 3; Laws 1994, LB 833, § 22; Laws 1996, LB 1273, § 21; Laws 1997, LB 624, § 15; Laws 2004, LB 1097, § 15;    Laws 2011, LB509, § 11.    


24-710.01. Judges; alternative contribution rate and retirement benefit; election; notice.

Any original member, as defined in subdivision (18) of section 24-701, who has not previously retired, may elect to make contributions and receive benefits pursuant to subsection (2) of section 24-703 and subsection (2) of section 24-710, instead of those provided by subsection (1) of section 24-703 and subsection (1) of section 24-710. Such election shall be by written notice delivered to the board not later than November 1, 1981. Such member shall thereafter be considered a future member.

Source:Laws 1977, LB 344, § 1; Laws 1981, LB 459, § 5; Laws 1986, LB 92, § 6; Laws 2016, LB790, § 3;    Laws 2017, LB415, § 20.    
Effective Date: May 24, 2017


24-710.02. Retirement benefits; exemption from legal process; exception.

All annuities or benefits which any person shall be entitled to receive under the Judges Retirement Act shall not be subject to garnishment, attachment, levy, the operation of bankruptcy or insolvency laws, or any other process of law whatsoever and shall not be assignable except to the extent that such annuities or benefits are subject to a qualified domestic relations order under the Spousal Pension Rights Act.

Source:Laws 1986, LB 311, § 12; Laws 1989, LB 506, § 8; Laws 1994, LB 833, § 23; Laws 1995, LB 574, § 37; Laws 1996, LB 1273, § 22; Laws 2004, LB 1097, § 16;    Laws 2012, LB916, § 16;    Laws 2015, LB40, § 7.    


Cross References

24-710.03. Judges; purchase of service credit; application of section.

Any future member who has served as a judge for eighteen years but less than twenty years prior to July 15, 1992, and who has, prior to such date, contributed and earned the maximum benefit pursuant to subsection (2) of section 24-710 may purchase up to two years of service credit in order to qualify for the maximum benefit in effect after July 15, 1992. Service credit may only be purchased for actual time served as a judge. The amount to be paid shall not exceed the amount the member would have paid into the system based on the compensation and two years of service immediately following the year in which the member reached the maximum benefit in effect prior to July 15, 1992, plus the interest on that amount which would have accrued under the retirement system provided by the Judges Retirement Act. Any payment made pursuant to this section by a member to qualify for the maximum benefit in effect after July 15, 1992, shall be received by the retirement system office by December 31, 1993. Any such payment shall be made in a single lump sum.

This section shall not apply to any member who retires prior to July 15, 1992.

Source:Laws 1992, LB 682, § 4; Laws 1993, LB 363, § 1; Laws 1994, LB 833, § 24; Laws 1996, LB 847, § 17.


24-710.04. Reemployment; military service; credit; effect.

(1) Any judge who returns to service as a judge for the State of Nebraska pursuant to 38 U.S.C. 4301 et seq., shall be treated as not having incurred a break in service by reason of the judge's period of military service. Such military service shall be credited for purposes of determining the nonforfeitability of the member's accrued benefits and the accrual of benefits under the plan.

(2) The state shall be liable for funding any obligation of the plan to provide benefits based upon such period of military service. To satisfy the liability, the state court administrator shall pay to the retirement system an amount equal to:

(a) The sum of the judge's contributions that would have been paid during such period of military service; and

(b) Any actuarial costs necessary to fund the obligation of the plan to provide benefits based upon such period of military service. For the purposes of determining the amount of such liability and obligation of the plan, earnings and forfeitures, gains and losses, regular interest, or interest credits that would have accrued on the judge's contributions that are paid by the state court administrator pursuant to this section shall not be included.

(3) The amount required in subsection (2) of this section shall be paid to the retirement system as soon as reasonably practicable following the date the judge returns to service as a judge for the State of Nebraska, but must be paid within eighteen months of the date the board notifies the state court administrator of the amount due. If the state court administrator fails to pay the required amount within such eighteen-month period, then the state court administrator is also responsible for any actuarial costs and interest on actuarial costs that accrue from eighteen months after the date the state court administrator is notified by the board until the date the amount is paid.

(4) The board may adopt and promulgate rules and regulations to carry out this section, including, but not limited to, rules and regulations on:

(a) How and when the judge and state court administrator must notify the retirement system of a period of military service;

(b) The acceptable methods of payment;

(c) Determining the service and compensation upon which the contributions must be made;

(d) Accelerating the payment from the state court administrator due to unforeseen circumstances that occur before payment is made pursuant to this section, including, but not limited to, the judge's termination or retirement or the court's reorganization, consolidation, or merger; and

(e) The documentation required to substantiate that the judge returned to service as a judge for the State of Nebraska pursuant to 38 U.S.C. 4301 et seq.

(5) This section only applies to military service that falls within the definition of uniformed service under 38 U.S.C. 4301 et seq. Military service does not include service provided pursuant to sections 55-101 to 55-181.

Source:Laws 1996, LB 847, § 14; Laws 2017, LB415, § 21.    
Effective Date: May 24, 2017


24-710.05. Direct rollover; terms, defined; distributee; powers; board; duties.

(1) For purposes of this section and section 24-710.06:

(a) Distributee means the member, the member's surviving spouse, or the member's former spouse who is an alternate payee under a qualified domestic relations order as defined in section 414(p) of the Internal Revenue Code;

(b) Direct rollover means a payment by the retirement system to the eligible retirement plan or plans specified by the distributee;

(c) Eligible retirement plan means (i) an individual retirement account described in section 408(a) of the Internal Revenue Code, (ii) an individual retirement annuity described in section 408(b) of the code, except for an endowment contract, (iii) a qualified plan described in section 401(a) of the code, (iv) an annuity plan described in section 403(a) or 403(b) of the code, (v) except for purposes of section 24-710.06, an individual retirement plan described in section 408A of the code, and (vi) a plan described in section 457(b) of the code and maintained by a governmental employer. For eligible rollover distributions to a surviving spouse, an eligible retirement plan means subdivisions (1)(c)(i) through (vi) of this section; and

(d) Eligible rollover distribution means any distribution to a distributee of all or any portion of the balance to the credit of the distributee in the plan, except such term shall not include any distribution which is one of a series of substantially equal periodic payments, not less frequently than annually, made for the life of the distributee or joint lives of the distributee and the distributee's beneficiary or for the specified period of ten years or more and shall not include any distribution to the extent such distribution is required under section 401(a)(9) of the Internal Revenue Code.

(2) For distributions made to a distributee on or after January 1, 1993, a distributee may elect to have any portion of an eligible rollover distribution paid directly to an eligible retirement plan specified by the distributee.

(3) A member's surviving spouse or former spouse who is an alternate payee under a qualified domestic relations order and, on or after July 1, 2010, any designated beneficiary of a member who is not a surviving spouse or former spouse who is entitled to receive an eligible rollover distribution from the retirement system may, in accordance with such rules, regulations, and limitations as may be established by the board, elect to have such distribution made in the form of a direct transfer to a retirement plan eligible to receive such transfer under the provisions of the Internal Revenue Code.

(4) An eligible rollover distribution on behalf of a designated beneficiary of a member who is not a surviving spouse or former spouse of the member may be transferred to an individual retirement account or annuity described in section 408(a) or section 408(b) of the Internal Revenue Code that is established for the purpose of receiving the distribution on behalf of the designated beneficiary and that will be treated as an inherited individual retirement account or individual retirement annuity described in section 408(d)(3)(C) of the Internal Revenue Code.

(5) The board shall adopt and promulgate rules and regulations for direct rollover procedures which are consistent with section 401(a)(31) of the Internal Revenue Code and which include, but are not limited to, the form and time of direct rollover distributions.

Source:Laws 1996, LB 847, § 15; Laws 2002, LB 407, § 14;    Laws 2012, LB916, § 17.    


24-710.06. Retirement system; accept payments and rollovers; limitations; board; duties.

(1) The retirement system may accept cash rollover contributions from a member who is making payment pursuant to section 24-706 if the contributions do not exceed the amount of payment required for the service credits purchased by the member pursuant to such section and the contributions represent (a) all or any portion of the balance of the member's interest in a qualified plan under section 401(a) of the Internal Revenue Code or (b) the interest of the member from an individual retirement account or an individual retirement annuity, the entire amount of which is attributable to a qualified total distribution, as defined in the Internal Revenue Code, from a qualified plan under section 401(a) of the code and qualified as a tax-free rollover amount. The member's interest under subdivision (a) or (b) of this subsection must be transferred to the retirement system within sixty days from the date of the distribution from the qualified plan, individual retirement account, or individual retirement annuity.

(2) Cash transferred to the retirement system as a rollover contribution shall be deposited as other payments for service credits.

(3) Under the same conditions as provided in subsection (1) of this section, the retirement system may accept eligible rollover distributions from (a) an annuity contract described in section 403(b) of the Internal Revenue Code, (b) a plan described in section 457(b) of the code which is maintained by a state, a political subdivision of a state, or any agency or instrumentality of a state or political subdivision of a state, or (c) the portion of a distribution from an individual retirement account or annuity described in section 408(a) or 408(b) of the code that is eligible to be rolled over and would otherwise be includible in gross income. Amounts accepted pursuant to this subsection shall be deposited as all other payments under this section.

(4) The retirement system may accept direct rollover distributions made from a qualified plan pursuant to section 401(a)(31) of the Internal Revenue Code. The direct rollover distribution shall be deposited as all other payments under this section.

(5) The board shall adopt and promulgate rules and regulations defining procedures for acceptance of rollovers which are consistent with sections 401(a)(31) and 402 of the Internal Revenue Code.

Source:Laws 1996, LB 847, § 16; Laws 2002, LB 407, § 15.    


24-710.07. Repealed. Laws 2011, LB 509, § 55.

24-710.08. Repealed. Laws 1999, LB 674, § 12.

24-710.09. Repealed. Laws 2011, LB 509, § 55.

24-710.10. Repealed. Laws 2011, LB 509, § 55.

24-710.11. Repealed. Laws 2011, LB 509, § 55.

24-710.12. Retirement system; accept transfers; limitations; how treated.

The retirement system may accept as payment for withdrawn amounts made pursuant to the Judges Retirement Act a direct trustee-to-trustee transfer from (1) an eligible tax-sheltered annuity plan as described in section 403(b) of the Internal Revenue Code or (2) an eligible deferred compensation plan as described in section 457(b) of the code on behalf of a member who is making payments for such amounts. The amount transferred shall not exceed the amount withdrawn and such transferred amount shall qualify as a purchase of permissive service credit by the member as defined in section 415 of the code.

Source:Laws 2002, LB 407, § 16.    


24-710.13. Judges who became members prior to July 1, 2015; annual benefit adjustment; cost-of-living adjustment calculation method.

