(1) A person presents a false medicaid claim and is subject to civil liability if such person:
(a) Knowingly presents, or causes to be presented, a false or fraudulent claim for payment or approval;
(b) Knowingly makes, uses, or causes to be made or used, a false record or statement material to a false or fraudulent claim;
(c) Conspires to commit a violation of the False Medicaid Claims Act;
(d) Has possession, custody, or control of property or money used, or to be used, by the state and knowingly delivers, or causes to be delivered, less than all of the money or property;
(e) Is authorized to make or deliver a document certifying receipt of property used, or to be used, by the state and, intending to defraud the state, makes or delivers the receipt knowing that the information on the receipt is not true;
(f) Knowingly buys, or receives as a pledge of an obligation or debt, public property from any officer or employee of the state who may not lawfully sell or pledge such property; or
(g) Knowingly makes, uses, or causes to be made or used, a false record or statement material to an obligation to pay or transmit money or property to the state or knowingly conceals, avoids, or decreases an obligation to pay or transmit money or property to the state.
(2) A person who commits a violation of the False Medicaid Claims Act is subject to, in addition to any other remedies that may be prescribed by law, a civil penalty of not more than ten thousand dollars. In addition to any civil penalty, any such person may be subject to damages in the amount of three times the amount of the false claim because of the act of that person.
(3) If the state is the prevailing party in an action under the False Medicaid Claims Act, the defendant, in addition to penalties and damages, shall pay the state's costs and attorney's fees for the civil action brought to recover penalties or damages under the act.
(4) Liability under this section is joint and several for any act committed by two or more persons.