(1) The local public health department as defined in section 71-1626 or the county board of a county that has not established or joined in the establishment of a local public health department shall make and enforce regulations to prevent the introduction and spread of contagious, infectious, and malignant diseases in the county or counties under its jurisdiction.
(2) The county board of a county that has not established or joined in the establishment of a local public health department shall establish a county board of health consisting of three members: The sheriff, who shall be chairperson and quarantine officer; a physician who resides permanently in the county, but if the county has no resident physician, then one conveniently situated, who shall be medical adviser, and who shall be chosen by the county board; and the county clerk, who shall be secretary. The county board may pay the chairperson of the county board of health a salary for such services not to exceed fifty dollars per month, as fixed by the county board.
(3) The local public health department or the county board of health shall make rules and regulations to safeguard the health of the people and prevent nuisances and insanitary conditions and shall enforce and provide penalties for the violation of such rules and regulations for the county or counties under its jurisdiction except for incorporated cities and villages. If the local public health department or the county board of health fails to enact such rules and regulations, it shall enforce the rules and regulations adopted and promulgated by the Department of Health and Human Services.