On July 1 of each year, for judges who became members prior to July 1, 2015:

(1) The board shall determine the number of retired members or beneficiaries in the retirement system who became members prior to July 1, 2015, and an annual benefit adjustment shall be made by the board for each retired member or beneficiary under one of the cost-of-living adjustment calculation methods found in subdivision (2), (3), or (4) of this section. Each retired member or beneficiary, if eligible, shall receive an annual benefit adjustment under the cost-of-living adjustment calculation method that provides the retired member or beneficiary the greatest annual benefit adjustment increase. No retired member or beneficiary shall receive an annual benefit adjustment under more than one of the cost-of-living adjustment calculation methods provided in this section;

(2) The current benefit paid to a retired member or beneficiary under this subdivision shall be adjusted so that the purchasing power of the benefit being paid is not less than seventy-five percent of the purchasing power of the initial benefit. The purchasing power of the initial benefit in any year following the year in which the initial benefit commenced shall be calculated by dividing the United States Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers factor on June 30 of the current year by the Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers factor on June 30 of the year in which the benefit commenced. The result shall be multiplied by the product that results when the amount of the initial benefit is multiplied by seventy-five percent. In any year in which applying the adjustment provided in subdivision (3) of this section results in a benefit which would be less than seventy-five percent of the purchasing power of the initial benefit as calculated in this subdivision, the adjustment shall instead be equal to the percentage change in the Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers factor from the prior year to the current year;

(3) The current benefit paid to a retired member or beneficiary under this subdivision shall be increased annually by the lesser of (a) the percentage change in the Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers for the period between June 30 of the prior year to June 30 of the present year or (b) two and one-half percent;

(4)(a) The current benefit paid to a retired member or beneficiary under this subdivision shall be calculated by multiplying the retired member's or beneficiary's total monthly benefit by the lesser of (i) the cumulative change in the Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers from the last adjustment of the total monthly benefit of each retired member or beneficiary through June 30 of the year for which the annual benefit adjustment is being calculated or (ii) an amount equal to three percent per annum compounded for the period from the last adjustment of the total monthly benefit of each retired member or beneficiary through June 30 of the year for which the annual benefit adjustment is being calculated.

(b) In order for a retired member or beneficiary to receive the cost-of-living adjustment calculation method provided in this subdivision, the retired member or beneficiary shall be (i) a retired member or beneficiary who has been receiving a retirement benefit for at least five years if the member had at least twenty-five years of creditable service, (ii) a member who has been receiving a disability retirement benefit for at least five years pursuant to section 24-709, or (iii) a beneficiary who has been receiving a death benefit pursuant to section 24-707 or 24-707.01 for at least five years, if the member's or beneficiary's monthly accrual rate is less than or equal to the minimum accrual rate as determined by this subdivision.

(c) The monthly accrual rate under this subdivision is the retired member's or beneficiary's total monthly benefit divided by the number of years of creditable service earned by the retired or deceased member.

(d) The total monthly benefit under this subdivision is the total benefit received by a retired member or beneficiary pursuant to the Judges Retirement Act and previous adjustments made pursuant to this section or any other provision of the act that grants a benefit or cost-of-living increase, but the total monthly benefit shall not include sums received by an eligible retired member or eligible beneficiary from federal sources.

(e) The board shall annually adjust the minimum accrual rate to reflect the cumulative percentage change in the Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers from the last adjustment of the minimum accrual rate;

(5) On July 1 of each year, each retired member or beneficiary shall receive the sum of the annual benefit adjustment and such retiree's total monthly benefit less withholding, which sum shall be the retired member's or beneficiary's adjusted total monthly benefit. Each retired member or beneficiary shall receive the adjusted total monthly benefit until the expiration of the annuity option selected by the member or until the retired member or beneficiary again qualifies for the annual benefit adjustment, whichever occurs first;

(6) The annual benefit adjustment pursuant to this section shall not cause a current benefit to be reduced, and a retired member or beneficiary shall never receive less than the adjusted total monthly benefit until the annuity option selected by the member expires; and

(7) The board shall adjust the annual benefit adjustment provided in this section so that the cost-of-living adjustment provided to the retired member or beneficiary at the time of the annual benefit adjustment does not exceed the change in the Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers for the period between June 30 of the prior year to June 30 of the present year. If the consumer price index used in this section is discontinued or replaced, a substitute index published by the United States Department of Labor shall be selected by the board which shall be a reasonable representative measurement of the cost-of-living for retired employees.

Source:Laws 2011, LB509, § 10;    Laws 2013, LB263, § 12;    Laws 2013, LB306, § 3;    Laws 2015, LB468, § 4.    


24-710.14. Judges who became members on or after July 1, 2015; annual benefit adjustment.

On July 1 of each year, for judges who became members on or after July 1, 2015:

(1) The board shall determine the number of retired members or beneficiaries in the retirement system who became members on or after July 1, 2015, and an annual benefit adjustment shall be made by the board for each retired member or beneficiary. The benefit paid to a retired member or beneficiary under this section shall be increased annually by the lesser of (a) the percentage change in the Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers for the period between June 30 of the prior year to June 30 of the present year or (b) one percent. If the consumer price index used in this section is discontinued or replaced, a substitute index published by the United States Department of Labor shall be selected by the board which shall be a reasonable representative measurement of the cost-of-living for retired employees;

(2) Each retired member or beneficiary shall receive the sum of the annual benefit adjustment and such retiree's total monthly benefit less withholding, which sum shall be the retired member's or beneficiary's adjusted total monthly benefit. Each retired member or beneficiary shall receive the adjusted total monthly benefit until the expiration of the annuity option selected by the member or until the retired member or beneficiary again qualifies for the annual benefit adjustment, whichever occurs first; and

(3) The annual benefit adjustment pursuant to this section shall not cause a current benefit to be reduced, and a retired member or beneficiary shall never receive less than the adjusted total monthly benefit until the annuity option selected by the member expires.

Source:Laws 2015, LB468, § 5.    


24-710.15. Judges who became members on and after July 1, 2015; cost-of-living payment.

(1) Beginning July 1, 2015, for judges who become members on and after July 1, 2015, if the annual valuation made by the actuary, as approved by the board, indicates that the system is fully funded and has sufficient actuarial surplus to provide for a supplemental lump-sum cost-of-living payment, the board may, in its discretion, elect to pay a maximum one and one-half percent supplemental lump-sum cost-of-living payment to each retired member or beneficiary based on the retired member's or beneficiary's total monthly benefit through June 30 of the year for which the supplemental lump-sum cost-of-living payment is being calculated. The supplemental lump-sum cost-of-living payment shall be paid within sixty days after the board's decision. In no event shall the board declare a supplemental lump-sum cost-of-living payment if such payment would cause the plan to be less than fully funded.

(2) For purposes of this section, fully funded means the unfunded actuarial accrued liability, based on the lesser of the actuarial value and the market value, under the entry age actuarial cost method is less than zero on the most recent actuarial valuation date.

(3) Any decision or determination by the board to declare or not declare a cost-of-living payment or as to whether the annual valuation indicates a sufficient actuarial surplus to provide for a cost-of-living payment shall be made in the sole, absolute, and final discretion of the board and shall not be subject to challenge by any member or beneficiary. In no event shall the Legislature be constrained or limited in amending the system notwithstanding the effect of any such change upon the actuarial surplus of the system and the ability of the board to declare future cost-of-living payments.

Source:Laws 2015, LB468, § 6;    Laws 2017, LB415, § 22.    
Effective Date: May 24, 2017


24-711. Retired judge; statement of facts; contents; false or fraudulent actions; prohibited acts; penalty; denial of benefits.

(1) Any judge who retires under the provisions of section 24-708 or 24-709, or his or her guardian, shall give to the board a statement of facts which shall include an accurate record of all service claimed by such judge, his or her compensation when he or she last served as a judge, the amount of contributions he or she has made to the fund, the amount of benefits he or she is receiving or shall be entitled to receive under the Nebraska and federal old-age and survivors insurance acts, designation of beneficiary, and any other information the board may request. The board shall determine the accuracy of all pertinent facts claimed and may call a hearing to determine any or all matters necessary in order to determine the amount of the annuity to which such judge is entitled. After obtaining all facts it deems necessary, the board shall render its decision as to the amount of the annuity, if any, to which such judge shall be entitled.

(2) Any person who, knowing it to be false or fraudulent, presents or causes to be presented a false or fraudulent claim or benefit application, any false or fraudulent proof in support of such a claim or benefit, or false or fraudulent information which would affect a future claim or benefit application to be paid under the retirement system for the purpose of defrauding or attempting to defraud the retirement system shall be guilty of a Class II misdemeanor. The retirement board shall deny any benefits that it determines are based on false or fraudulent information and shall have a cause of action against the member to recover any benefits already paid on the basis of such information.

Source:Laws 1955, c. 83, § 11, p. 249; Laws 1991, LB 549, § 19; Laws 1998, LB 1191, § 38.


24-712. Annuity payments; continuation; physical examinations, when; cost.

Annuity payments to a judge, who has retired under the provisions of section 24-708, shall continue until the end of the month in which such judge shall die. The last annuity payment and any other payments to which such judge shall be entitled and which have not been paid at the time of his or her death shall be paid to his or her beneficiary. A judge who is receiving annuity payments, under the provisions of section 24-709, shall continue to receive such annuities as long as he or she is permanently disabled, and if such judge shall die while so disabled, payment of annuities shall be terminated in the same manner as provided for a judge who dies subsequent to his or her retirement. Any judge, who is receiving annuities under the provisions of section 24-709, may be required by the commission to submit to a reexamination at any time. Any such judge shall have the right to a reexamination, upon an application to the commission, but not more often than once every six months. A physician appointed by the commission shall make such examinations and report his or her findings to the commission which shall make a determination. If the commission shall find that the permanent disability no longer exists, it shall so notify the judge and the board shall discontinue annuity payments to such judge unless the judge has in the meantime qualified for retirement by reason of his or her age. If any judge refuses to submit to such reexamination, the commission shall immediately terminate all annuity payments to such judge. Costs incurred by the commission for the services of a physician, as authorized by the provisions of section 24-709 and this section, shall be paid by the commission out of money from the fund.

Source:Laws 1955, c. 83, § 12, p. 250; Laws 1971, LB 987, § 9; Laws 1994, LB 833, § 25.


Cross References

24-713. State Treasurer; duties; warrants.

The State Treasurer shall be the custodian of the funds and securities of the retirement system and may deposit the funds and securities in any financial institution approved by the Nebraska Investment Council. The Director of Administrative Services is directed to draw warrants on the State Treasurer against the fund for authorized expenditures upon duly itemized vouchers signed by a person authorized by the retirement board. The State Treasurer shall transmit monthly to the board a detailed statement showing all credits to and disbursements from the funds in his or her custody belonging to the retirement system.

Source:Laws 1955, c. 83, § 13, p. 250; Laws 1969, c. 178, § 5, p. 767; Laws 1997, LB 623, § 10.


24-713.01. Limitation of actions.

Every claim and demand under the Judges Retirement Act and against the retirement system or the board shall be forever barred unless the action is brought within two years of the time at which the claim accrued.

Source:Laws 1996, LB 1076, § 11; Laws 2004, LB 1097, § 19.    


