Nebraska Revised Statute 13-1101
Chapter 13 Section 1101
(1) Municipality means any incorporated city or village in the state, including cities operating under home rule charters and entities created by interlocal agreements among cities, villages, and counties;
(2) Nonprofit enterprise means any activity, venture, undertaking, trade, or business conducted or to be conducted by a nonprofit organization incorporated or authorized to do business in this state as permitted under its governing documents and the applicable laws of its jurisdiction of organization;
(3) Project means (a) any land, building, or equipment or other improvement, and all real and personal properties deemed necessary in connection therewith, which shall be suitable for use for manufacturing or industrial enterprises, (b) any land, building, or equipment or other improvement, and all real and personal properties deemed necessary in connection therewith, which shall be suitable for use as a nonprofit enterprise or the refinancing of outstanding debt of a nonprofit enterprise incurred to finance such land, building, equipment, improvement, or other properties, except that a project under this subdivision shall not include any portion of such land, building, equipment, improvement, or other properties or the refinancing thereof to the extent used for sectarian instruction or study or devotional activities or religious worship, or (c) any land, building, or improvements located in a blighted area located within a city of the metropolitan, primary, first, or second class, and all real and personal properties deemed necessary in connection therewith, which shall be suitable for any enterprise, including, but not limited to, profit or nonprofit commercial, business, governmental, or multifamily housing enterprises;
(4) Governing body means the board or body in which the general legislative powers of the municipality or county are vested;
(5) Mortgage means a mortgage or a mortgage and deed of trust, or other security device; and
(6) Blighted area means an area within a municipality (a) which by reason of the presence of a substantial number of deteriorated or deteriorating structures, existence of defective or inadequate street layout, faulty lot layout in relation to size, adequacy, accessibility, or usefulness, insanitary or unsafe conditions, deterioration of site or other improvements, diversity of ownership, tax or special assessment delinquency exceeding the fair value of the land, defective or unusual conditions of title, improper subdivision or obsolete platting, or the existence of conditions which endanger life or property by fire and other causes, or any combination of such factors, substantially impairs or arrests the sound growth of the community, retards the provision of housing accommodations, or constitutes an economic or social liability and is detrimental to the public health, safety, morals, or welfare in its present condition and use, and (b) in which there is at least one of the following conditions: (i) Unemployment in the designated area is at least one hundred twenty percent of the state or national average; (ii) the average age of the residential or commercial units in the area is at least forty years; (iii) more than half of the plotted and subdivided property in an area is unimproved land that has been within the municipality for forty years and has remained unimproved during that time; (iv) the per capita income of the area is lower than the average per capita income of the municipality in which the area is designated; or (v) the area has had either stable or decreasing population based on the last two decennial censuses. In no event shall a city of the metropolitan, primary, or first class designate more than thirty-five percent of the city as blighted, a city of the second class shall not designate an area larger than fifty percent of the city as blighted, and a village shall not designate an area larger than one hundred percent of the village as blighted.
- Laws 1961, c. 54, § 1, p. 200;
- Laws 1983, LB 451, § 1;
- Laws 1984, LB 1084, § 1;
- R.S.Supp.,1986, § 18-1614;
- Laws 2011, LB159, § 1.
The authority of a municipality or county to use public funds to own, acquire, develop, lease, and sell real and personal property for industrial development is measured by the provisions of Article XIII, section 2, of the Nebraska Constitution, and the enabling statutes lawfully enacted by the Legislature. Chase v. County of Douglas, 195 Neb. 838, 241 N.W.2d 334 (1976).
Constitution was amended to authorize Industrial Development Act. Engelmeyer v. Murphy, 180 Neb. 295, 142 N.W.2d 342 (1966).
Industrial Development Act of 1961 was in major part sustained as constitutional. State ex rel. Meyer v. County of Lancaster, 173 Neb. 195, 113 N.W.2d 63 (1962).