24-713.02. Retirement system contributions, property, and rights; how treated.

All contributions to the retirement system, all property and rights purchased with the contributions, and all investment income attributable to the contributions, property, or rights shall be held in trust by the State of Nebraska for the exclusive benefit of members and their beneficiaries and shall only be used to pay benefits to such persons and to pay administrative expenses according to the provisions of the Judges Retirement Act.

Source:Laws 1998, LB 1191, § 39.


24-713.03. Termination of system or contributions; effect.

Upon termination or partial termination of the retirement system or upon complete discontinuance of contributions under the retirement system, the rights of all affected members to benefits accrued to the date of such termination, partial termination, or discontinuance, to the extent funded as of such date, shall be nonforfeitable.

Source:Laws 1998, LB 1191, § 40.


24-714. Retirement of judge; effect; filling of vacancy.

When the Chief Justice or a judge of the Supreme Court, a judge of the Court of Appeals, a judge of the district court, or a judge of the Nebraska Workers' Compensation Court becomes retired under the Judges Retirement Act, he or she shall be relieved of further active duties on the court. The Governor may fill the vacancy caused by such retirement the same as when a vacancy exists on that court for any other reason. When a judge of the county court or judge of a separate juvenile court becomes retired under the provisions of such sections, he or she shall also be relieved of further active duties and a vacancy shall be deemed to exist, which vacancy shall be filled as provided by law.

Source:Laws 1955, c. 83, § 14, p. 251; Laws 1957, c. 78, § 3, p. 317; Laws 1957, c. 79, § 5, p. 323; Laws 1959, c. 189, § 15, p. 691; Laws 1965, c. 115, § 4, p. 444; Laws 1984, LB 13, § 34; Laws 1991, LB 732, § 38; Laws 1994, LB 833, § 26; Laws 2004, LB 1097, § 20.    


24-715. Commission on Judicial Qualifications; created; members; appointment.

Pursuant to the Constitution of the State of Nebraska, there is hereby created a Commission on Judicial Qualifications consisting of: (1) Three judges, including one district court judge, one county court judge, and one judge of any other court inferior to the Supreme Court as now exists or may hereafter be created by law, all of whom shall be appointed by the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court; (2) three members of the Nebraska State Bar Association who shall have practiced law in this state for at least ten years and who shall be appointed by the Executive Council of the Nebraska State Bar Association; (3) three citizens, none of whom shall be a Justice or judge of the Supreme Court or a judge of any court, active or retired, nor a member of the Nebraska State Bar Association, and who shall be appointed by the Governor; and (4) the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, who shall serve as its chairperson.

Source:Laws 1967, c. 141, § 1, p. 430; Laws 1981, LB 475, § 1.


Annotations

24-716. Commission; members; term; vacancy.

The term of office of each member of the Commission on Judicial Qualifications, except the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, shall be four years. The term of the Chief Justice shall be permanent. In the event of a vacancy, the vacancy shall be filled by appointment in the same manner as the original members are appointed and the individuals so appointed shall serve for the balance of the original term. Any member of the commission shall be eligible for reappointment for an additional term without regard to the number of years that such individual has served as a member of the commission.

Source:Laws 1967, c. 141, § 2, p. 431; Laws 1972, LB 1032, § 124; Laws 1981, LB 475, § 2.


24-717. Commission; organization; officers.

The Commission on Judicial Qualifications shall annually select a vice-chairperson from its own members and a secretary who may or may not be a member of the commission and who shall keep minutes of all meetings of the commission. Such vice-chairperson and secretary shall each serve for one year or until a successor is selected.

Source:Laws 1967, c. 141, § 3, p. 431; Laws 1981, LB 475, § 3.


24-718. Commission; compensation; expenses.

Members of the Commission on Judicial Qualifications shall serve without compensation but they shall be reimbursed for all reasonable expenses incurred by them in connection with their duties as members of the commission as provided in sections 81-1174 to 81-1177 for state employees.

Source:Laws 1967, c. 141, § 4, p. 431; Laws 1981, LB 204, § 36.


24-719. Commission; meetings; quorum; annual report.

(1) Meetings of the Commission on Judicial Qualifications shall be held at least annually at Lincoln, Nebraska, or at such other place or places within the State of Nebraska and at such time as the commission may determine. A majority of the members of the commission shall constitute a quorum. No action of the commission shall be valid unless concurred in by a majority of its members. The date of the annual meeting of the commission shall be fixed by resolution of the commission and special meetings of the commission may be called at any time by the chairperson or vice-chairperson of the commission or by the Supreme Court or at the written request of any two members of the commission.

(2) To the extent permitted by the Constitution of Nebraska, the commission shall prepare and make available to the public an annual report outlining the activities of the commission in the previous year. The report shall include, but not be limited to:

(a) The total number of meetings held by the commission;

(b) The total number of complaints filed with the commission;

(c) The total number of complaints dismissed by the commission;

(d) The total number of public reprimands issued by the commission;

(e) The total number of formal complaints filed by the commission; and

(f) The costs incurred by the commission which shall include:

(i) Expenses paid to commission members pursuant to section 24-718;

(ii) Expenses paid to special masters appointed by the commission; and

(iii) Expenses paid to special investigators hired by the commission.

Source:Laws 1967, c. 141, § 5, p. 431; Laws 1981, LB 475, § 4; Laws 2005, LB 754, § 1.    


24-720. Commission; complaints and requests; form.

Complaints and requests to the Commission on Judicial Qualifications shall be in writing directed to the commission or to any member of the commission. No specified form of complaint or request shall be required.

Source:Laws 1967, c. 141, § 6, p. 432; Laws 1981, LB 475, § 5.


24-721. Commission; complaint or request filed by citizen; investigation; proceedings; rights of judge or justice; special master; commission; recommendations; rules.

Any citizen of the State of Nebraska shall have the right at all times to complain to the Commission on Judicial Qualifications with reference to the acts, activities, or qualifications of any Justice or judge of the Supreme Court or judge of any of the courts of the State of Nebraska or to request that the commission consider the qualifications of any Justice or judge of the Supreme Court or judge of any of the courts of the State of Nebraska. Upon receipt of any such complaint or request, the commission shall make such investigation as it determines to be necessary. The commission shall have the right to subpoena witnesses; to hold hearings; to require the Justice or judge to submit to physical or mental examination by medical experts; to appoint special masters to conduct hearings; to make independent investigations, either by members of the commission or by special investigators employed by the commission; to hold confidential prehearing proceedings with the person or persons filing the complaint or request, or with his or her or their agents or attorneys; and to hold confidential prehearing proceedings with the judge or Justice involved in the complaint or request. If the commission finds probable cause for the existence of any of the grounds for disciplinary action or retirement specified in section 24-722, it shall reprimand the Justice or judge or order a formal open hearing to be held before it concerning the reprimand, discipline, censure, suspension, removal, or retirement of such Justice or judge. Any reprimand shall be public and shall be announced in a fashion similar to that of a published opinion of the Supreme Court. A judge who receives official notice of a complaint or request pursuant to this section shall not be allowed to retire pursuant to the Judges Retirement Act until the matter is resolved by the commission or the Supreme Court, if the commission recommends action by the court. If a hearing is ordered, the commission shall advise the judge or Justice involved, in writing, of the specific charges which have been made and supported, substantiated, or revealed by the independent investigation of the commission. The judge or Justice shall be given reasonable time in which to formally answer such charges in writing and the matter shall then be set for formal open hearing, at which time the commission shall cause the testimony and the documentary evidence relating to the charges to be produced and recorded in such manner as the commission shall determine to be advisable, giving the judge or Justice involved and his or her attorney a full opportunity to question and cross-examine the witnesses and evidence so produced. The judge or Justice shall have an opportunity to produce at such hearing, testimony, evidence, and documents relating to the charges involved; thereafter any rebuttal evidence may be produced. In the alternative or in addition, the commission may request the Supreme Court to appoint one or more special masters who shall be judges of courts of record to hold a formal open hearing to take evidence in any such matter, and to report to the commission. Whenever any person shall refuse to testify or to produce books, papers, or other evidence when required to do so in any hearing held before the Commission on Judicial Qualifications or before a special master or masters appointed under the provisions of this section for the reason that the testimony or evidence required of him or her may tend to incriminate him or her or subject him or her to a forfeiture or penalty, he or she may nevertheless be compelled to testify or produce such evidence by order of the Commission on Judicial Qualifications or special master or masters on motion of counsel to the commission. No person who testifies or produces evidence in obedience to the command of the commission or special master or masters in such case shall be liable to any forfeiture or penalty for or on account of any transaction, matter, or thing concerning or arising from that as to which he or she may so testify or produce evidence, nor shall such testimony or evidence be used directly or indirectly in any proceedings against him or her, except that no person shall be exempt from prosecution and punishment for perjury or contempt committed in so testifying. The requirement to testify or produce evidence shall not apply when such person proves the real and substantial danger of a prosecution against him or her in another jurisdiction based on the admissions to be made by him or her in this state. The commission or special master or masters shall have power to punish for contempt for any action specified in section 25-2121. If, after formal open hearing, or after considering the record and report of the masters, the commission finds that the charges are established by clear and convincing evidence, it shall recommend to the Supreme Court that the Justice or judge of the Supreme Court or other judge involved shall be reprimanded, disciplined, censured, suspended without pay for a definite period of time not to exceed six months, removed, or retired as the case may be. All hearings before the commission and all proceedings before masters and before the Supreme Court shall be conducted in accordance with rules promulgated or to be promulgated by the Supreme Court.

Source:Laws 1967, c. 141, § 7, p. 432; Laws 1976, LB 640, § 1; Laws 1981, LB 475, § 6; Laws 2003, LB 320, § 3;    Laws 2005, LB 754, § 2.    


Cross References

24-722. Justice or judge; discipline or removal; grounds.

A Justice or judge of the Supreme Court or judge of any court of this state may be reprimanded, disciplined, censured, suspended without pay for a definite period of time not to exceed six months, or removed from office for (1) willful misconduct in office, (2) willful disregard of or failure to perform his or her duties, (3) habitual intemperance, (4) conviction of a crime involving moral turpitude, (5) disbarment as a member of the legal profession licensed to practice law in the State of Nebraska, or (6) conduct prejudicial to the administration of justice that brings the judicial office into disrepute, or he or she may be retired for physical or mental disability seriously interfering with the performance of his or her duties if such disability is determined to be permanent or reasonably likely to become permanent.

Source:Laws 1967, c. 141, § 8, p. 433; Laws 1981, LB 475, § 7.


Annotations

24-723. Supreme Court; record of proceedings; review; order; retirement, removal, or suspension; effect.

The Supreme Court shall review the record of the proceedings and in its discretion may permit the introduction of additional evidence. The Supreme Court shall make such determination as it finds just and proper, and may order the reprimand, discipline, censure, suspension without pay for a definite period of time not to exceed six months, removal, or retirement of such Justice or judge of the Supreme Court or other judge, or may wholly reject the recommendation. Upon an order for retirement, the Justice or judge of the Supreme Court or other judge shall thereby be retired with the same rights and privileges as if he or she had retired pursuant to statute. Upon an order for removal, the Justice or judge of the Supreme Court or other judge shall be removed from office, his or her salary shall cease from the date of such order, and he or she shall be ineligible for judicial office. Upon an order for suspension, the Justice or judge of the Supreme Court or other judge shall draw no salary and shall perform no judicial functions during the period of suspension. Suspension shall not create a vacancy in the office of Justice or judge of the Supreme Court or other judge.

Source:Laws 1967, c. 141, § 9, p. 433; Laws 1981, LB 475, § 8.


24-723.01. Justice or judge; disqualification without loss of salary; Supreme Court order; when.

Upon order of the Supreme Court, a Justice or judge of the Supreme Court or other judge shall be disqualified from acting as a Justice or judge of the Supreme Court or other judge, without loss of salary, while there is pending (1) an indictment or information charging him or her in the United States with a crime punishable as a felony under Nebraska or federal law or (2) a recommendation to the Supreme Court by the Commission on Judicial Qualifications for his or her removal or retirement.

Source:Laws 1981, LB 475, § 9.


24-723.02. Justice or judge; removal or suspension by Supreme Court; grounds.

In addition to the procedure set forth in sections 24-721 to 24-723, on recommendation of the Commission on Judicial Qualifications or on its own motion, the Supreme Court (1) shall remove a Justice or judge of the Supreme Court or other judge from office when in any court in the United States such Justice or judge pleads guilty or no contest to a crime punishable as a felony under Nebraska or federal law, and (2) may suspend a Justice or judge of the Supreme Court or other judge from office without salary when in any court in the United States such Justice or judge is found guilty of a crime punishable as a felony under Nebraska or federal law or any other crime that involves moral turpitude. If his or her conviction is reversed, suspension shall terminate and he or she shall be paid his or her salary for the period of suspension. If he or she is suspended and his or her conviction becomes final the Supreme Court shall remove him or her from office.

Source:Laws 1981, LB 475, § 10.


24-724. Commission; executive secretary; personnel; employ; Attorney General; counsel; special counsel.

The Commission on Judicial Qualifications shall have the authority to employ an executive secretary, investigators, medical experts, and such other employees and experts as the commission in its discretion determines to be necessary to carry out its functions and purposes. The office of the Attorney General shall provide counsel to the commission but the commission may employ special counsel in any proceeding if determined by the commission to be advisable.

Source:Laws 1967, c. 141, § 10, p. 434.


24-725. Commission; budget; submit.

The Commission on Judicial Qualifications shall submit its budget estimate in the manner and form and at the times required by law of all departments, offices, and institutions of the state government requesting appropriations.

Source:Laws 1967, c. 141, § 11, p. 434.


24-726. Proceedings prior to formal hearing; confidential.

All papers filed with and proceedings before the Commission on Judicial Qualifications or masters appointed by the Supreme Court pursuant to section 24-721 prior to any formal open hearing shall be confidential. The filing of papers with and the testimony given before the commission or masters or the Supreme Court shall be deemed a privileged communication.

Source:Laws 1967, c. 141, § 12, p. 434; Laws 1981, LB 475, § 11.


24-727. Supreme Court; procedure; rule; adopt.

The Supreme Court shall by rule provide for procedure under sections 24-709, 24-712, and 24-715 to 24-728 before the Commission on Judicial Qualifications, the masters, and the Supreme Court.

Source:Laws 1967, c. 141, § 13, p. 434; Laws 1981, LB 475, § 13.


24-728. Judge or justice; own discipline, removal, or retirement; participation prohibited.

No Justice or judge of the Supreme Court or other judge shall participate, as a member of the Commission on Judicial Qualifications, or as a master, or as a member of the Supreme Court, in any proceedings involving his or her own reprimand, discipline, censure, suspension, removal, or retirement.

Source:Laws 1967, c. 141, § 14, p. 434; Laws 1981, LB 475, § 14.


24-729. Judges; retired; assignment; when; retired judge, defined.

The Supreme Court of Nebraska is empowered, with the consent of the retired judge, (1) to assign judges of the Supreme Court, Court of Appeals, and district court who are now retired or who may be retired hereafter to (a) sit in any court in the state to relieve congested dockets or to prevent the docket of such court from becoming congested or (b) sit for the judge of any court who may be incapacitated or absent for any reason whatsoever and (2) to assign any judge of the separate juvenile court, county court, or Nebraska Workers' Compensation Court who is now retired or who may be retired hereafter to (a) sit in any court having the same jurisdiction as one in which any such judge may have previously served to relieve congested dockets or to prevent the docket of any such court from becoming congested or (b) sit for the judge of any such court who may be incapacitated or absent for any reason. Any judge who has retired on account of disability may not be so assigned.

For purposes of sections 24-729 to 24-733, retired judge shall include a judge who, before, on, or after March 31, 1993, has retired upon the attainment of age fifty-five and has elected to defer the commencement of his or her retirement annuity to a later date.

Source:Laws 1974, LB 832, § 1; Laws 1976, LB 296, § 1; Laws 1979, LB 240, § 1; Laws 1991, LB 732, § 39; Laws 1993, LB 363, § 2.


Annotations

24-730. Retired judge; temporary duty; compensation.

A retired judge holding court pursuant to sections 24-729 to 24-733 shall receive, in addition to his or her retirement benefits, for each day of temporary duty an amount established by the Supreme Court. In addition, a retired judge who consents to serve a minimum number of temporary duty days annually, as established by the Supreme Court, and is appointed by the Supreme Court for such extended service, may also receive a stipend or an adjusted stipend calculated from the number of days of temporary duty performed by the judge in such annual period in relation to an annual base amount established by the Supreme Court.

Source:Laws 1974, LB 832, § 2; Laws 1983, LB 268, § 1; Laws 2008, LB1014, § 5;    Laws 2010, LB727, § 1.    


24-731. Retired judge; temporary duty; expenses.

A retired judge on temporary duty shall be reimbursed for his or her expenses at the same rate as provided in sections 81-1174 to 81-1177 for state employees but shall submit a request for payment or reimbursement in the manner provided in section 24-733.

Source:Laws 1974, LB 832, § 3; Laws 1981, LB 204, § 37; Laws 1988, LB 864, § 3.


24-732. Retired judge; temporary duty; not contribute to retirement fund; retirement benefits not affected.

A retired judge on temporary duty shall not be required to contribute to the Nebraska Retirement Fund for Judges, and the retirement benefits of such a retired judge shall neither be increased nor decreased on account of his temporary duty.

Source:Laws 1974, LB 832, § 4.


24-733. Retired judge; temporary duty; request for compensation and expenses.

Within fifteen days following completion of a temporary duty assignment, the retired judge shall submit to the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, on forms provided by the Chief Justice, a request for payment or reimbursement for services rendered and expenses incurred during such temporary duty assignment. Upon receipt of such request, the Chief Justice shall endorse on the request that the services were performed and expenses incurred pursuant to an assignment of the Supreme Court of Nebraska and file such request with the proper authority for payment.

Source:Laws 1974, LB 832, § 5; Laws 1979, LB 240, § 2; Laws 1984, LB 13, § 35; Laws 1988, LB 864, § 4.


24-734. Judges; powers; enumerated.

(1) A judge of any court established under the laws of the State of Nebraska shall, in any case in which that judge is authorized to act, have power to exercise the powers conferred upon the judge and court, and specifically to:

(a) Upon the stipulation of the parties to an action, hear and determine any matter, including the trial of an equity case or case at law in which a jury has been waived;

(b) Hear and determine pretrial and posttrial matters in civil cases not involving testimony of witnesses by oral examination;

(c) With the consent of the defendant, receive pleas of guilty and pass sentences in criminal cases;

(d) With the consent of the defendant, hear and determine pretrial and posttrial matters in criminal cases;

(e) Hear and determine cases brought by petition in error or appeal not involving testimony of witnesses by oral examination;

(f) Hear and determine any matter in juvenile cases with the consent of the guardian ad litem or attorney for the minor, the other parties to the proceedings, and the attorneys for those parties, if any; and

(g) Without notice, make any order and perform any act which may lawfully be made or performed by him or her ex parte in any action or proceeding which is on file in any district of this state.

(2) A judgment or order made pursuant to this section shall be deemed effective when the judgment is entered in accordance with the provisions of subsection (3) of section 25-1301.

(3) The judge, in his or her discretion, may in any proceeding authorized by the provisions of this section not involving testimony of witnesses by oral examination, use telephonic, videoconferencing, or similar methods to conduct such proceedings. The court may require the parties to make reimbursement for any charges incurred.

(4) A judge, in any case with the consent of the parties, may permit any witness who is to be examined by oral examination to appear by telephonic, videoconferencing, or similar methods, with any costs thereof to be taxed as costs.

(5) The enumeration of the powers in subsections (1), (2), (3), and (4) of this section shall not be construed to deny the right of a party to trial by jury in the county in which the action was first filed if such right otherwise exists.

(6) Nothing in this section shall be construed to exempt proceedings under this section from the provisions of the Guidelines for Use by Nebraska Courts in Determining When and Under What Conditions a Hearing Before Such Court May Be Closed in Whole or in Part to the Public, adopted by the Supreme Court of the State of Nebraska September 8, 1980, and any amendments to those provisions.

Source:Laws 1879, § 39, p. 90; Laws 1913, c. 209, § 1, p. 635; R.S.1913, § 1176; Laws 1921, c. 177, § 1, p. 676; C.S.1922, § 1099; C.S.1929, § 27-317; R.S.1943, § 24-317; Laws 1953, c. 64, § 1, p. 208; Laws 1965, c. 111, § 1, p. 435; R.S.1943, (1979), § 24-317; Laws 1983, LB 272, § 1; Laws 1999, LB 43, § 1;    Laws 2013, LB103, § 1.    


Annotations

24-735. Repealed. Laws 1991, LB 181, § 5.

24-736. Repealed. Laws 1991, LB 181, § 5.

24-737. Repealed. Laws 1991, LB 181, § 5.

24-738. Repealed. Laws 1991, LB 181, § 5.

24-739. Disqualification of judge; grounds.

A judge shall be disqualified from acting as such in the county court, district court, Court of Appeals, or Supreme Court, except by mutual consent of the parties, which mutual consent is in writing and made part of the record, in the following situations:

(1) In any case in which (a) he or she is a party or interested, (b) he or she is related to either party by consanguinity or affinity within the fourth degree, (c) any attorney in any cause pending in the county court or district court is related to the judge in the degree of parent, child, sibling, or in-law or is the copartner of an attorney related to the judge in the degree of parent, child, or sibling, or (d) he or she has been attorney for either party in the action or proceeding; and

(2) When the judge was in copartnership, at the time of his or her election or appointment, in the law business with a practicing attorney in the district in which the judge was elected or appointed, the copartnership continued in the practice of law in the district and occupied the same office or rooms which were occupied by the copartnership at the time of his or her election or appointment, and the judge continues to occupy the same office or rooms with his or her ex-copartner, in all proceedings or litigation in which the ex-copartner is retained or interested, so long as the judge occupies the same office or room with his or her ex-copartner.

Source:Laws 1879, § 37, p. 89; Laws 1907, c. 42, § 1, p. 180; R.S.1913, § 1174; Laws 1915, c. 22, § 1, p. 83; C.S.1922, § 1097; Laws 1923, c. 107, § 1, p. 265; C.S.1929, § 27-315; Laws 1935, c. 56, § 1, p. 186; C.S.Supp.,1941, § 27-315; R.S.1943, § 24-315; Laws 1972, LB 1032, § 119; Laws 1979, LB 80, § 82; R.S.1943, (1985), § 24-315; Laws 1991, LB 732, § 40.


Cross References

Annotations

24-740. Probate; disqualification of judge.

No judge of probate shall act in any case or matter where he is next of kin to the deceased, nor where he is legatee or devisee under a will, nor where he is named as executor or trustee in a will, or is one of the subscribing witnesses thereto, nor where he is related to any party in interest in any case before him, by consanguinity or affinity, or has such an interest therein as would exclude him from acting as a juror in such case or matter, nor where he has acted as attorney or counsel in any case or matter before him.

Source:G.S.1873, c. 14, § 3, p. 264; R.S.1913, § 1206; C.S.1922, § 1129; C.S.1929, § 27-503; R.S.1943, § 24-503; Laws 1972, LB 1032, § 52; R.S.1943, (1985), § 24-552.


24-741. Judges; when ineligible as candidates for other offices.

No judge shall be eligible as a candidate for any office except a judicial office during the time he or she is serving as a judge.

Source:Laws 1911, c. 37, § 1, p. 204; R.S.1913, § 1139; C.S.1922, § 1068; C.S.1929, § 27-203; R.S.1943, § 24-203; R.S.1943, (1989), § 24-203; Laws 1991, LB 732, § 31.


24-801. Judicial nominating commissions; subject to sections.

All judicial nominating commissions under Article V of the Constitution of Nebraska shall be subject to the provisions of sections 24-801 to 24-812.

Source:Laws 1963, c. 124, § 1, p. 472.


Annotations

24-801.01. Judicial nominating commission; members; oath.

All voting members of each nominating commission, before they enter upon their official duties, shall take the following oath or affirmation: "I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully discharge my duties as a member of the Judicial Nominating Commission for the ........ Court, that I will neither accept nor receive, directly or indirectly, any money or other valuable thing or any promise of office or assistance from any corporation, company, or person, for any vote or influence I may give or withhold in connection with the nomination of any person to a judicial vacancy; that I will, as necessary or expedient, encourage qualified candidates to accept judicial office or nomination for such judicial office, and that I will vote to nominate to judicial vacancies only candidates I believe are sufficiently qualified for judicial office". Such oath shall be administered by the Supreme Court Judge serving as chairperson of the judicial nominating commission to which the oath-taker is appointed.

Source:Laws 1980, LB 730, § 2.


24-802. Judicial nominating commission; residence requirements.

Except for the judge of the Supreme Court who is required to be a member of a judicial nominating commission, each member or alternate member of a commission shall be a resident of the judicial district or area of the state served by such commission except as provided in subsection (2) of section 24-806. Except for the Chief Justice, the member of the Supreme Court designated to serve on a particular nominating commission shall not be a member who was originally selected from the district served by such nominating commission.

Source:Laws 1963, c. 124, § 2, p. 472; Laws 1973, LB 110, § 1; Laws 1991, LB 251, § 1; Laws 1995, LB 303, § 1.


24-803. Judicial nominating commission; members; term; appointments by Governor; elections by lawyers.

(1) Except as provided in subsection (3) of this section, as the term of a member of a judicial nominating commission initially appointed or selected expires, the term of office of each successor member shall be for a period of four years. The Governor shall appoint all successor members of each nominating commission who are judges of the Supreme Court and citizen members or alternate citizen members. The Governor shall appoint two alternate citizen members, not of the same political party, to each nominating commission. The term of office of an alternate citizen member of a commission shall be for a period of four years except that the initial appointments shall terminate on December 31, 1999. The lawyers residing in the judicial district or area of the state served by a judicial nominating commission shall select all successor and alternate lawyer members of such commission in the manner prescribed in section 24-806. The term of office of an alternate lawyer member of a commission shall be for a period of four years. No member of any nominating commission, including the Supreme Court member of any such commission, shall serve more than a total of eight consecutive years as a member of the commission, and if such member has served for more than six years as a member of the commission, he or she shall not be eligible for reelection or reappointment. Alternate lawyer and citizen members shall be selected to fill vacancies in their order of election or appointment.

(2) For purposes of this section and Article V, section 21, of the Constitution of Nebraska, a member of a judicial nominating commission shall be deemed to have served on such commission if he or she was a member of the commission at the time of the publication of the notice required by subsection (1) of section 24-810.

(3) On and after January 1, 1997, members of the judicial nominating commissions for the office of judge of the district court shall also serve as members of the judicial nominating commissions for the office of judge of the county court for counties located within the district court judicial districts served, except that members of the judicial nominating commissions for district judge and county judge in districts 1, 3, 4, and 10 shall be appointed or selected separately to serve on such commissions.

Source:Laws 1963, c. 124, § 3, p. 472; Laws 1973, LB 110, § 2; Laws 1991, LB 251, § 2; Laws 1992, LB 1059, § 6; Laws 1995, LB 189, § 3; Laws 1995, LB 303, § 2.


24-804. Judicial nominating commissions; judges of Supreme Court; service as members.

Judges of the Supreme Court shall serve on as many judicial nominating commissions as may be necessary. Each judge of the Supreme Court shall be a member of at least three nominating commissions. The judge of the Supreme Court who serves as a member of a Supreme Court judicial nominating commission relating to a Supreme Court judicial district shall be a nonresident of that district. The Judge of the Supreme Court serving on a nominating commission for Chief Justice of the Supreme Court shall be a judge of the Supreme Court other than the Chief Justice.

Source:Laws 1963, c. 124, § 4, p. 473.


24-805. Judicial nominating commissions; members serve on no more than one commission; exceptions.

Except for the Supreme Court members of judicial nominating commissions, no individual lawyer or citizen member of any judicial nominating commission shall serve on more than one judicial nominating commission at the same time; Provided, judicial nominating commissioners for the office of district judge may also serve as judicial nominating commissioners for county judge.

Source:Laws 1963, c. 124, § 5, p. 473; Laws 1974, LB 785, § 5.


24-806. Judicial nominating commission; lawyer members; qualifications; nominations; election.

(1) Lawyer members and alternate lawyer members of any judicial nominating commission shall be members of the bar of the State of Nebraska and shall reside in the judicial district or area of the state served by the commission except as provided in subsection (2) of this section. Not more than two lawyer members of each commission shall be registered members of the same political party or category, and not more than two alternate lawyer members shall be registered members of the same political party or category. Nominations for lawyer members of each commission shall be solicited in writing by the Clerk of the Supreme Court from all the lawyers of the district or area served on or before September 1 of each even-numbered year. Nominations of lawyer members shall be made in writing and filed in the office of the Clerk of the Supreme Court on or before October 1 of each even-numbered year. Each nomination of a lawyer member shall be accompanied by a written consent of the nominee to serve as a member of the commission if elected. The nominations shall be solicited and distributed on the ballot by the Clerk of the Supreme Court from the legally recognized political parties and in such a manner as will permit the final selection to be made within the required political party.

(2) If solicited nominations are insufficient to provide candidates from the permissible political parties for each vacancy, the Executive Council of the Nebraska State Bar Association, within ten days after the last day for filing nominations, shall nominate additional candidates for the position so that there shall be a qualified candidate for each position. Such candidates need not reside in the judicial district or area served by such judicial nominating commission.

(3) The Clerk of the Supreme Court shall mail a ballot with the name of each nominee to all members of the bar of Nebraska residing in the judicial district or area designating a date at least ten days and not more than fourteen days after the date of such mailing by the Clerk of the Supreme Court when the ballots will be opened and counted. The ballots shall be counted by a board consisting of the Clerk of the Supreme Court, the Secretary of State, and the Attorney General or by alternates designated by any of them to serve in his or her place. The Clerk of the Supreme Court shall insure that the election is so conducted as to maintain the secrecy of the ballot and the validity of the results. The candidate of the required political party receiving the highest number of votes shall be considered as having been elected to the commission. The candidate of the required political party receiving the next highest number of votes shall be considered as having been elected an alternate lawyer member of the commission and shall serve as a lawyer member of the commission in the event of a lawyer member vacancy of the same political party or category on the commission created either by resignation or disqualification. In the case of a resignation, an alternate lawyer member shall continue to serve as a member of the commission until the term of office of his or her predecessor expires.

(4) In any election when more than one lawyer member of a judicial nominating commission is to be elected, the nominees shall be submitted without designation of the term. Each voter shall be instructed to vote for as many nominees as there are vacancies to be filled. The candidate receiving the highest number of votes shall be considered as having been elected for the longest term. The candidate receiving the next highest number of votes shall be deemed to have been elected for next to the longest term, and if an alternate lawyer member or members are to be elected, the candidate or candidates receiving the third and fourth highest number of votes shall be deemed elected as the alternate lawyer member or members. In case of ties the determination shall be made by lot by the counting board.

Source:Laws 1963, c. 124, § 6, p. 473; Laws 1973, LB 110, § 3; Laws 1975, LB 57, § 1; Laws 1991, LB 251, § 3; Laws 1995, LB 303, § 3; Laws 1998, LB 1158, § 1.


24-807. Judicial nominating commission; lawyer members; certificate of selection.

Upon the selection of any lawyer member or alternate lawyer member of any judicial nominating commission, the Clerk of the Supreme Court shall promptly certify his or her selection to the Governor and the Secretary of State.

Source:Laws 1963, c. 124, § 7, p. 475; Laws 1973, LB 110, § 4; Laws 1991, LB 251, § 4; Laws 1995, LB 303, § 4.


24-808. Judicial nominating commissions; vacancies; filled, how.

Each year, on or before September 1, the Clerk of the Supreme Court shall determine what, if any, vacancies exist on any judicial nominating commission and shall report the status of each judicial nominating commission to the Governor. Vacancies relating to any members or alternate citizen members of such commissions appointed by the Governor shall be filled promptly by appointment by the Governor for the unexpired term. Vacancies of lawyer members or alternate lawyer members of the judicial nominating commission shall be filled promptly by a special election for the unexpired term, conducted by the Clerk of the Supreme Court in the manner applicable to the regular election of lawyer members of the commissions.

Source:Laws 1963, c. 124, § 8, p. 475; Laws 1995, LB 303, § 5.


24-809. Judicial nominating commission; chairperson; manner of voting; vacancies; procedure.

The judge of the Supreme Court on each judicial nominating commission shall be the chairperson of the commission and shall preside at all of its meetings. He or she shall not be entitled to vote. In selecting or rejecting judicial nominees, the members of the commission shall vote by oral roll call vote. When it is determined that a judicial vacancy exists in a particular district, the chairperson of the commission shall determine whether there will be eight qualified members of the appropriate judicial nominating commission, including alternate members. If it is determined that there will not be eight members present and capable of voting at the time the commission meets to vote, the chairperson of the commission shall inform the Governor of the number of citizen members which need to be appointed and shall inform the Executive Director of the Nebraska State Bar Association of the number of lawyer members which need to be elected. The Governor shall promptly make such number of citizen appointments as are necessary. The Executive Council of the Nebraska State Bar Association shall nominate at least one lawyer candidate for each vacancy on the nominating commission which needs to be filled. If the Executive Council is unable, with reasonable effort, to obtain a sufficient number of candidates for each vacancy, it may nominate candidates who do not reside in the judicial district or area served by such nominating commission. The nominations shall be sent to the Clerk of the Supreme Court, and the lawyer vacancies shall be filled by election as provided in section 24-806. There shall be eight qualified commission members present and capable of voting at the time the vote is taken. In the event that a nominating commission public hearing is postponed due to the lack of a full complement of commission members entitled to vote, the time limits specified in subsection (4) of section 24-810 shall be extended for an additional thirty days for each such postponement. The chairperson of the commission shall cause appropriate notice of the time and place of the newly scheduled judicial nominating commission public hearing to be published as provided in subsection (1) of section 24-810. The postponement of a commission hearing shall not extend the initial application filing deadline of twenty-one days prior to the initial public hearing. Each candidate shall receive five votes from the voting members of the nominating commission to have his or her name submitted to the Governor.

Source:Laws 1963, c. 124, § 9, p. 475; Laws 1973, LB 110, § 5; Laws 1991, LB 251, § 5; Laws 1995, LB 303, § 6; Laws 2007, LB290, § 1.    


24-809.01. Transferred to section 24-1201.

24-809.02. Transferred to section 24-1202.

24-809.03. Transferred to section 24-1203.

24-809.04. Judicial vacancy; date of final determination.

For purposes of sections 24-809.05 and 24-810, the date of a final determination of a district, county, or separate juvenile court judicial vacancy shall be:

(1) The date a judicial vacancy is determined by the Judicial Resources Commission pursuant to section 24-1204 or 24-1206; or

(2) If a determination is made by the commission that a move of a judgeship from one district to another or between county and district court, a new judgeship, or a change in number of judicial districts or boundaries is appropriate pursuant to section 24-1204 or 24-1205, the date the Governor approves legislation or the Legislature overrides a veto of legislation creating or moving a judicial vacancy.

Source:Laws 1995, LB 189, § 9.


24-809.05. Judgeship; primary office; relocation of judge authorized; when.

If a final determination of a district or county court judicial vacancy is made, the Supreme Court shall, after consultation with a representative sampling of the lawyers of the judicial district, determine and announce the county where the primary office for the judgeship shall be located. In designating a primary office, the Supreme Court shall locate judges so as to provide maximum service to all areas of the judicial district. If more than one county is acceptable as a primary office, the Supreme Court may so state and may leave the final choice of the location of the primary office to the judge. The Supreme Court may, after consultation with a representative sampling of the lawyers of the judicial district, relocate a district or county court judge within his or her judicial district. The Supreme Court may pay reasonable moving expenses of a judge when so relocated. The principal criterion used by the Supreme Court when designating a primary office and in relocating judges within a judicial district shall be the judicial workload statistics compiled by the State Court Administrator pursuant to section 24-1007.

Source:Laws 1995, LB 189, § 10; Laws 2004, LB 1207, § 2.    


24-810. Judicial vacancy; judicial nominating commission; meeting; notice; hearing; application; investigations; submission of names.

(1) When a final determination of a district, county, or separate juvenile court judicial vacancy has been made pursuant to section 24-809.04 or in the event of a judicial vacancy in any other court, the Clerk of the Supreme Court shall contact the chairperson of the judicial nominating commission relating to such vacancy and shall ascertain from him or her a time and place for the first meeting of such judicial nominating commission, at which time a public hearing will be held. The first public hearing shall be held within sixty days after final determination of the vacancy occurs. The chairperson shall notify each commission member in writing of the time and place of the meeting and shall also cause appropriate notice to be published by various news media of the time and place of the public hearing of the judicial nominating commission and of the interest of the commission in receiving information relating to qualified candidates for the judicial vacancy. Any lawyer meeting the statutory requirements to serve as a judge who is interested in being nominated and appointed to such judgeship shall signify his or her interest by filing the appropriate application with the proper entity at least twenty-one days prior to the public hearing. At least ten days prior to the public hearing, the chairperson shall release to the public the names of all lawyers who have applied for such judgeship. Any member of the public shall be entitled to attend the public hearing to express, either orally or in writing, his or her views concerning candidates for the judicial vacancy.

(2) After the public hearing, the judicial nominating commission shall hold such additional private or confidential meetings as it determines to be necessary. Additional information may be submitted in writing to the commission at any time prior to its selection of qualified candidates to fill the vacancy. The commission shall make such independent investigation and inquiry as it considers necessary or expedient to determine the qualifications of candidates for the judicial vacancy and shall take such action as it deems necessary or expedient to encourage qualified candidates to accept judicial office or nomination for judicial office.

(3) The judicial nominating commission may, before or after the hearing provided for in subsection (1) of this section, institute a search for additional candidates. If additional candidates are obtained, the commission shall hold further public hearings in the same manner as provided in such subsection.

(4) The names of candidates shall be submitted to the Governor within ninety days after the date a final determination has been made of a district, county, or separate juvenile court judicial vacancy or, in the event of a judicial vacancy in any other court, after a judicial vacancy occurred if one public hearing is held and within one hundred twenty days if more than one public hearing is held.

Source:Laws 1963, c. 124, § 10, p. 475; Laws 1973, LB 110, § 6; Laws 1980, LB 730, § 1; Laws 1986, LB 516, § 9; Laws 1990, LB 822, § 16; Laws 1991, LB 251, § 6; Laws 1991, LB 181, § 3; Laws 1992, LB 1059, § 10; Laws 1995, LB 189, § 11.


24-810.01. Judicial nominating commission; registration as independent voters; removal from district; change in party registration; effect.

(1) For purposes of sections 24-801 to 24-812.01, members and prospective members of judicial nominating commissions who are registered as independent voters shall be considered to be members of the same political party.

(2) Removal from the State of Nebraska or a change in party registration shall automatically terminate the tenure of any member of a judicial nominating commission.

Source:Laws 1973, LB 110, § 7; Laws 1991, LB 251, § 7.


24-811. Judicial nominating commissions; unlawful to attempt to influence; violations; penalty.

It shall be unlawful and a breach of ethics for any judge, public officeholder, lawyer or any other person or organization to attempt to influence any judicial nominating commission in any manner and on any basis except by presenting facts and opinions relevant to the judicial qualifications of the proposed nominees to an individual member of the commission or to the commission acting as a body, at or prior to the time of the public hearing. Violation of this section shall be considered as contempt of the Supreme Court of the State of Nebraska and shall be punishable as for contempt or by appropriate discipline with respect to any member of the bar involved in any such unlawful or unethical conduct.

Source:Laws 1963, c. 124, § 11, p. 476; Laws 1973, LB 110, § 8.


24-811.01. Judicial nominating commission; nominations; number; considerations.

Any judicial nominating commission which has for its consideration three or more candidates for a judicial vacancy shall nominate at least three candidates for consideration by the Governor if the commission, in its discretion, finds them to be sufficiently qualified. In determining whether a candidate is sufficiently qualified to be nominated for a judicial vacancy, a judicial nominating commission shall consider the candidate's knowledge of the law, experience in the legal system, intellect, capacity for fairness, probity, temperament, industry, and such other factors relating to judicial quality as the Supreme Court may by rule promulgate.

Source:Laws 1973, LB 110, § 9; Laws 1980, LB 730, § 3.


24-811.02. Judicial nominating commission; send report to State Court Administrator; contents.

Within thirty days after the list of nominees for a judicial vacancy is presented to the Governor by a judicial nominating commission, the chairperson of the commission shall prepare and send to the State Court Administrator a report containing the following:

(1) Names of all candidates for the judicial vacancy;

(2) Copies of all applications submitted by candidates; and

(3) The names of the candidates nominated for the judicial vacancy.

Such report shall be available to the public and shall be preserved by the State Court Administrator for ten years.

Source:Laws 1980, LB 730, § 6.


24-812. Judicial nominating commissions; members; communications; confidential.

All communications between members of judicial nominating commissions and between any member of the commission and any prospective candidate for judicial office and all other communications with members of the commission except those at the public hearing, shall be confidential. Additionally, all such communications including those at the public hearing shall be privileged from use in any legal action, except one charging misconduct in office of a member of a judicial nominating commission or one involving contempt of court, or misconduct of an attorney, based on such communication.

Source:Laws 1963, c. 124, § 12, p. 476; Laws 1980, LB 730, § 4.


24-812.01. Judicial nominations; Supreme Court; promulgate rules.

The Supreme Court shall promulgate rules regarding procedures to be followed in the nominating procedure, including the type of application to be filed, the type of presentation an applicant may make at the public hearing, factors, if any, other than those specifically described in section 24-811.01 relating to judicial quality for commission members to consider in determining whether a candidate is sufficiently qualified to be nominated, and such other rules as it feels will induce qualified lawyers to seek judicial office, and which will otherwise promote the true spirit of the judicial selection process now used in this state.

Source:Laws 1973, LB 110, § 10; Laws 1980, LB 730, § 5.


24-813. Judicial officeholders; subject to sections.

All judicial officeholders who are subject to the terms and provisions of Article V, section 21, of the Constitution of Nebraska, as provided by the Constitution of Nebraska or by law, shall be subject to the terms and provisions of sections 24-813 to 24-818.

Source:Laws 1963, c. 125, § 1, p. 477.


24-814. Judicial officeholder; continuance in office; request in writing to be retained.

Any judicial officeholder, subject to the terms of sections 24-813 to 24-818, who desires to continue in office for an additional term, shall indicate his desire in this respect in writing filed with the Secretary of State, on or before August 1 immediately preceding the expiration of his term in office, and shall request in writing that the Secretary of State submit to the electorate of the appropriate district or area, the question of his right to be retained in office for an additional term.

Source:Laws 1963, c. 125, § 2, p. 477.


24-815. Judicial officeholder; request to be retained; Secretary of State; submit to electorate; form of ballot.

Upon receipt of such information and request within the time provided in section 24-814, the Secretary of State shall cause the question of said judicial officeholder's right to continue in office for an additional term to be submitted to the appropriate electorate at the next general election, on the nonpolitical ballot. Said question shall be submitted in substance as follows: "Shall Judge ......................... be retained in office? .... Yes .... No".

Source:Laws 1963, c. 125, § 3, p. 478.


24-816. Judicial officeholder; retention election; how conducted.

Said election shall be conducted in the manner and form provided for elections generally with respect to the nonpolitical ballot and the results of said election shall be certified in like manner.

Source:Laws 1963, c. 125, § 4, p. 478.


24-817. Judicial officeholder; retention election; determination by vote of electorate.

If the majority of the electors voting with regard to said question at said election vote in the affirmative, said judge shall be retained in office for an additional term. If the majority of the voters voting on said question at said election vote in the negative, a vacancy in said office shall occur at the end of the term of office of said judge.

Source:Laws 1963, c. 125, § 5, p. 478.


24-818. Judicial officeholder; request to be retained; failure to file; vacancy.

Unless the judicial officeholder, who is subject to sections 24-813 to 24-818, files with the Secretary of State within the time and in the manner provided in section 24-814 an indication of his desire to continue in office for an additional term, a vacancy in said office shall occur at the end of the term of office of said judge.

Source:Laws 1963, c. 125, § 6, p. 478.


24-819. Judges; full term; commencement; end.

The full term of office of each judge shall commence: (1) On the first Thursday after the first Tuesday in January next succeeding the election referred to in sections 24-813 to 24-818, or (2) if appointed pursuant to Article V of the Constitution of Nebraska, on the date of his or her appointment, as the case may be. For purposes of sections 24-817 and 24-818, the end of the term of office shall be the first Thursday after the first Tuesday in January next succeeding the retention election required by section 24-814.

Source:Laws 1969, c. 178, § 8, p. 768; Laws 2009, LB343, § 1.    


Annotations

24-820. County judge; selection; retained in office; vacancy, how filled.

County judges shall be selected and retained in office in accordance with the provisions of Article V, section 21, of the Constitution of Nebraska. Each judge shall (1) be selected for a term of six years, and (2) hold office until his successor is selected and qualified. Any vacancy in the office of county judge shall be filled in the same manner as vacancies are filled under the provisions of Article V, section 21, of the Constitution.

Source:Laws 1974, LB 785, § 2.


24-821. Repealed. Laws 1991, LB 732, § 160.

24-822. Repealed. Laws 1991, LB 732, § 160.

24-901. Transferred to section 25-412.01.

24-902. Transferred to section 25-412.02.

24-903. Transferred to section 25-412.03.

24-904. Transferred to section 25-412.04.

24-1001. Proceedings to be public.

All judicial proceedings of all courts established in this state must be open to the attendance of the public unless otherwise specially provided by statute.

Source:Laws 1879, § 35, p. 89; R.S.1913, § 1179; C.S.1922, § 1093; C.S.1929, § 27-311; R.S.1943, § 24-311; Laws 1969, c. 175, § 1, p. 756; R.S.1943, (1985), § 24-311.


Cross References

Annotations

24-1002. Oaths and affirmations; power to administer.

All courts have power to administer oaths connected with any matter pending before them, either by any judge, justice, or clerk thereof or by any other person appointed for that purpose by them. Oaths and affirmations may be administered, in all cases whatsoever, by judges of the Supreme Court, judges of the Court of Appeals, judges of the district court, judges of the county court, the Clerk of the Supreme Court, clerks of the district courts, and clerks of the county courts, within their respective jurisdictions, and by clerk magistrates within their respective counties.

Source:Laws 1879, § 36, p. 89; R.S.1913, § 1173; C.S.1922, § 1096; C.S.1929, § 27-314; R.S.1943, § 24-314; R.S.1943, (1985), § 24-314; Laws 1990, LB 822, § 17; Laws 1991, LB 732, § 41.


Annotations

24-1003. Evidence; recording and preservation; court reporters; appointment; uniform salary schedules; payment.

The Supreme Court shall provide by rule for the recording and preservation of evidence in all cases in the district and separate juvenile courts and for the preparation of transcripts and bills of exceptions. Court reporters and other persons employed to perform the duties required by such rules shall be appointed by the judge under whose direction they work. The Supreme Court shall prescribe uniform salary schedules for such employees, based on their experience and training and the methods used by them in recording and preserving evidence and preparing transcripts and bills of exceptions. Salaries and actual and necessary expenses of such employees shall be paid by the State of Nebraska from funds appropriated to the Supreme Court. Such employees shall be reimbursed for their expenses as provided in sections 81-1174 to 81-1177 for state employees.

Source:Laws 1974, LB 647, § 1; Laws 1981, LB 204, § 34; R.S.1943, (1985), § 24-342.02.


24-1004. Records and exhibits; preservation; disposition.

The Supreme Court shall provide by rule for the preservation of all records and of all exhibits offered or received in evidence in the trial of any action. When the records of the district court do not show any unfinished matter pending in the action, a judge of the district court if satisfied they are no longer valuable for any purpose may, upon such notice as the judge may direct, order the destruction, return, or other disposition of such exhibits as he deems appropriate when approval is given by the State Records Administrator pursuant to sections 84-1201 to 84-1220.

Source:Laws 1957, c. 75, § 1, p. 311; Laws 1969, c. 105, § 4, p. 480; Laws 1974, LB 647, § 3; R.S.1943, (1985), § 24-342.01.


24-1005. Records; microfilm; admissible in evidence; destruction of original record.

The clerk of any district court or of any other court of record may microfilm any court record. The original record may be destroyed only with the approval of the State Records Administrator pursuant to sections 84-1201 to 84-1220. The reproduction of the microfilm shall be admissible as evidence in any court of record in the State of Nebraska.

Source:Laws 1967, c. 134, § 1, p. 419; Laws 1969, c. 105, § 2, p. 480; Laws 1971, LB 128, § 2; R.S.1943, (1985), § 24-337.02.


24-1006. Clerk; judicial statistics; report.

The clerk of each court shall report judicial statistics to the Supreme Court at such times and in such manner as prescribed by the Supreme Court.

Source:Laws 1961, c. 103, § 1, p. 335; R.S.1943, (1989), § 24-337.01; Laws 1991, LB 732, § 35.


24-1007. State Court Administrator; compile judicial workload statistics; how; juveniles in Nebraska's justice system; annual report; contents.

(1) The State Court Administrator shall compile uniform and accurate statistics which will assist in the evaluation of judicial workloads. The judicial workload statistics shall be based on caseload numbers weighted by category of case. The judicial workload statistics shall be compiled annually for each district, county, and separate juvenile court judicial district in the state.

(2) The State Court Administrator shall develop and provide an annual report to the Legislature and the Governor on juveniles in Nebraska's justice system. The report to the Legislature shall be provided electronically. For purposes of this section, juvenile has the same meaning as in section 43-245. The report shall include, but not be limited to, geographic and demographic information on the following:

(a) Juveniles prosecuted in juvenile court under subdivision (1), (2), (3)(b), or (4) of section 43-247, including the total number of filings and adjudications;

(b) Juveniles prosecuted in adult criminal court for felonies, misdemeanors, and traffic offenses. The information shall include juveniles sentenced to terms in adult jails and prisons and juveniles placed on adult probation;

(c) The number of motions to transfer and the number of cases transferred to adult court from juvenile court and from adult criminal court to juvenile court;

(d) Juveniles placed on juvenile probation, the number of juveniles on probation in out-of-home care, the number of juveniles completing probation, the number of motions to revoke probation and probation revocations, and the average length of time on probation;

(e) Juveniles with and without access to counsel in juvenile and adult court, both appointed and retained; and

(f) Rates of recidivism.

Source:Laws 1995, LB 189, § 5; Laws 2014, LB464, § 3.    


24-1101. Court of Appeals; created; panels; judges; appointment; salary; other laws applicable.

(1) There is hereby created the Court of Appeals which shall consist of six judges. The court shall sit in panels of three judges to conduct the business of the court. The decision of a majority of the judges of the panel to which a case is submitted shall constitute the decision of the court for that case. The membership of the panels shall be assigned and regularly rotated by the Chief Judge of the Court of Appeals in such a manner as to provide each judge the opportunity to serve a proportionate amount of time with every other judge on the court.

(2) One judge of the Court of Appeals shall be appointed by the Governor from each Supreme Court judicial district. For purposes of this section, a judge's residence on the effective date of appointment shall be considered the judge's residence while he or she serves on the Court of Appeals. Prior to September 13, 1997, the Supreme Court shall each year select one judge of the Court of Appeals as Chief Judge. Upon the expiration of the term of the Chief Judge in office on September 13, 1997, and each two years thereafter, the judges of the Court of Appeals shall by majority vote nominate one of their number to be Chief Judge for the ensuing two years, which judge shall, upon the ratification of the selection by the Supreme Court, serve as Chief Judge for that two-year period.

(3) Judges of the Court of Appeals shall be paid an amount equal to ninety-five percent of the salary set for the Chief Justice and judges of the Supreme Court.

(4) Judges of the Court of Appeals shall be subject to the same provisions relating to selection, filling of a vacancy, term of office, discipline, removal from office, and retirement as are all other judges covered by Article V of the Constitution of Nebraska.

Source:Laws 1991, LB 732, § 1; Laws 1997, LB 246, § 1.


24-1102. Judge; eligibility.

No person shall be eligible for the office of judge of the Court of Appeals unless he or she (1) is at the time of consideration for appointment a resident of Nebraska, (2) is at least thirty years of age, (3) is a citizen of the United States, (4) has been engaged in the practice of law in the State of Nebraska for at least five years which may include prior service as a judge, and (5) is currently admitted to practice before the Nebraska Supreme Court.

Source:Laws 1991, LB 732, § 2.


24-1103. Active or retired judges; assignment; expenses.

(1) The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court may call active judges of the district court to serve on the Court of Appeals in case of incapacity or absence for any reason whatsoever or temporary vacancy in the office of a judge of the Court of Appeals. Any active judge designated to serve on the Court of Appeals shall be reimbursed for his or her actual and necessary expenses as provided in sections 81-1174 to 81-1177.

(2) The number of retired judges assigned to serve pursuant to subdivision (1) of section 24-729 may not at any one time exceed three, and no panel of the Court of Appeals may contain a majority of retired judges so assigned. Payments to a retired judge shall be made in the manner prescribed in sections 24-730 to 24-733.

Source:Laws 1991, LB 732, § 3.


24-1104. Decisions; form; when published.

(1) Decisions of the Court of Appeals shall be in the form of an order which may be accompanied by a memorandum opinion. The memorandum opinion shall not be published unless publication is ordered by the Court of Appeals. All memorandum opinions shall be filed with the Clerk of the Supreme Court, shall be public records, and shall be made available to the public in such manner as may be determined by the Court of Appeals.

(2) In determining whether to publish a memorandum opinion, the Court of Appeals may take into consideration one or more of the following factors:

(a) Whether the decision enunciates a new rule of law;

(b) Whether the decision applies an established rule of law to a factual situation significantly different from that in published opinions;

(c) Whether the decision resolves or identifies a conflict between prior Court of Appeals decisions;

(d) Whether the decision will contribute to legal literature by collecting case law or reciting legislative history; and

(e) Whether the decision involves a case of substantial and continuing public interest.

Source:Laws 1991, LB 732, § 4; Laws 1992, LB 360, § 3; Laws 1993, LB 462, § 1; Laws 1996, LB 1296, § 3; Laws 1997, LB 68, § 1.


Annotations

24-1105. Cases pending on September 6, 1991; assignment to Court of Appeals.

Any case on appeal before the Supreme Court on September 6, 1991, except cases in which a sentence of death or life imprisonment has been imposed and cases involving the constitutionality of a statute, may be assigned to the Court of Appeals by the Supreme Court.

Source:Laws 1991, LB 732, § 5; Laws 2015, LB268, § 35;    Referendum 2016, No. 426.

Note: The repeal of section 24-1105 by Laws 2015, LB 268, section 35, is not effective because of the vote on the referendum at the November 2016 general election. This version of section 24-1105 is found in the 2008 Reissue of Volume 2 of the Revised Statutes of Nebraska.


24-1106. Jurisdiction; direct review by Supreme Court; when; removal of case.

(1) In cases which were appealable to the Supreme Court before September 6, 1991, the appeal, if taken, shall be to the Court of Appeals except in capital cases, cases in which life imprisonment has been imposed, and cases involving the constitutionality of a statute.

(2) Any party to a case appealed to the Court of Appeals may file a petition in the Supreme Court to bypass the review by the Court of Appeals and for direct review by the Supreme Court. The procedure and time for filing the petition shall be as provided by rules of the Supreme Court. In deciding whether to grant the petition, the Supreme Court may consider one or more of the following factors:

(a) Whether the case involves a question of first impression or presents a novel legal question;

(b) Whether the case involves a question of state or federal constitutional interpretation;

(c) Whether the case raises a question of law regarding the validity of a statute;

(d) Whether the case involves issues upon which there is an inconsistency in the decisions of the Court of Appeals or of the Supreme Court;

(e) Whether the case is one of significant public interest; and

(f) Whether the case involves a question of qualified immunity in any civil action under 42 U.S.C. 1983, as the section existed on August 24, 2017.

When a petition for direct review is granted, the case shall be docketed for hearing before the Supreme Court.

(3) The Supreme Court shall by rule provide for the removal of a case from the Court of Appeals to the Supreme Court for decision by the Supreme Court at any time before a final decision has been made on the case by the Court of Appeals. The removal may be on the recommendation of the Court of Appeals or on motion of the Supreme Court. Cases may be removed from the Court of Appeals for decision by the Supreme Court for any one or more of the reasons set forth in subsection (2) of this section or in order to regulate the caseload existing in either the Court of Appeals or the Supreme Court. The Chief Judge of the Court of Appeals and the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court shall regularly inform each other of the number and nature of cases docketed in the respective court.

Source:Laws 1991, LB 732, § 6; Laws 2015, LB268, § 3;    Referendum 2016, No. 426; Laws 2017, LB204, § 1.    
Effective Date: August 24, 2017


Note: The changes made to section 24-1106 by Laws 2015, LB 268, section 3, have been omitted because of the vote on the referendum at the November 2016 general election.


Annotations

24-1107. Decision; review by Supreme Court.

Within thirty days after the Court of Appeals has issued its decision in a case, any party to the case may petition the Supreme Court for further review of the decision in the manner prescribed by the rules of the Supreme Court.

Source:Laws 1991, LB 732, § 7.


Annotations

24-1108. Administrative office; arguments heard throughout state; judge's offices.

The Court of Appeals shall have its principal administrative office in Lincoln, Nebraska. The Court of Appeals shall hear arguments at sites throughout the state by designation of the Chief Judge of the Court of Appeals. The Chief Judge shall give primary consideration to the convenience of the litigants and counsel when designating sites to hear arguments. Each judge of the Court of Appeals may maintain a principal office at any location in Nebraska and shall be entitled to staff as determined by the Supreme Court. The State Court Administrator shall make arrangements for office space and courtrooms to be used by the Court of Appeals.

Source:Laws 1991, LB 732, § 8.


24-1109. Clerk; reporter; State Court Administrator; duties; expenses of court; rules and regulations.

The Clerk of the Supreme Court shall serve as the clerk of the Court of Appeals. The Reporter of the Supreme Court and Court of Appeals shall serve as the reporter of the Court of Appeals. The State Court Administrator shall provide facilities, supplies, equipment, and support staff needed by the Court of Appeals. All expenses of the Court of Appeals shall be included in the budget of the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court shall adopt and promulgate rules to implement sections 24-1101 to 24-1109.

Source:Laws 1991, LB 732, § 9; Laws 1995, LB 271, § 5.


24-1201. Judicial Resources Commission; created; membership; quorum.

There is hereby created the Judicial Resources Commission consisting of: (1) Four judges, including one district court judge, one county court judge, one separate juvenile court judge, and one Justice or judge of the Supreme Court, all of whom shall be appointed by the Supreme Court; (2) one member of the Nebraska State Bar Association from each of the six judicial districts prescribed in Article V, section 5, of the Constitution of Nebraska who shall have practiced law in this state for at least ten years and who shall be appointed by the Executive Council of the Nebraska State Bar Association; and (3) one citizen from each of the six judicial districts prescribed in Article V, section 5, of the Constitution of Nebraska appointed by the Governor and one additional citizen who shall be appointed at large, none of whom shall be (a) a justice or judge of the Supreme Court or a judge of any other court, active or retired, (b) a member of the Nebraska State Bar Association, or (c) an immediate family member of any person listed in subdivisions (a) and (b) of this subdivision. The Justice or judge of the Supreme Court serving on the commission shall also serve as chairperson of the commission. A majority of the members of the commission shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business. The commission shall act by a vote of the majority of its members.

Source:Laws 1992, LB 1059, § 7; R.S.Supp.,1994, § 24-809.01; Laws 1995, LB 189, § 4; Laws 1997, LB 229, § 3.


24-1202. Judicial Resources Commission; term; vacancy.

The term of office of each member of the Judicial Resources Commission shall be six years. In the event of a vacancy, the vacancy shall be filled by appointment in the same manner as the original member was appointed, and the individual so appointed shall serve for the balance of the original term. Any member of the commission shall be eligible for reappointment for an additional term without regard to the number of years that such individual has served as a member of the commission.

Source:Laws 1992, LB 1059, § 8; R.S.Supp.,1994, § 24-809.02.


24-1203. Judicial Resources Commission; expenses.

Members of the Judicial Resources Commission shall be reimbursed for their actual and necessary expenses as provided in sections 81-1174 to 81-1177.

Source:Laws 1992, LB 1059, § 9; R.S.Supp.,1994, § 24-809.03.


24-1204. Existence of judicial vacancy; determination.

In the event of the death, retirement, resignation, or removal of a district, county, or separate juvenile judge or the failure of a district, county, or separate juvenile judge to be retained in office or upon the request of a majority of the members of the Judicial Resources Commission, the commission shall, after holding a public hearing, determine whether a judicial vacancy exists in the affected district or any other judicial district or whether a new judgeship or change in number of judicial districts or boundaries is appropriate. If the commission determines a vacancy exists in a district or county court district, the commission may also make a recommendation to the Supreme Court of the site for a primary office location. The public hearing may include videoconferencing, or if the judicial workload statistics compiled pursuant to section 24-1007 indicate a need for a number of judges equal to or greater than the number currently authorized by law, the commission may conduct a hearing by telephone conference. If a telephone conference is used, a recording shall be made of the telephone conference and maintained by the commission for at least one year and the telephone conference shall conform to the requirements of subsection (2) of section 84-1411, and the commission shall only determine whether a judicial vacancy exists in the affected district and make no other determinations.

Source:Laws 1995, LB 189, § 6; Laws 1997, LB 229, § 4; Laws 1999, LB 47, § 1.    


24-1205. Judgeships; annual hearing; recommendations.

By December 15, 1995, and each year thereafter, the Judicial Resources Commission shall hold a hearing to determine whether (1) a new judgeship is appropriate in any judicial district or a reduction in judgeships is appropriate in any judicial district or (2) the judicial district boundaries or the number of judicial districts should be changed for the district or county courts. The commission shall also examine current caseload statistics and make any appropriate recommendations for the more balanced use of existing judicial resources. The State Court Administrator shall provide adequate administrative support and information as requested by the commission. A report of this hearing and any recommendations shall be filed by the commission with the Legislature, the Governor, and the Supreme Court on or before December 31 of each year. The report submitted to the Legislature shall be submitted electronically.

Source:Laws 1995, LB 189, § 7; Laws 2012, LB782, § 26.    


24-1206. Commission; basis for determination; report to Legislature; legislative action.

(1) The Judicial Resources Commission's determination of whether a judicial vacancy exists or a new judgeship, a reduction in judgeships, a change in number of judicial districts or boundaries, or the reallocation of a judgeship from a district, county, or separate juvenile court in one judicial district to a district, county, or separate juvenile court in another judicial district is appropriate pursuant to section 24-1204 or 24-1205 shall be based upon (a) its analysis of judicial workload statistics compiled pursuant to section 24-1007, (b) whether litigants in the judicial district have adequate access to the courts, (c) the population of the judicial district, (d) other judicial duties and travel time involved within the judicial district, and (e) other factors determined by the Supreme Court to be necessary to assure efficiency and maximum service. The State Court Administrator shall provide adequate administrative support and information as requested by the commission.

(2) After making a determination, the commission shall report the results electronically to the Legislature and recommend any legislative changes which are needed. If no changes in existing law are needed and none are recommended by the commission, no legislative action shall be necessary to fill any judicial vacancy determined to exist. The Legislature shall not create a new judgeship unless the commission recommends the creation of a new judgeship in its report. If legislative action is required but none is taken in the first legislative session commencing after receipt of the report by the Legislature, the commission shall hold another hearing on the matter and shall determine whether a judicial vacancy exists or again recommend legislative changes to the Legislature in its report.

Source:Laws 1995, LB 189, § 8; Laws 1997, LB 229, § 5; Laws 2012, LB782, § 27.    


24-1301. Legislative findings.

The Legislature finds and declares that when left untreated, substance use disorders and mental illness contribute to increased crime in Nebraska, cost millions of dollars in lost productivity, and contribute to the burden placed upon law enforcement, court, and correctional systems in Nebraska.

The Legislature also finds and declares that problem solving courts, including drug, veterans, mental health, driving under the influence, reentry, and other problem solving courts, are effective in reducing recidivism of persons who participate in and complete such courts. The Legislature recognizes that problem solving courts offer a person accused of drug, alcohol, and other offenses alternatives to traditional criminal justice proceedings or juvenile justice dispositions.

Source:Laws 2004, LB 454, § 1;    Laws 2008, LB1014, § 6;    Laws 2016, LB919, § 1.    


24-1302. Supreme Court; rules; legislative intent.

(1) Drug, veterans, mental health, driving under the influence, reentry, and other problem solving courts shall be subject to rules which shall be promulgated by the Supreme Court for procedures to be implemented in the administration of such courts.

(2) It is the intent of the Legislature that funds be appropriated separately to the Supreme Court for each of the problem solving courts to carry out this section and section 24-1301.

Source:Laws 2004, LB 454, § 2;    Laws 2008, LB1014, § 7;    Laws 2016, LB919, § 2.